Fact File about the Invention of the Assembly Line: Invention: Assembly Line *** Date of Invention: 1901 *** Name of Inventor: Ransom E. Olds *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1864 - 1950 *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Historical Period: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914) *** Category: Business
/ Industry *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor, Ransom E. Olds, and the invention of the Assembly Line ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Assembly Line? The Assembly Line was invented by Ransom E. Olds in 1901 during the Second US Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1850 - 1914) which was a foremost addition to advancements made in the area of Business
and the automotive industry.
Fact 2: Who invented the Assembly Line? Prior to the invention of the Assembly Line in 1901, the
manufacturing process was extremely slow and labor intensive.
Fact 3: Who invented the Assembly Line? The inventor of the Assembly Line, Ransom E. Olds, was born on June 3, 1864 in Geneva, Ohio, United States and died on August 26, 1950.
Fact 4: Who invented the Assembly Line? Ransom E. Olds was a great
businessman and energized to such an extent that he was destined to become acclaimed as the American inventor of the Assembly Line,
also known as the Production Line.
Fact 5: Who invented the Assembly Line? The early years of Ransom E. Olds were spent in Geneva, Ohio, United States where he was raised by his family.
His parents were Pliny Fisk Olds & Sarah Whipple Olds and he was the youngest of
three brothers. His friends and family affectionately called him "Ranny". Ransom E. Olds was educated at basic education and did not undertake higher education at a University,
in fact he was a High school Drop out.
Fact 6: Who invented the Assembly Line? He was fascinated by new
technology and spent his early years tinkering with engines. His father ran a
blacksmith forge & store called "PF Old's & Son" and following his education
Ranny's first job was working in the family store and learning to become a
mechanic. He built his first steam car in 1894 when he was thirty years old and
went on to produce gas & electric cars.
Fact 7: Who invented the Assembly Line? Ransom E. Olds was an ambitious
man and by 1897 he had co-founded the Olds Motor Vehicle Company and relocated
to Detroit. The company was renamed as Oldsmobile (and would later become a part
of General Motors). The company built the prototype of the Curved Dash
Oldsmobile in 1900.
Fact 8: Who invented the Assembly Line? The production of the Curved Dash
Oldsmobile was critical to the survival of the company. Olds knew that the
key factor to success in the rapidly expanding automobile business was to
produce cars as quickly as possible. He had observed the working process of
making a car and believed that he could speed up the process.
Fact 9 Who invented the Assembly Line? Most companies at this time
produced several styles of automobiles, and Oldsmobile was no different.
However, on March 9, 1901 a disastrous fire broke out at the Detroit company
destroying a number of other models before they were approved for production.
The Curved Dash was the only automobile that was left intact.
Fact 10: Who invented the Assembly Line? He introduced a new
process he called "Progressive assembly", using interchangeable parts and
castered stands that could be moved from place to place to improve the speed of
manufacture and production. Ransom E. Olds shrewdly patented the Assembly Line
concept in 1901.
Fact 11: Who invented the Assembly Line? Ransom E. Olds converted the
undamaged parts building to a temporary assembly factory and initially purchased
parts and engines from the Dodge Bros. company.
Fact 12: Who invented the Assembly Line? Switching to the "Progressive
process", or Assembly Line, allowed the Oldsmobile company to increase output by
500% in just one year. The company was able to produce the Curved Dash model at
an exceptionally high rate of 20 units per day. The 1901 Oldsmobile Curved Dash
was the first mass-produced automobile.
Fact 13: Who invented the Assembly Line? A new factory was built in
Lansing, Michigan and production of the Curved Dash increased still further.
Ransom E. Olds then established the "supplier system" to order large shipments
of assembled parts from outside companies to meet production demands. The
Assembly Line saw the output of the Oldsmobile Curved Dash increased from 425
cars in 1901 to 2,500 cars in 1902.
Fact 14: Who invented the Assembly Line? Unfortunately Ransom E. Olds
made the wrong choice in his business partners who, after several disagreements,
gained control of the Oldsmobile company and retained the 'Olds' name. Furious
at this kind of treatment Ransom left Oldsmobile in 1904.
Fact 15: Who invented the Assembly Line? Ransom E. Olds was determined to
get back into the automobile business and almost immediately founded the REO Car
Company in 1904 in Lansing, Michigan. He could not use the name 'Olds' so he
used his initials (REO) instead, and ensured he retained 52% of the stock in the
Fact 16: Who invented the Assembly Line? By 1907 Ransom E. Olds had built
the REO Motor Car Company into one of the leaders of automobile industry, with a
25% market share, but after 1908 the company steadily lost ground to its
competitors, including the Ford Motor Company.
Fact 17: Who invented the Assembly Line? Henry Ford developed the Assembly
Line technique, pioneered by Ransom E. Olds, and applied it to the mass
production of his Model T automobiles. Henry Ford improved upon Olds’s idea by
installing conveyor belts on his Assembly Line. The moving platforms of the Ford
conveyor system enabled the chassis of the vehicle to be towed by a rope that
moved it from station to station in order to allow workers to assemble each
part. Ford's Assembly Line reduced the production time of a Model T car from 12
hours 8 minutes to just 1 hour 33 minutes.
Fact 18: Who invented the Assembly Line? By 1915 Olds turned most of his
attention from the automobile business and the Assembly Line to other activities
including banking, politics and automobile racing.
Fact 19: Who invented the Assembly Line? Ransom E. Olds was inducted into
the Automotive Hall of Fame in 1946 for the invention of the Assembly Line. He died on August 26, 1950.
Fact 20 - Impact: How did the Assembly Line impact the world? The impact of the invention of the Assembly Line was a tremendous step to improving the field of Business
and the automobile industry. The adoption of the fast, efficient production
system reduced manufacturing costs and made the automobile available to ordinary
Fast Info and Assembly Line Fact File: Country of Origin: America *** Name of Inventor: Ransom E. Olds *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Date of Invention: 1901 *** Invention: Assembly Line *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1864 - 1950 *** Invention Era: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914) *** Type: Business *** The Inventor and Invention of the Assembly Line ***