Fact File about the Invention of Barbed Wire: Invention: Barbed Wire *** Date of Invention: 1873 *** Name of Inventor: Joseph Glidden *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1813 - 1906 *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Historical Period: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914) *** Category: Agriculture *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor, Joseph Glidden, and the invention of
Barbed Wire ***
Fact 1: Who invented Barbed Wire? Barbed Wire was invented by Joseph Glidden in 1873 during the Second US Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1850 - 1914) which was a tremendous addition to advancements made in the area of Agriculture.
Fact 2: Who invented Barbed Wire? The invention of Barbed Wire in 1873
made a significant contribution to the Westward Expansion program of the United
States of America. As the frontier moved further westward into the Great Plains
the traditional fence materials of wooden rails and stone became scarce and more
Fact 3: Who invented Barbed Wire? The lands became an "Open Range" as
there were no fences and cattle roamed free, moving between grazing lands.
Fact 4: Who invented Barbed Wire? The inventor of Barbed Wire, Joseph Glidden, was born on January 18, 1813 in Charlestown, New Hampshire, United States and died on October 9, 1906.
Fact 5: Who invented Barbed Wire? The early years of Joseph Glidden were spent in Charlestown, New Hampshire, United States where he was raised by his family. Joseph Glidden was
well educated at Vermont's Middlebury Academy and a seminary at Lima, New York.
He began his life as a school teacher.
Fact 6: Who invented Barbed Wire? Joseph Glidden married Clarissa Foster
in 1837 and he purchased a small farm in Illinois. His wife Clarissa and his
children all sadly died.
Fact 7: Who invented Barbed Wire? Joseph Glidden enjoyed working on his
farm and by 1844 had earned enough money to purchase 600 acres of land near the
Illinois town of DeKalb. He built a house on the farm and began raising cattle.
Fact 8: Who invented Barbed Wire? In 1851 Joseph Glidden married Lucinda
Warner settling into a life as a farmer . Joseph Glidden was a respected member
of the community and held various county government positions in addition to
working on his farm.
Fact 9: Who invented Barbed Wire? Joseph Glidden began searching for a
better fencing method after his wife, Lucinda, complained about livestock
continuously getting into the yard.
Fact 10: Who invented Barbed Wire? The invention of Barbed Wire began
when Joseph Glidden attended the 1873 Dekalb, Illinois county fair. As he
wandered around he was attracted to a demonstration of new wooden fence rail
that had been patented by Henry M. Rose. It was a wooden rail with sharp nails
protruding along its sides, that hung inside a smooth wire fence. The fence rail
was designed to be attached to an existing fence to keep cattle and other
livestock from breaking through.
Fact 11: Who invented Barbed Wire? Joseph Glidden went back to his farm
and began to think about how the sharp nails deterred the cattle and what he
could do to emulate the effect.
Fact 12: Who invented Barbed Wire? One of the great inventions of the
Industrial Revolution was the Bessemer Process that was invented by Henry
Bessemer in 1855 which produced steel cheaply and efficiently. This resulted in
the United States moving from iron into the Age of Steel.
Fact 13: Who invented Barbed Wire? The invention of Barbed Wire was
prompted when Joseph Glidden began twisting his wife's hairpins and he began
working on the idea of a wire fence. Metal was not used for fencing until steel
wire became cheaply available due to the invention of the Bessemer Process.
Fact 14: Who invented Barbed Wire? Joseph Glidden began to experiment
with make steel points, or barbs, using an old coffee bean grinder as an
improvised tool. He began placing the barbs at different intervals along a
smooth wire, and then twisted another wire around the first to hold the barbs in
Fact 14: Who invented Barbed Wire? He manufactured his barbed wire
fencing by hand sectioned his farm with his new fencing. His neighbors were
impressed with his invention and began asking him to make them the same type of
Fact 15: Who invented Barbed Wire? Joseph Glidden patented his Barbed
Wire on May 12, 1874. A previous patent was filed by Michael Kelly who had
patented a barbed wire for fencing on November 17, 1868, which was reissued
April 4, 1876. However Kelly's idea was different, consisting of a flat wire,
with the barbs inserted in holes made through it.
Fact 16: Who invented Barbed Wire? In July 1874, Joseph Glidden entered
into partnership with Isaac L. Ellwood, and commenced manufacturing in the City
of DeKalb. Demand for the Barbed wire fencing was so great that in 1875 they
moved to a larger building.
Fact 17: Who invented Barbed Wire? Glidden became involved in a three
year legal battle but was eventually declared the rightful inventor of barbed
Fact 18: Who invented Barbed Wire? In 1876, Joseph Glidden sold his half
of the patent to Washburn & Moen Manufacturing Company for $60,000 plus
royalties. The deal would make him one of the most richest men in the United
Fact 19: Who invented Barbed Wire? Joseph Glidden went on to buy a
newspaper, a hotel and a bank together with 250,000 acre ranch in Texas.
Fact 19: Who invented Barbed Wire? Joseph Glidden died on October 9, 1906
in Clarendon, New York.
Fact 20 - Impact: How did Barbed Wire impact the world? The impact of the invention of
Barbed Wire was a major step to improving the field of Agriculture. The
invention of Barbed wire fencing changed farming and ranching methods and
contributed to the end of the Wild West Cowboys of the Old West. Now you know that Joseph Glidden was the person who invented
Barbed Wire! We hope that the facts in this article have provided the answers to all of your questions about the invention of
Barbed Wire and its famous inventor, Joseph Glidden.
Fast Info and Fact File: Country of Origin: America *** Name of Inventor: Joseph Glidden *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Date of Invention: 1873 *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1813 - 1906 *** Invention Era: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914) *** Type: Agriculture *** The Inventor and Invention of
Barbed Wire ***