Baseball: Baseball is defined as a ball game
played on a diamond-shaped circuit of four bases. The game is played
with a smooth, wooden bat (like a club) and ball between two teams of 9
players in which teams take 'turns at bat' trying to score a run.
Fact File about the Invention of
Baseball: Invention: Baseball *** Date of Invention:
1839 *** Name of Inventor:
Abner Doubleday *** Lifespan of Inventor:
1819 - 1893 *** Nationality of Inventor:
American *** Historical Period: Industrial
Revolution *** Category: Sport *** Country of Origin:
Facts about the Inventor, Abner Doubleday, and the invention of Baseball ***
Fact 1: Who invented Baseball? Baseball was invented by Abner
Doubleday in 1839 during the Industrial
Revolution era of inventions in the area of
Fact 2: Who invented
Baseball? Prior to the invention of Baseball in 1839, there was an
English ball game called 'Rounders', that dated back to the Tudor era in the
1500's. The informal game of 'Rounders', is a striking and fielding team
game played with a bat and ball, is still enjoyed by kids and adults to the
Fact 3: Who invented
Baseball? The English were also (and still are) avid players and
followers of cricket. Both Cricket and Rounders were brought to New
England by the first colonists.
Fact 4: Who invented
Baseball? The game of Baseball evolved directly from the games of
Cricket and Rounders.
Fact 5: Who invented Baseball? The inventor of Baseball, Abner Doubleday, was born on
26 June, 1819 in Ballston Spa, New York, United States and died on 26
Fact 6: Who invented
Baseball? The early years of Abner Doubleday were spent in Ballston Spa,
New York, United States where he was raised by his family.
His father, Ulysses F. Doubleday, was a publisher and also represented
Auburn, New York for four years in the United States Congress.
Fact 7: Who invented Baseball? Abner Doubleday was educated in Auburn
during his formative years and then went to live with his uncle in
Cooperstown so that he could attend a private preparatory high school.
Fact 8: Who
invented Baseball? The story involving Abner Doubleday and the invention of Baseball
revolved around Cooperstown, a village in and county seat of Otsego
County, New York. (Just as a matter of interest Cooperstown was founded
in 1786 by Judge William Cooper whose son, James Fenimore Cooper, who
went on to become the author of The Last of the Mohicans.)
invented Baseball? According to legend the invention of Baseball
happened during the summer of 1839. A grass field, owned by Elihu
Phinney (1756–1813), located on the west shore of Otsego lake was
employed as a pasture for cattle grazing. Permission was given by Elihu
Phinney for Abner Doubleday to use his pasture as the first baseball
Fact 10: Who
invented Baseball? A diamond-shape area was marked out to play 'Town
Ball'. Abner Doubleday organized a game for some local men, including
Elihu Phinney, and the boy pupils of "Green’s Select School" in
Fact 11: Who
invented Baseball? One of Abner Doubleday's school friends was Abner
Graves who was a witness to the invention of baseball. Abner Graves
later wrote a letter describing the invention of baseball. Apparently
'Town Ball' was a rowdy affair played by up to fifty players. Collisions
inevitably occured when several players attempted to catch the ball.
Fact 12: Who
invented Baseball? According to Abner Graves, his friend, Abner
Doubleday, suggested that the game be limited to 11 players on each side
consisting of a pitcher, a catcher, four outfielders, three basemen and
two infielders. A 6 foot ring was laid out where the pitcher would throw
the ball to the batsman. The playing area was laid out in a diamond
shape with three flat stones that acted as a base for the runners after
they hit the ball. The game of Baseball was born.
Fact 13: Who
invented Baseball? The name "Base Ball" was given because the
playing area had four bases. The first baseballs were made from a rubber
core from old, melted shoes, wrapped in yarn and leather.
Fact 14: Who invented Baseball? Abner Doubleday finished his education
in Cooperstown and went on to work as a civil engineer and surveyor
until 1838 when he continued his studies at the United States Military
Academy (USMA), also known as West Point and left baseball behind.
Fact 15: Who invented Baseball? Abner Doubleday graduated from West
Point in 1842 went on to serve in the 3rd U.S. Artillery as a
commissioned officer and awarded the rank of a brevet second lieutenant.
The rank by brevet was awarded for "gallant actions or meritorious
Fact 16: Who invented Baseball? The invention of Baseball was a
massive success. In 1845 Alexander Joy Cartwright developed the rules of
baseball and in 1846 the first official game of baseball was played
between the Knickerbockers and a group of cricket players.
Fact 17: Who invented Baseball? During his career in the army the
Civil War broke out (1861 - 1865) and Abner Doubleday fought as a
commander in the Second Battle of Bull Run, the Battles at Antietam,
Fredericksburg and at the terrible Battle of Gettysburg.
Fact 18: Who
invented Baseball? After the Civil War Abner Doubleday achieved fame
when he obtained a patent on the San Francisco cable car railway. He
lived a comfortable life with his wife Mary until his death in 1893.
Fact 19: Who
invented Baseball? Abner Doubleday died on 26 January 1893 of a
heart attack and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington,
Fact 20: Who
invented Baseball? Meanwhile the invention of Baseball had taken a
hold on the nation and the first all-professional team, the Cincinnati
Red Stockings, was established in 1869. The National Baseball League was
established in 1876 and the American League was created in 1900.
invented Baseball? People wanted to know about the history of
baseball and the Mills Commission, chaired by Abraham Mills, the
president of the National League of Professional Base Ball Clubs, was
established in 1905 to investigate.
invented Baseball? The Mills Commission final report, on December
30, 1907, stated that "the first scheme for playing baseball, according
to the best evidence obtainable to date, was devised by Abner Doubleday
at Cooperstown, New York in 1839."
invented Baseball? The invention of Baseball coincided with the
beginning of the Industrial Revolution which resulted in more time for
leisure. Great sporting stadiums were built and the sport of baseball
remains one of the most popular sports in America to this day.