Fact File: Who invented Books? Invention: Books *** Date of Invention: c. 2000 BC *** Name of Inventor: Unknown *** Historical Period: Ancient Egyptian: Early Dynastic Period (3100 - 2686 BCE) *** Category: Education *** Country of Origin: Ancient Egypt *** The Invention of
Fact 1: Who invented Books? The name of the inventor of Books are unknown but it is believed to have been invented in c. 2000 BC during the Ancient Egyptian
era of inventions during the Early Dynastic Period (3100 - 2686 BCE).
Fact 2: Who invented Books? The
invention of books would not have been possible without the invention of writing
and the alphabet. Several ancient civilizations
independently invented their own alphabet.
Fact 3: Who invented Books? The
ancient Mesopotamian civilization created the first system of writing and the
first alphabet c. 2900 BC. The Mesopotamians form of writing called "Cuneiform"
was originally written on clay tablets and developed into an alphabetic script
Fact 4: Who invented Books? The
Phoenicians copied the Mesopotamian idea and developed the Phoenician alphabet
c.3000 BC and the Ancient Egyptians developed their hieroglyphic script
Fact 5: Who invented Books? The Ancient Egyptians used
Papyrus to write on c. 3000 BC. Papyrus was made from the pith of the reedy
plant Cyperus papyrus which grew along the river Nile in Egypt. The first books
were in the form of a Papyrus scroll consisting of several sheets pasted
together to make one, super long sheet.
Fact 6: Who invented Books? The Egyptian god of knowledge and the patron
of scribes and writing was called Thoth. Thoth was revered as the inventor of
Hieroglyphic Writing. The Cult Center at Hermopolis housed the Great Temple of
Thoth, one of the great centres of Egyptian learning. There were secret halls in
the Great Temple that contained historical records and papyrus books that
encapsulated all the knowledge of Egyptian priests and scribes. These sacred
texts and records were kept for thousands of years and were re-discovered during
the late 15th century.
Fact 7: Who invented Books? The Greeks and Romans adopted papyrus in
later centuries which they used in combination with the Greek and Latin
Fact 8: Who invented Books? Papyrus was very costly and could only be
obtained fro Egypt. A Greek ruler called Eumenes I (263-241 BCE) tasked his
officials with creating a writing material to replace papyrus which led to the
invention of parchment. Parchment was made of sheepskin, or goatskin which
was was limed, scraped, soaked in tannin and dried under tension. Parchment made
from calf skin was called vellum.
Fact 9: Who invented Books? The Romans are credited with developing the
first note book when Julius Caesar (100 BC - 44 BC) folded pieces of parchment
over one another and created the notebook. The famous Greek poet Homer produced
the 'Iliad' in book format which was described as "All locked within several
pieces of skin folded into several little sheets".
Fact 10: Who invented Books? The Ancient Chinese invented paper and a
court official called Cai Lun (AD 48 - 121) is credited with significantly
improving the paper making process 105 AD using the bark of Mulberry trees, rags
of cloth, remnants of hemp and nets which were pressed into pulp to make paper.
Fact 11: Who invented Books? The codex, an elaborate, hand-written book or
manuscript, was constructed of a number of sheets of made from parchment, vellum
or papyrus that finally replaced the use of scrolls. The hand-written books of
the Middle Ages were, generally, painstakingly produced by monks.
Fact 12: Who invented Books? The Chinese invention of paper eventually
reached Europe in 1150 when it was introduced to Spain and then slowly spread to
other European nations where new paper making businesses were established.
Fact 13: Who invented Books? The invention of the
Printing Press by Johannes Gutenberg (c1400 -
1468) in 1440. Press-printed books were created that allowed books to be
produced quickly and, although still expensive, were much cheaper than ever
Fact 14: Who invented Books? The Gutenberg printing press featured
movable metallic type that created a system of individual letters and character
pieces that could be rearranged and reused during printing. The Gutenberg
printing press enabled identical versions of a book to be made multiple times.
Fact 15: Who invented Books? Prior to the invention of the printing press
it is estimated that there were less than 30,000 books in the whole of Europe.
In 1455 Johannes Gutenberg began printing the Gutenberg Bible, the first
mass-produced book. Up to this point a handwritten Bible that could take a
single monk 20 years to transcribe working diligently in a scriptorium.
Fact 16: Who invented Books? The printing press enabled thousands of
books and millions of pamphlets to be printed without censorship. In the
1500's, both Catholic and Protestant churches and governments attempted to
regulate and control the printing of books because it allowed for rapid and
widespread circulation of ideas and information.
Fact 17: Who invented Books? The
lithographic system of printing, aka "chemical printing", was invented in 1796
by German author and actor Alois Senefelder as a cheap method of publishing
Fact 18: Who invented Books? Friedrich Gottlob Koenig (1774 – 1833)
invented a high-speed steam-powered printing press which was patented in 1810
during the early Industrial Revolution. The production of books increased with
the invention of steam printing presses and new steam paper mills were
introduced. The steam printing presses and mills caused book prices to
drop and the number of books to increase considerably which led to the
establishment of public libraries.
Fact 19: Who invented Books? A German-American inventor Ottmar
Mergenthaler (1854 – 1899) revolutionized the art of printing when he invented
the linotype machine in 1878, the first device that could easily and speedily
set complete lines of type for use in printing presses. Ottmar Mergenthaler has
since been referred to as the second Gutenberg.
Fact 20: Who invented Books? Christopher Latham Sholes (1819 - 1890)
invented the Typewriter in 1867. Prior to the invention of the typewriter
authors had to laboriously produce their books on hand written documents.
Fact 21: Who invented
Books? The emergence of ebooks took off in the computer age when Steve Jobs
and Steve Wozniak of the Apple corporation the first Personal Computer in 1976.
Fact 22: Who invented
Books? In 1990 John Galuskza (Serendipity Systems) invented an ebook
display program called PC-Book which revolutionized the book publishing industry
and opened up the opportunities for authors.
Fact 23: Who invented
Books? Computer based word processors, printers and the advent of desktop
publishing allowed people to print their own books and access to the Internet
has provided a virtual library of books in our own homes.