Fact File about the Invention of Braille: Date of Invention: 1824 *** Name of Inventor: Louis Braille *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1809 - 1852 *** Nationality of Inventor: French *** Historical Period: Industrial Revolution (1700 - 1860) *** Category: Education *** Country of Origin: France *** Facts about the Inventor and the invention ***
Fact 1: Who invented Braille? Braille was invented by Louis Braille in
1824 during the Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1700 - 1860).
Fact 2: Who invented Braille? Prior to the invention of Braille in 1824, there was
not an effective communication system for blind people.
Fact 3: Who invented Braille? Valentin Hauy (1745-1822) founded the Royal
Institute for Blind Youths in Paris in 1784, the first school of its kind for
blind children in the world.
Fact 4: Who invented Braille? The history of Braillle began when
Valentin Hauy developed a method of raised letters, to teach a blind student to
read sentences but his students were unable to reproduce the letters themselves
if they wanted to write.
Fact 5: Who invented Braille? Another Frenchman called Charles Barbier de
la Serre (1767 Ė 1841), who was serving as a captain in Napoleon Bonaparteís
army, independently invented a coded system known as "night writing" in 1817, to
enable soldiers to transmit messages silently, without light during the night
that could be read by touch.
Fact 6: Who invented Braille? The "night writing" system consisted of a
6x6 inch square grid divided into two columns of dots embossed on a square of
paperboard. The raised dots represented a letter or a phonetic sound.
Fact 7: Who invented Braille? In 1821 Charles Barbier introduced his
"night writing" system to the Royal Institute for Blind Youths in Paris. A
12-year-old blind student, Louis Braille, attended Charles Barbierís
introductory lecture and inspired by the work of Valentin Hauy and Charles
Barbier went on to invent the tactile reading and writing system for blind
people, that became known as Braille.
Fact 8: Who invented Braille? The inventor Louis Braille, was born on 4 January 1809 in Coupvray, France and died on 6 January 1852.
Fact 9: Who invented Braille? The early years of Louis were spent in Coupvray,
France where he was raised by his family. Louis was blinded in a tragic accident
when he was just three years old. Louis accidentally stabbed himself in the left
eye with his fatherís awl, a tool that he used as a leather-worker and saddle
maker. Complications set in and resulted in his losing vision in both eyes by
the time he was four years old.
Fact 10: Who invented Braille? Louis was provided with a basic education
by Father Palluy, a priest at the local Catholic church. When he was ten years
old, in 1819, Louis won a scholarship and began to attend the Royal Institute
for Blind Youth in Paris.
Fact 11: Who invented Braille? Louis was taught by Valentin Hauy and
learned the method of reading with the use of raised letters that had been
invented by Hauy.
Fact 12: Who invented Braille? In 1821 he was introduced to Charles
Barbiers' night-writing system and became inspired and determined to develop a
new system to help blind people to read and write.
Fact 13: Who invented Braille? Louis worked on his new system for three
years and in 1824, at the age of 15, he was presented his new method to Dr.
Pignier, the director of the Royal Institute for Blind Youth.
Fact 14: Who invented Braille? Louis Braille's tactile system was to pass
their fingers of blind people over embossed dots and "decode" the corresponding
letters or symbols.
Fact 15: Who invented Braille? His new system was built on cells of six
raised dots. The configuration of raised dots represented a written symbol.
Louis also adapted the system to encompass math and music notation.
Fact 16: Who invented Braille? Louis graduated in 1826 and became a
student teacher and then was given a full-time teaching position at the Paris
Royal Institute for the Blind.
Fact 17: Who invented Braille? There was a great deal of scepticism
regarding his ideas and although he shared his method with the students, it was
officially banned at the Institute during his lifetime.
Fact 18: Who invented Braille? At the age of 40, Louis was forced to
leave the Institute and move back to Coupvray due to a persistent respiratory
illness caused by tuberculosis.
Fact 19: Who invented Braille? Louis died on 6 January 1852, just two
days after his 43rd birthday. He was buried at the village cemetery in Coupvray.
Fact 20: Who invented Braille? His invention was adopted by the Institute
for the Blind shortly after his untimely death and his work was officially
recognised by the French government.
Fact 21: Who invented Braille? One hundred years after his death his body
was was moved to the Pantheon in Paris, to be laid to rest alongside other
French national heroes.
Fact 22: How did Braille impact the world? The ingenious system that
enabled blind and visually impaired people to read and write is used across the
Fact 23: The system can be found in a variety of useful places and on
items such as clocks, watches, thermometers, computers and ATM machines.