Fact File: Who invented Bread? Invention: Bread *** Date of Invention: c.
8000 BC *** Name of Inventor: Unknown *** Historical Period: Ancient Egyptian: Roman & Byzantine Egypt (30 BCE - 641 CE) *** Category: Food and Drink *** Country of Origin: Ancient Egypt *** The Invention of
Fact 1: Who invented Bread? The name of the inventor of Bread is unknown but it is believed to have been invented c.
8000 BC by the Ancient Egyptians.
Fact 2: Who invented Bread? Prior to the invention of
the first grinding stone to make bread c. 8000 BC, Prehistoric man had already
been making gruel from water and grains. In the winter they began to heat the
mixture on stones and found that it became a solid form that would last for
Fact 3: Who invented Bread? The Ancient
Egyptians invented the quern stone c8000 to grind their grain, emmer wheat, to
make flour for bread-making. The quern was a sloping stone with a bowl at the
lower end for collecting the flour. The grain was painstakingly crushed into
flour by rubbing another stone up and down the quern.
Who invented Bread? The Ancient Egyptian bread was made with just flour and
water. The dough was kneaded and made into flat pancakes, similar to pitta
breads, that were cooked on a shelf over a fire.
Fact 5: Who invented
Bread? As time passed other ingredients were added to the dough. Dried
fruits or honey was used to sweeten the dough and herbs and spices were added to
provide different flavors. Oil or milk was also used to enrich the bread and
different shapes were made for special occasions.
Fact 6: Who invented Bread? The invention of the Baker's Oven, called an 'ourin',
was made c. 4000 BC and provided the Babylonians of
Mesopotamia with important supplies of
flatbreads to feed the growing population of their cities and provide a store of
Fact 7: Who invented Bread? The Mesopotamians refined the grinding
process c.800 B.C., using two flat, circular stones, stacked on top one another
to grind the grain. The milling process resulted in highly desirable, smooth,
finely ground, refined flour. The milling stones were continuously rotated by
slaves or animals
Fact 8: Who invented Bread? The invention of Bread began with flatbreads,
known as unleavened bread. Leavened bread contains yeast and produces a light,
Fact 9: Who invented Bread? The invention of leavened breads, those
containing yeast, are once again credited to the Ancient Egyptians c300BC. The
effect of adding the rising agent was probably discovered by accident when some
yeast spores, drifted onto a dough that had been put to one side before baking.
The dough would rise to make the bread lighter and more appetizing than usual.
Sourdough is the oldest and most original form of leavened bread.
Fact 10: Who invented Bread? The terms leavened and unleavened bread
often appear in the Bible and have religious symbolism. Risen breads puffed up
with leaven is reminiscent of sinful pride whereas unleavened (matzo) bread
symbolizes that which is humble, simple, and pure.
Fact 11: Who invented Bread? A Bakers' Guild, The Collegium Pistorum, was
formed in Rome c.168 B.C. Wealthy Romans preferred white breads to the darker
variety (whole grain) especially the rich white breads that were made with milk,
eggs and butter.
Fact 12: Who invented Bread? The crusaders developed a hard, twice baked
bread, similar to a hard biscuit, that could be kept longer than other breads.
The crusaders brought back their twice baked breads to Europe and these were
eaten in monasteries and used for provisioning ships (Hardtack), or towns
threatened with a siege.
Fact 13: Who invented Bread? Early evidence of the first water-driven
wheel, the Watermill, with machinery driven by water that milled flour, dates
back to c300BC. The watermill was adopted in Europe and in England, after the
Norman Conquest, the Domesday Book lists around 6,000 water-powered flour mills
in England in 1086.
Fact 14: Who invented Bread? The first recorded windmill design, known as
the panemone, originated in Persia c900 AD. It was originally used for pumping
water then it was adapted for grinding grain. The concept of the windmill was
brought to Europe c. 1270AD during the Crusades.
Fact 15: Who invented Bread? The preference for white breads by the
wealthy, nobility and royalty was continued in Europe during the Middle Ages.
The fine white bread eaten by the rich was called Manchet which was prized as a
Fact 16: Who invented Bread? The brown, black or gray breads made with
barley, rye, oats, or millet was always ranked as coarse food which were eaten
by the poor. Bread trenchers were common and consisted of thick slice of dry,
stale wholemeal and used as a kind of ‘edible’ plate!
Fact 16: Who invented Bread? The Middle Ages in Europe was dominated by
the feudal system and during this time the Lord of the Manor had the right of
common oven that required serfs to pay the customary charge to make use of the
watermill or windmill and the oven for baking bread.
Fact 17: Who invented Bread? The number of deaths due to the Black
destroyed the feudal system forever and the life of the men who were once serfs
changed dramatically. No longer tied to the Lord of the Manor and his lands men
started their own businesses and developed skills to become tradesmen. Medieval
guilds attempted to guarantee standards amongst tradesman but some disreputable
millers and bakers had a reputation for short-weighting their bread.
Fact 18: Who invented Bread? Strict laws were passed, regulating the
weight of various kinds of breads, however bakers found it impossible to make
their loaves absolutely uniform in weight. As a result bakers developed the
practice of giving thirteen loaves on every order for twelve loaves, thereby
guaranteeing that there would be no penalty for short-weighting. This practice
is still remembered today via the well known term "A baker's dozen".
Fact 19: Who invented Bread? The Industrial Revolution witnessed massive
improvements to the bread making process. The invention of the steam engine by
James Watt in 1769 was a great success and sold to various industries including
flour mills. John Montagu invented the
sandwich in 1762.
Fact 20: Who invented Bread? The old watermills and windmills began
to be abandoned when a Swiss engineer called Jacob Sulzberger invented the
Roller grain mill that producing a uniformly white flour without bran. By 1800,
75% of the watermills and windmills had disappeared.
Fact 21: Who invented Bread? Automatic machinery was invented to
mass-produce cheap breads including machines to knead the dough, for mass baking
and for wrapping bread.
Fact 22: Who invented Bread? For the very first time in history, whiter
flour, and therefore white bread, was produced at a price that everyone, not
just the rich but also the poor, could afford.
Fact 23: Who invented Bread? The early 1900's public demand for labor-saving
electrical appliances in the home increased and in 1909 the first commercially
successful electric toaster was launched by General Electric and in 1928 Otto
Frederick Rohwedder, the man who invented sliced
bread, filed a patent for his bread slicing machine.
Fact 24: Who invented Bread? There are many different types of breads
available. Yeast breads include Anadama, a US cornmeal and molasses based sweet
tasting bread. The bagel, the French baguette, the Irish Barmbrack, the Italian
Bastone and Focaccia, the French Boule, Fougasse and Brioche, the Polish Bialy
and the English Cottage loaf.
Fact 25: Who invented Bread? Famous flatbreads include the Jamaican Bammy,
the Scottish Bannock, the US Johnnycake, the Jewish Matzo, the Asian Naan
breads, the Indian Papadum and Roti, the Italian Piadina, Pita and Pizza and the
Fact 26: Who invented Bread? Garlic bread originated in Italy and
features a topping of garlic in butter or olive oil. Raisins had been added to
breads by the Greeks and the Romans but it was Henry David Thoreau of Concord,
Massachusetts who made Raison Bread popular. Fairy bread, a soft white treat
spread with sweet butter and topped with brightly colored sprinkles originated
in Australia. Tiger bread is made with sesame oil and has a unique mottled
crust, is thought to have originated in Italy.