Fact File: Who invented Calculus? Date of Invention: mid 1700's *** Name of Inventors: Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz *** Nationality of Inventors:
German and English *** Historical Period: Industrial Revolution (1700  1860) *** Category: Science (Math) *** Country of Origin:
England and Germany *** The Inventors and Invention***
Fact 1: Who invented Calculus? Calculus was invented independently by Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz in
the mid 1700's during the Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1700  1860).
Fact 2: Who invented Calculus? Although both Isaac Newton and Gottfried
Leibniz are credited with the invention the first steps were taken by Ancient
Greek mathematicians such as Zeno of Elea, Leucippus, Democritus, Eudoxus and
Archimedes.
Fact 3: Who invented Calculus? Prominent Renaissance mathematicians and
scientists such as Luca Valerio, Johannes Kepler, Pierre de Fermat, Gilles
Roberval, Rene Descartes, Johann Hudde, Christiaan Huygens, Bonaventura
Cavalieri, Evangelista Torricelli and Isaac Barrow also played a significant
role in the invention.
Fact 3: Who invented Calculus? Calculus is
used in the present day to help formulate concepts such as as heat, motion,
electricity and light. Calculus helps formulate concepts and predictions through
the use of limits, derivatives, integrals, functions and astronomy. It is broken
into two subgroups called differential calculus and integral calculus.
Fact 4: Who invented Calculus? The Greeks: Zeno of Elea was a famous Greek
philosopher who posed socalled paradoxes about motion to challenge the
ideas of Greek mathematicians. Leucippus and Democritus originated the atomic
theory of indivisibles.
Fact 5: Who invented Calculus? The Greeks: Eudoxus was a Greek astronomer
who mapped the stars and compiled a map of the known world. Archimedes was a
genius in geometry and his methods anticipated the integral calculus 2,000 years
before Gottfried Leibniz and Sir Isaac Newton.
Fact 6: Who invented Calculus? The Renaissance Scientists: Important
Renaissance mathematicians and scientists made significant advances in the invention of Calculus.
Luca Valerio (1552  1618) worked to find volumes and centres of gravity of
solid bodies. Johannes Kepler (1571  1630) provided three fundamental laws of
planetary motion and worked on a basic form of integration.
Fact 7: Who invented Calculus? The Renaissance Scientists: Pierre de
Fermat (1601  1665) was famous for his work in number theory. Gilles Roberval
(1602  1675) developed significant methods in the study of integration.
Bonaventura Cavalieri (1598  1647) developed a method of indivisibles, an
important factor in the development of the integral calculus.
Fact 8: Who invented Calculus? The Renaissance Scientists: Rene Descartes
(1596  1650) developed an important method of determining normals based on
double intersection. Johann Hudde (1628  1704) worked on maxima and minima and
the theory of equations. He developed Hudde's Rule involving the derivative and
provided an ingenious method to find multiple roots of an equation. Christian
Huygens (1629  1695) wrote a small work on the calculus of probabilities.
Fact 9: Who invented Calculus?
The Renaissance Scientists: Evangelista Torricelli (1608  1647) and
Isaac Barrow (1630  1677) worked on the problem of motion with variable speed.
Fact 10: Who invented Calculus? The invention of Calculus in the mid
1700's by Sir Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz was strongly influenced by the
work conducted by both the Greek and Renaissance Scientists and Mathematicians.
Fact 11: Who invented Calculus? Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643
in WoolsthorpebyColsterworth a hamlet in the South Kesteven district of
Lincolnshire, England. Gottfried Leibniz was born on July 1, 1646 in Leipzig,
Germany.
Fact 12: Who invented Calculus? Isaac Newton was educated at Trinity
College, Cambridge and Gottfried Leibniz was educated at Leipzig University, the
University of Altdorf and the University of Jena.
Fact 13: Who invented Calculus? Newton and Leibniz worked on the
invention of Calculus separately. Isaac Newton was strongly influenced by the
work of Rene Descartes and Leibniz was strongly influenced by the work of
Christian Huygens and Isaac Barrow.
Fact 14: Who invented Calculus? Sir Isaac Newton laid the foundation for
differential and integral calculus and Gottfried Leibniz developed the present
day notation for the differential and integral calculus.
Fact 15: Who invented Calculus? Both Sir Isaac Newton and and Gottfried
Leibniz wrote a full system of calculus and became embroiled in a bitter battle
regarding who should be credited with the invention of Calculus. There were
various accusations of plagiarism that proved to be false.
Fact 16: Who invented Calculus? Sir Isaac Newton emerged with the
credit for the invention of Calculus, his theories of gravity and motion and the
invention of the Color Wheel and was given praise,
accolades and honor for his
pioneering work. Sir Isaac Newton died on March 31, 1727 in Kensington, London and was
given a state funeral.
Fact 17: Who invented Calculus? Gottfried Leibniz was not given credit
for the invention of Calculus and died on November 14, 1716 in Hanover, Germany
a poor and dishonored man. For additional information refer to the
Inventors and Invention of Math and
Who Invented Algebra.
Fast Info and Fact
File: Who invented Calculus? Country of Origin: England and Germany *** Name of Inventors: Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz *** Nationality of Inventors:
German and English *** Date of Invention: mid 1700's *** Invention Era: Industrial Revolution (1700  1860) *** Type: Science (Math) ***
