Fact File about the Invention of the Cotton Gin: Date of Invention: 1793 *** Name of Inventor: Eli Whitney *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1765 - 1825 *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Historical Period: Agricultural Revolution (1700's - 1800's) *** Category:
Agriculture *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor, Eli Whitney and
Fact 1: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The Cotton Gin was invented by Eli Whitney in 1793 during the Agricultural Revolution (1700's - 1800's) era of inventions which was a leading addition to advancements made in the area of Agriculture.
Fact 2: Who invented the Cotton Gin? Prior to the invention of the Cotton
Gin in 1793, it was a time consuming and arduous process to clean the small
green seedpods (called cotton bolls).
Fact 3: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The inventor of the Cotton Gin, Eli Whitney, was born on December 8, 1765 in Westborough, Massachusetts, United States.
Fact 4: Who invented the Cotton Gin? Eli Whitney was inspired to such an extent that he was destined to achieve distinction as
a great American inventor.
Fact 5: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The early years of Eli Whitney were spent in Westborough, Massachusetts,
New England where he was raised by his parents Eli Whitney and Elizabeth Fay
Whitney. Eli Whitney received an excellent education and graduated from Yale
University in 1792 with every intention of becoming a lawyer.
Fact 6: Who invented the Cotton Gin? Following his education he was in
debt and his first job was as a private tutor to the children of General
Nathanael Greene on the Greene plantation in Georgia. Once he had made enough
money to clear his debts Eli Whitney had every intention to pursue a career as a
Fact 7: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The Greene plantation was in the
South where cotton was one of the major cash crops. Eli Whitney had never seen
cotton growing until he moved to the Greene farm.
Fact 8: Who invented the Cotton Gin? General Greene discussed the
problems of harvesting and cleaning cotton and, realizing that Eli Whitney was
an extremely bright young man, suggested that he might be able to invent a
machine that would clean the bolls more quickly and efficiently.
Fact 9: Who invented the Cotton Gin? Eli Whitney realized that he would
be able to make a considerable profit from such an invention and decided to
start experimenting with ideas to create a cotton-boll harvesting and cleaning
machine. He was highly motivated to clear his debts and started to work on his invention of
what would become known as the Cotton Gin.
Fact 10: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The word "Gin" derived from an old
English word 'gin' meaning an "ingenious device or machine". The word 'gin' was
later commonly used as a shortened form of the word 'engine'.
Fact 11: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The invention of the Gin was an
incredibly simple device. The gin (machine) was housed in a rectangular wooden
box and consisted of a roller, a mesh of wire teeth for combing out the seeds
and a handle to turn the roller.
Fact 12: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The bolls was put into the top of
the machine across the roller and the handle turned the cotton-bolls through the
wire teeth that combed out the unwanted seeds that would not fit through the
mesh and fell outside. The clean, seedless cotton was then pulled out of the
wire teeth and out of the gin.
Fact 13: Who invented the Cotton Gin? On Eli Whitney applied for a
patent for his invention of the Cotton-Gin that consisted of working drawings, a
written description, a model and an application fee. Eli Whitney was
granted his patent, number X72, on March 14, 1794.
Fact 14: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The first Patent Act of the U.S.
Congress was passed on April 10, 1790. The first act was then repealed and
replaced by the Patent Act of 1793. As the Patent law was in its infancy very
few patents had been granted and Whitney's patent had to be validated. Eli
Whitney's patent was not validated until 1807.
Fact 15: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The invention of the Cotton Gin was
a great success. Eli's plan was not to manufacture his machine, but to offer a
service for cleaning cotton. The Eli Whitney Cotton Gin separated the fibers
from the seed ten times faster than slaves could do by hand. He was unable to
keep up with the demand.
Fact 16: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The simplicity of the Cotton Gin
design and the delay in having his patent validated led to others copying his
machine. They sold their gins at a handsome profit. Eli Whitney issued patent
infringement lawsuits but the costs consumed his profits and his business
collapsed in 1797.
Fact 17: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The invention of the Cotton Gin
which automated the seed separation process made cotton production more
profitable, increased trade and bolstered the economy of the Southern states.
Fact 18: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The invention of the Eli Whitney
Cotton Gin inadvertently invigorated the slave trade.
Fact 19: Who invented the Cotton Gin? The invention of the Cotton Gin
transformed Southern agriculture and although Eli Whitney did not become rich he
did become very famous.
Fact 20: Who invented the Cotton Gin? In 1817 Eli Whitney married
Henrietta Edwards, the daughter of Pierpont Edwards, head of the Democratic
Party in Connecticut. His marriage opened the door to some of the most men of
the age and these connections ensured that his new arms business was successful.
The couple had four children and Eli Whitney lived in comfort and security until
Fact 21: Who invented the Cotton Gin? Eli Whitney died on January 8, 1825
of prostate cancer. He was buried in New Haven, Connecticut.
Fact 22: Who invented the Cotton Gin? Eli Whitney invented other items
but his name will always be remembered in history as the inventor of the cotton
gin who made a major contribution to the