Fact File about the Invention of the Diesel Engine: Invention *** Date of Invention: 1893 *** Name of Inventor: Rudolf Diesel *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1858 - 1913 *** Nationality of Inventor: German *** Historical Period: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914) *** Category: Transportation *** Country of Origin: Germany *** Facts about the Inventor
and his invention ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Diesel Engine? The Diesel Engine was invented by
Rudolf Diesel in 1893 during the Second US Industrial Revolution era of
inventions (1850 - 1914).
Fact 2: Who invented the Diesel Engine? Prior to the invention of the
Diesel Engine in 1893, the internal
combustion engine which ran on petroleum gas, rather than steam, had been
invented by Nikolaus Otto in 1876.
Fact 3: Who invented the Diesel Engine? In 1886 the German
inventor Karl Benz is credited with inventing the first true
gasoline car and the Automobile Industry really took off sparking advances and
innovations in the car industry.
Fact 4: Who invented the Diesel Engine? The inventor of the Diesel Engine, Rudolf Diesel, was born on March 18, 1858 in Paris, France and died on September 29, 1913.
Fact 5: Who invented the Diesel Engine? The early years of Rudolf Diesel
were spent in Paris, France where he was raised by his family. He was the son of
Theodor Diesel, a leather worker, and his mother was Elise Strobel.
Fact 6: Who invented the Diesel Engine? Rudolf Diesel was educated at
Technical University of Munich but was unable to graduate in his 1879 class
because he was seriously ill with typhoid fever. He was sent to Switzerland to
convalesce and during this period spent his time at the engineering of the
Sulzer Brothers Machine Works in Winterthur.
Fact 7: Who invented the Diesel Engine? Following his recovery from
typhoid he returned to the Technical University of Munich and earned his degree
Fact 8: Who invented the Diesel Engine? His first job was working with
Carl von Linde (1842 - 1934), his former tutor at Technical University of
Munich, who had invented the refrigerator on
1876. Rudolf joined his engineering team at "Linde's Ice Machine Company"
and within a year was appointed as director of Linde' ice making plant.
Fact 9: Who invented the Diesel Engine? In 1883, Rudolf married Martha
Flasche and the couple had two sons Rudolf Jr. and Eugen, and a daughter called
Fact 10: Who invented the Diesel Engine? Rudolf was fascinated by all
aspects of new technology especially in relation to the development of the
internal combustion engine which was pioneered by men such as Jean Joseph
Etienne Lenoir, Nikolaus Otto and Nicholas Carnot.
Fact 11: Who invented the Diesel Engine? Rudolf was particularly
interested in the work of the French physicist Nicholas Carnot who had written a
book on steam engines and produced theories on
the maximum efficiency of heat engines.
Fact 12: Who invented the Diesel Engine? Rudolf became convinced that he
could produce a more efficient engine and in 1892 was granted a patent for his
still theoretical design. By 1893 he had built a one-cylinder engine that used
peanut oil as fuel.
Fact 13: Who invented the Diesel Engine? In 1897 Rudolf introduced the
first 25-horsepower 4-stroke one-cylinder compression engine which was displayed
in the 1898 Munich Exhibition. His invention a new type of internal combustion
engine with a compression ignition mechanism that did not require complex spark
Fact 14: Who invented the Diesel Engine? He was granted patents for his
design in Germany and other countries, including the United States. U.S.
Patent 542,846 was granted on July 16, 1895 for the "method of and apparatus for
converting heat into work" and U.S. Patent 608,845 on August 9, 1898 for
"Improvements in Internal-Combustion Engines"
Fact 15: Who invented the Diesel Engine? Diesel originally designed his
invention to use coal dust as fuel but was eventually reworked to use liquid
fuel obtained from petroleum distillation.
Fact 16: Who invented the Diesel Engine? The simple design of the Diesel Engine
and its high efficiency made his invention an immediate commercial success and
used to make diesel-engine locomotives and railcars, submarines and ships. It
was not until the 1930's that the diesel-engines were used in automobiles.
Fact 17: Who invented the Diesel Engine? The success of his invention
prompted Rudolf to claim that his engines would replace all other forms of
motive power including steam and gasoline engines.
Fact 18: Who invented the Diesel Engine? Rudolf's outspoken remarks
resulted in criticism and made him enemies from competitors in the industry
Fact 19: Who invented the Diesel Engine? Rudolf Diesel died on September 29, 1913
in the most mysterious of circumstances. He had boarded the steamer 'Dresden' en
route to London to attend the Consolidated Diesel Manufacturing meeting, had
dinner and retired to his cabin at 10pm. He was never seen again - he had
Fact 20 - Impact: His mysterious death led to a variety of conspiracy
theories including suicide and murder. The circumstances surrounding his strange
death has never been solved.