Fact File about the Invention of
Donuts: Invention: Donut *** Date of Invention:
1867 *** Name of Inventor:
Hanson Gregory *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1832 - 1921 *** Nationality of Inventor:
American *** Historical Period: Industrial Revolution *** Category: Food
and Drink *** Country of Origin: America ***
Facts about the Inventor, Hanson Gregory, and the invention of Donuts ***
Fact 1: Who invented
Donuts? The Legend: The donut legend tells that
Hanson Gregory impaled fried dough cakes on the ship's steering wheel
(helm) for easy access to the snack. and the idea of the ring
doughnut, with its famous round hole, was born.
Fact 2: Who invented Donuts? The Name: There was a problem with the
original ball-shaped doughnut. The deep frying method of the cakes often
resulted on the inside of the cake being raw. To address this problem
some early cooks put hazelnuts or walnuts in the center of the cake -
hence the name "dough-nuts".
Fact 3: Who invented Donuts? The Ring Donut: Ring Donuts were
invented by Hanson Gregory of Rockport, Maine in 1867 and this style of
cake resolved the problem of raw, uncooked dough at the center of the
cakes. In the spring of 1848 he requested that a little bakery in nearby
Camden, Maine to make a special batch of ring doughnuts for his next
voyage. There are now 110 different varieties of Hanson Gregory's basic
Fact 4: Who invented
Donuts? Prior to the invention of the American Ring Donuts the
ball-shaped type of fried cake was found in most civilizations across the
world in ancient times. The early Native American Indians created their own
form of doughnuts and similar ancient fried cakes were found in Europe,
Africa and the Far East.
Fact 5: Who invented
Donuts? Each country had their own names for doughnuts. In Morocco they
are called "Sfenj" (from the Arabic word 'Safanja' meaning sponge). In China
"Youtiao", also known as Chinese oil sticks, were the names of small fied
cakes traditionally eaten at breakfast with milk and sugar.
Fact 6: Who invented Donuts?
A round deep-fried jelly or custard doughnut, called a "sufganiyah" is
eaten in Israel and around the world on the Jewish festival of Hanukkah.
Fact 7: Who invented Donuts? In the Philippines "Binangkal" is the
name given to simple fried dough balls covered in sesame seeds or
Fact 8: Who invented Donuts? Doughnut were popular across all the
countries in Europe. Especially popular at carnivals and the New Year in
Austria, Germany and Switzerland are the "Berliner Pfannkuchen", a
solid, ball-shaped doughnut filled with apricot jam or marmalade. The
word 'Berliner' is translated as "jelly doughnut". Various varieties of
the popular "Berliner" are also available in bakeries across Slovenia,
the Ukraine, the Czech Republic, the Netherlands and Scandinavia.
Fact 9: Who invented Donuts? In France the "Beignet" is the name of
a deep-fried choux pastry. Donuts (doughnuts) in Quebec and elsewhere in
Canada are referred to as Beignets in French.
Fact 10: Who
invented Donuts? In the Netherlands, "oliebollen", often referred to
as "Dutch doughnuts", are a type of fritter, with or without raisins or
currants, and usually sprinkled with powdered sugar. Other doughnuts
from Holland were known as "olykoeks", or oily cakes.
Fact 11: Who
invented Donuts? In England there was an old custom to prepare fried
sweet cakes on All Hallows Eve (Halloween) which were eaten when
bonfires were built to scare away witches.
Fact 12: Who
invented Donuts? The traditional recipes for various types of
doughnuts were brought to the New World by immigrants starting a new
life in America.
Fact 13: Who
invented Donuts? One of the early immigrants to New York was a Dutch
woman called Anna Joralemon who opened the first hole-less
doughnut shop in the United States on Broadway near Maiden Lane. Mrs.
Joralemon, by all accounts a large woman, was known by the nickname of
the "Big Doughnut".
Fact 14: Who
invented Donuts? In 1892 Ellis Island opened and many immigrants are
welcomed to America by members of the Salvation Army with a cup of
coffee and a jelly doughnut.
Fact 15: Who
invented Donuts? The Salvation Army played another significant role
on the history of donuts when 250 women from the Salvation Army went to
France in 1917 to set up canteens and as a morale booster to the
American Expeditionary Force during WW1 (1914 - 1918). The female
volunteers, known as "Doughnut Girls", provided coffee, candy and donuts
to American soldiers who fought in the trenches.
Fact 16: Who invented Donuts? In 1920 Adolph Levitt, the founder of
the Doughnut Machine Corporation of America, introduced the automatic
doughnut shaper. Adolph Levitt was also credited with being the first to
change the spelling of the word from doughnuts to donuts.
Fact 17: Who
invented Donuts? After the Great War the popularity of doughnuts
increased still further as a tasty snack. However the Great Depression
(1929 - 1939) witnessed a rise in the importance of donuts as a cheap
Fact 18: Who invented Donuts? In 1938 the Salvation Army suggested
that the first Friday in June to celebrate National Donut Day, as a
tribute to the "Doughnut Girls" who served the fried confection to
soldiers during World War I, both abroad and upon their return. Many
American donut stores offer free donuts on National Donuts Day.
Fact 19: Who invented Donuts? During WW2 (1939 - 1945), Red Cross
Volunteers distributed doughnuts to the troops and were given the
nickname of "Doughnut Dollies".
Fact 20: Who
invented Donuts? In 1937 Vernon Rudolph began selling Krispy Kreme
donuts to local grocery stores in Old Salem in North Carolina.
invented Donuts? In 1950 Dunkin’ Donuts was founded by William
Rosenberg in Quincy, Massachusetts.
Fact 18: Who invented Donuts? American Donut shops have been
described as a "national institution" and an unofficial national food.
Fast Info and Fact File: Country of Origin: America *** Name of Inventor:
Hanson Gregory *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Date of Invention:
1867 *** Invention:
Donuts *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1832 - 1921 *** Invention Era:
Industrial Revolution *** Type: Food and Drink *** The Inventor and Invention of