Fact File about the Invention of Dynamite: Invention: Dynamite *** Date of Invention:
1867 *** Name of Inventor: Alfred Nobel *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1833 - 1896 *** Nationality of Inventor: Swedish *** Historical Period: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914)*** Country of Origin: Sweden *** Facts about the Inventor, Alfred Nobel, and the invention of
Fact 1: Who invented Dynamite? The Dynamite was invented by Alfred Nobel in
1867 during the Second US Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1850 - 1914).
Fact 2: Who invented Dynamite? Prior to the invention of Dynamite in 1867, there was
not a safe way to handle nitroglycerin, a heavy yellow poisonous oily explosive
liquid, made by the action of nitric acid on glycerin in the presence of
sulphuric acid. Nitroglycerin was an extremely unstable and terribly explosive
that led to numerous fatal accidents and explosions that inflicted horrendous
Fact 3: Who invented Dynamite? Working with explosives was dangerous
business requiring workers to drill a hole and placing either black powder, aka
gunpowder, or liquid nitroglycerin in the opening and lighting a fuse.
Fact 4: Who invented Dynamite? Black Powder: Black powder, usually known
as gunpowder, was the first chemical explosive invented by the Chinese and
described in a military document dated 1044 during the Song Dynasty (9601279).
The basic components of black powder (gunpowder) are saltpeter, potassium
nitrate, sulfur and charcoal. Black powder was used by gold prospectors during
the California Gold Rush (18481855) for blasting, as a military explosive in
the American Civil War (1861 - 1865), for building the Transcontinental Railroad
(1863 - 1869) and in mining industries.
Fact 5: Who invented Dynamite? Nitroglycerine: Nitroglycerin was the
first practical explosive produced that was stronger than black powder. In 1847
Nitroglycerin was discovered by the Italian chemist Ascanio Sobrero (October 12,
1812 May 26, 1888). Ascanio Sobrero had warned vigorously against the use of
the volatile Nitroglycerin, because it was so dangerous to handle.
Fact 6: Who invented Dynamite? The events of the 1860's, the Civil War
and construction of the Transcontinental Railroad, led to the common use of
Black powder and Nitroglycerin as explosives. Black powder was used in various
weapons such as rifles, pistols and cannons and Nitroglycerin was generally used
in construction work.
Fact 7: Who invented Dynamite? TNT: Although TNT (Trinitrotoluene) was
first invented in 1863 by German chemist Julius Wilbrand (August 22, 1839 June
22, 1906) it was only originally used as a yellow dye. The explosive properties
of TNT were only discovered by German chemist, Carl Haussermann in 1891.
Fact 8: Who invented Dynamite? Alfred Nobel wanted to find a safe way to
handle nitroglycerin which led to his invention of dynamite. The word Dynamite
was derived from the Greek word 'dynamis' meaning "power".
Fact 9: Who invented Dynamite? The inventor of Dynamite, Alfred Nobel, was born on 21 October 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden and died on 10 December 1896.
Fact 10: Who invented Dynamite? The early years of Alfred Nobel were spent in Stockholm, Sweden where he was raised by his family.
He was the third son of Immanuel Nobel, an inventor and engineer and Carolina
Andriette Nobel who had eight children.
Fact 11: Who invented Dynamite? Alfred Nobel was educated at the
Jacobs Apologistic School in Stockholm. In 1837 Nobel's father moved to Saint
Petersburg in Russia where he became a manufacturer of machine tools and
explosives and was joined by his family in 1842.
Fact 13: Who invented Dynamite? Immanuel Nobel became a successful man in
Russia and Alfred Nobel benefited by being educated by private tutors. His
passions were science and chemistry.
Fact 14: Who invented Dynamite? Alfred Nobel continued his studies by
traveling abroad. He met Ascanio Sobrero, the inventor of Nitroglycerin, in
Paris and then went to the United States to study chemistry and met the
inventor John Ericsson, who would go on to design the American Civil War
ironclad, the USS Monitor.
Fact 15: Who invented Dynamite? The Nobel factory in Russia prospered
producing armaments for the Crimean War (1853 - 1856) but his parents returned
to Sweden in 1859 leaving their second son, Ludvig Nobel, in charge of the
Russian factory. His father opened another armaments factory in Heleneborg,
Sweden. In 1864 a terrible disaster struck the family when an explosion at the
Nobel factory killed his younger brother, Emil Oskar Nobel, and several other
Fact 16: Who invented Dynamite? The tragedy made Alfred Nobel determined
to find a safer was of handling explosives. In 1866 he discovered that mixing
nitroglycerine with silica would turn the liquid into a malleable paste that
could be fashioned into a cylinder shape for easy insertion into the drilling
holes used for construction and mining. He also invented a detonator, or
blasting cap, for detonating the nitroglycerin.
Fact 17: Who invented Dynamite? Alfred Nobel succeeded in his goal of
producing a safer type of explosive and, in 1867, he patented a mixture of
nitroglycerin and an absorbent substance, producing what he named "Dynamite.".
The patent number was US 78317 for an 'Improved explosive compound' - Dynamite.
Fact 18: Who invented Dynamite? Alfred Nobel went on to improve his invention of Dynamite
by changing the detonator so that the dynamite could be ignited by lighting a
fuse. In 1875, Alfred Nobel went on to invent blasting gelatine, which was more
stable and powerful than dynamite, which was patented on March 22, 1889, patent
Fact 19: Who invented Dynamite? Alfred Nobel's invention of dynamite and
other explosives made him a multi-millionaire. In total, Alfred Nobel held 355
patents in the fields of electrochemistry, optics, biology, and physiology.
Fact 20: Who invented Dynamite? Alfred Nobel stipulated in his last will
and testament that 94% of his total assets should go toward the creation of an
endowment fund to honor the discoveries and achievements of notable men and
women whose work helps humanity.
Fact 21: Who invented Dynamite? Alfred Nobel died from a stroke on 10
December 1896 and was buried in Norra begravningsplatsen in Stockholm.
Fact 22: Who invented Dynamite? Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite,
left 31,225,000 Swedish kronor, roughly equivalent to 300 million U.S. dollars,
to fund the Nobel Prizes. Nobel Prizes are awarded for science, physics,
chemistry, medicine, literature and peace.