Definition of Electricity: Electricity is
defined as a form of energy, a physical phenomenon occurring in nature, associated with stationary or moving electrons and protons. The energy, called electricity is made available by the flow of an electric current or charge through a conductor.
Definition of Static Electricity: Definition: Static electricity is the
build-up of an electrical charge on the surface of an object. When electricity
gathers in one place it is known as static electricity. Electricity that moves
from one place to another is called current electricity. An example of static
electricity is when you run a balloon against your jumper it sticks like a
magnet. This occurs because rubbing the balloon gives it an electric charge (a
small amount of electricity). You can get an electric shock by touching nylon or
something metal like a door knob.
Fact 1: Who invented Electricity? Prior to the power of artificial
electricity winter was a dark, gloomy, grimy, cold place lit or heated by wood,
charcoal, coal, oil of gas. Imagine the changes in your life if you lived in a
world without electricity. Consider a world without all of the electrical
appliances that make life easier and more comfortable and you will have some
idea why artificial electricity is so important.
Fact 2: Who invented Electricity? Thales of Miletus: People have been
aware of the existence of static electricity for thousands of years. In 600BC a
Greek mathematician and astronomer called Thales of Miletus noticed that when
amber was rubbed with silk it attracted feathers and similar light objects. In
this way Thales of Miletus had discovered static electricity.
Fact 3: Who invented Electricity? William Gilbert: The word 'electricity'
was invented in 1600 by William Gilbert (1544 - 1603), an Elizabethan scientist
and physician to Queen Elizabeth I. William Gilbert derived the new word from
the Greek word 'elecktra' meaning amber in honor of the discovery of Thales of
Miletus. William Gilbert was the first person to describe the earth's magnetic
field and to recognize that there is a relationship between magnetism and
Fact 4: Who invented Electricity? Francis Hauksbee: In 1705 Francis
Hauksbee (1666-1713) invented an electrostatic generator that allowed him to
create "static electricity". The Hauksbee electrostatic generator consisted of a
glass globe which could be rotated rapidly by a hand-cranked wheel. This made it
possible to generate an electric charge by rubbing the glass globe with a cotton
Fact 5: Who invented Electricity? Benjamin Franklin: In 1752 Benjamin
Franklin, using his famous kite experiment, was able to prove that electricity
could be harnessed from lightning. Benjamin Franklin went on to invent the
Fact 6: Who invented Electricity? Alessandro Volta: In 1800 Alessandro
Volta (1745 - 1827) invented a charge-generating machine called the 'Voltaic
Pile', the forerunner of the modern battery, that provided a source of
continuous current. Any practical use of electricity required a source of
continuous current. The invention of the Voltaic Pile battery was crucial
to the invention of artificial electricity and future research on
electromagnetism (the interaction of electric currents or fields and magnetic
fields). The words volt and voltage were derived from the name of Alessandro
Fact 7: Who invented Electricity? Sir Humphry Davy In 1801 Sir Humphry
Davy (1778 - 1829), using the 'Voltaic Pile' battery, discovered that when he
passed an electric current through some substances they decomposed. This process
later became known as electrolysis. Experiments with electrolysis enabled
Sir Humphry Davy to discover six elements; sodium, potassium, magnesium,
calcium, barium and strontium.
Fact 8: Who invented Electricity? Hans Christian Oersted: In 1820 the
Danish inventor Hans Christian Oersted (1777 - 1851) discovered that electric
currents create magnetic fields. It was the first connection found between
electricity and magnetism.
Fact 9: Who invented Electricity? Michael Faraday: In 1821 Michael
Faraday (1791-1867) discovered that when a magnet is moved inside a coil of
copper wire, a tiny electric current flows through the wire. It was an important
discovery because it led to the invention of electric motors.
Fact 10: Who invented Electricity? Thomas Johann Seebeck: In 1821
the German physicist Thomas Johann Seebeck discovered Thermoelectricity, the
name given to electricity that is generated by heat.
Fact 11: Who invented Electricity? Andre Ampere: In 1826 Andre Ampere
(1775 -1836) published his theories about electricity and magnetism explaining
the electro-dynamic theory. The unit of electric current called an 'Amp' was
named after Andre Ampere.
Fact 12: Who invented Electricity? Georg Ohm: In 1827 Georg Ohm
(1789 -1854) Georg Ohm published his complete mathematical theory of
electricity. Ohm's Law deals with the relationship between voltage and current
in an ideal conductor. The Standard International (SI) unit of electrical
resistance called the 'Ohm' is named after him.
Fact 13: Who invented Electricity? Sir Charles Wheatstone: In 1834 Sir
Charles Wheatstone (1802 -1875) invented the Wheatstone bridge, a device
that accurately measured electrical resistance.
Fact 14: Who invented Electricity? Samuel Morse: In 1837 Samuel Morse
(1791-1872) invented the first electrical Telegraph and Morse Code. The
telegraph system transmitted signals by using an electrical device consisting of
a machine to send signals by a wire to a receiving machine.
Fact 15: Who invented Electricity? Alexander Graham Bell: In 1876
Alexander Graham Bell (1847 - 1922) invented of the Telephone using electricity
to transmit speech for the first time.
Fact 16: Who invented Electricity? Thomas Edison: In 1879 Thomas Edison
(1847 - 1931) invented the first practical incandescent light bulb and built
electric powered generating stations to power electricity.
Fact 17: Who invented Electricity? James Wimshurst: In 1882 British
inventor James Wimshurst (1832 - 1903) invented the Wimshurst machine which was
able to produce static electricity easily and reliably.
Fact 18: Who invented Electricity? Nikola Tesla: In 1888 Nikola Tesla
(1856 - 1943) developed an AC (alternating current) motor and a system of AC
power generation that became the established power supply in the United States.
Nikola Tesla also invented the Telsa Coil producing produce extremely high
frequency current that enabled him to to develop some of the first neon
and fluorescent lights.
Fact 19: Who invented Electricity? Sir Charles Parsons: In 1884
Sir Charles Parsons (1854 - 1931) built the turbine engine which he used to
drive an electrical generator. Turbine driven generators were introduced to
produce electricity in 1890.
Fact 20: Who invented Electricity? Heinrich Hertz: In 1886 Heinrich Hertz
(1857 - 1894) produced and detected electric waves in the atmosphere.
Fact 21: Who invented Electricity? J. J. Thomson: In 1897 J. J. Thomson
(Sir Joseph John Thomson: 1856 - 1940 ) discovered the electron.
Fact 22: Who invented Electricity? Albert Einstein: In 1905 Albert
Einstein (1879 - 1955) proved that light energy could be used to produce
electricity, the idea behind photovoltaic cells.
Fact 23: The great inventions during Industrial Revolution in the Age of
Electricity led to the invention of the Refrigerator, the Electric Light,
Electric Iron, the Washing Machine, the Electric Blanket, the
Phonograph and many, many more.