Fact File about the Invention of the Franklin Stove: Invention: Franklin
Stove *** Date of Invention:
1742 *** Inventor *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1706 - 1790 *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Historical Period: First US Industrial Revolution (1700 - 1860) *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor and the invention ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Franklin Stove? The Franklin Stove was invented by
Benjamin Franklin in 1742 during the First US Industrial Revolution era of
inventions (1700 - 1860). He also invented Bifocals and the
Fact 2: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Prior to the invention of the
Franklin Stove in
1742, the majority of people in Colonial America warmed their homes by building
a fire in a fireplace, which was inefficient, could be dangerous and used a lot
Fact 3: Why was the Franklin Stove invented? Benjamin Franklin lived in
Boston, Massachusetts, which had a history of local shortages of firewood that
dated back to the first colonists.
Fact 4: Why was the Franklin Stove invented? John Winthrop, who founded
the Massachusetts Bay Colony, wrote in his journal about a firewood shortage in
1638 that resulted in a wood gathering expedition to Spectacle Island that
resulted in one death and several cases of frostbite. Wood supplies continued to
dwindle in Massachusetts and Benjamin Franklin became determined to use
technology that would burn fuel cheaply, safely and more efficiently.
Fact 5: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Benjamin Franklin, was born in Boston,
Massachusetts, on January 17, 1706 and died on April 17, 1790.
Fact 6: Who invented the Franklin Stove? The early years of Benjamin Franklin were spent in Boston,
Massachusetts where he was the 15th child of a family of 17 children..
His parents were Josiah Franklin and Abiah Folger Franklin. The young Benjamin Franklin attended Boston Latin School for
only two years and educated himself through reading.
Fact 7: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Ben started work in his father's
candle shop when he was just ten
years old and at the age of twelve years he was then apprenticed to his brother James printing
shop in Boston. Ben had access to numerous books via the printers, became extremely well read
and developed a passion for politics and science.
Fact 8: Who invented the Franklin Stove? In 1726 Ben established his
own printing business and eventually became a successful and wealthy man. He had time to pursue
both his political and scientific interests and in 1742, at the age of 36,
he created his first major invention, the "Pennsylvania fireplace" which would
later become known as the Franklin stove.
Fact 9: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Due to the firewood shortage
that was threatening so many colonists Ben put his mind to using his scientific
knowledge to replace the open fires in fireplaces with a more efficient, cost
effective type of heat.
Fact 10: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Ben's stove was like a
metal-lined fireplace a hollow baffle near the back to transfer more heat from
the fire to the room's air and an "inverted siphon" to draw the fire's hot fumes
around the baffle.
Fact 11: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Ben was inspired by the works
of two scientists and inventors: Franz Kessler and Jean Desaguiliers.
Fact 12: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Franz Kessler (c. 1580–1650)
had invented an inverted siphon in 1618 and Jean Desaguiliers had established
that metals such as cast iron could be used instead of masonry in a fireplace,
radiating heat into a room.
Fact 13: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Ben included both ideas into
his "Pennsylvania fireplace" which featured a flue that acted as an upside-down
siphon and a hollow baffle, a metal panel, that directed the flow of the fire's
Fact 14: Who invented the Franklin Stove? The inclusion of metal baffles
increased its heating efficiency. A 'Baffle' is a deflector, such as a plate or
wall, arranged across a furnace or boiler flue to mingle the hot gases and
deflect them against the substance to be heated.
Fact 15: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Cool air entered through a hole
in the bottom cast iron plate (Baffle). The cool air warmed in the air box,
which was heated by wood burning in the fireplace.
Fact 16: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Heated air entered the room by
means of ventilated cast iron side plates.
Fact 17: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Ben's "Pennsylvania fireplace"
was successful but there was a flaw in the design due to smoke. The stove was
designed so that smoke came out from the bottom of the fireplace before
ascending in the flue. However, the smoke was unable descend unless the floor
was relatively warm, which resulted in the smoke backing up into the stove and
straight into the room. In the 1790's another inventor from Philadelphia David
R. Rittenhouse improved the design of the Franklin Stove by adding an L-shaped
Fact 18: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Enthused by his ideas for new
inventions Ben founded the
American Philosophical Society in 1743 to encourage scientists and inventors to discuss their
discoveries and theories.
Fact 19: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Ben went on to invent
invented the lightning rod conductor in 1747 as part of his
of electricity. Another of his inventions were
Bifocal spectacles that he invented in 1784.
Fact 20: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Ben retired from printing
in 1747 and began to manufacture some of his new inventions. His free time
allowed became involved
in politics and on n July 4, 1776 he was one of the
56 delegates to the Continental Congress, who signed the Declaration of
Fact 21: Who invented the Franklin Stove? Benjamin Franklin died on May 14, 1790 in
Philadelphia, at the age of 84. He is remembered as a Founding Father of the United States of
America, a great statesman and a famous inventor whose inventions included the
Lightening Rod, Bifocals and the iconic
Fact File: Country of Origin:
United States *** Name of Inventor: Benjamin Franklin *** Nationality of
Inventor: American *** Date of Invention: 1742 *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1706 - 1790 *** Invention Era: First US Industrial
Revolution (1700 - 1860) *** The Inventor and the Invention ***