Fact File about the Invention of Modern Frozen Food: Invention: mModern Frozen Food *** Date of Invention: 1922 *** Name of Inventor: Clarence Birdseye *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1886 - 1956 *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Historical Period: Interwar (1918 - 1939) *** Category: Food and Drink *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor, Clarence Birdseye, and the invention of
modern Frozen Food ***
Fact 1: Who invented Frozen Food? The quick freezing method for producing
Frozen Food was invented by Clarence Birdseye in 1922 during the Interwar Era of
inventions (1918 - 1939).
Fact 2: Who invented Frozen Food? Prior to the invention of quick
freezing method for Frozen Food in 1922, conventional food preservation
techniques such as drying (curing), fermentation, smoking, sugaring, pickling,
salting, canning were used to store food for future consumption.
Fact 3: Who invented Frozen Food? Traditional food preservation methods
resulted in changes of taste, color, texture whereas freezing has little or no
effect on the properties of food.
Fact 4: Who invented Frozen Food? The durable properties of frozen food
were discovered in prehistoric times when food was stored in caves and
accidentally frozen. However the ability to freeze food without spoiling it was
not controlled by man, it was dependent on the weather or on natural resources
such as ice.
Fact 5: Who invented Frozen Food?
The invention of
Ice Cream was made
c. 200 BC in Ancient China using a mixture of flour,
camphor, water buffalo milk and ice.
It was an extremely expensive process and slaves were sent into the mountains to
collect snow and ice and quickly transport it back to the ice cellars of the
royal palaces so that ice cream could be made. The Chinese went on to experiment
with a process to freeze ice cream using salt and saltpetre (nitre) to lower the
freezing point of ice.
Fact 6: Who invented Frozen Food? The Ancient Greeks and Romans also used
natural ice to create fruit sorbets for extremely wealthy citizens and similar
recipes were used during the Medieval and Renaissance to create cold deserts.
Fact 7: Who invented Frozen Food? In 1626 the English philosopher and
scientist Sir Francis Bacon (1561 - 1626) conducted various experiments on
freezing measuring durability of food and rates of decay. He informed the
King about his his findings on the ability to preserve raw meat through freezing
and recommended the practical benefits of preserving food for warfare or famine.
Sir Francis Bacon died of pneumonia after developing a chill during his snow and
Fact 8: Who invented Frozen Food? In the 1700's Ice houses were built by
the wealthy to store ice throughout the year. The Ice was laboriously chopped
from a lake surface and dragged by sled to the ice houses. The days of ice
harvesting also led to the invention of iceboxes in the early 1800's.
Fact 9: Who invented Frozen Food? In 1861 Enoch Piper of Maine, United
States patented a method of freezing whole fish using pans filled with salt and
ice. In 1869 William Davis developed a method of filling metal boxes with fish
before immersion in an ice and salt mixture.
Fact 10: Who invented Frozen Food? The breakthrough that led to frozen
food happened in the late 1800's during the Age of
Electricity. In Bavaria beer "lagered" in caves packed with ice and in 1873
Carl von Linde (1842 - 1934) invented mechanical refrigeration for beer storage
tanks and went on to invent the Refrigerator in
Fact 11: Who invented Frozen Food? Mechanical refrigeration systems were
used in combination with insulated rooms, fishing vessels and railroad cars for
the storage of frozen food in the 1880's but there were many criticisms
concerning the inferior quality of the food that was being frozen.
Fact 12: Who invented Frozen Food? The inferior quality of the frozen
food led Clarence Birdseye to undertake research into the freezing process and
storage of frozen foods and the invention of his quick freezing method in 1922.
Fact 13: Who invented Frozen Food? The inventor of quick freezing method
for Frozen Food, Clarence Birdseye, was born on December 9, 1886 in Brooklyn, New York City, United States and died on October 7, 1956.
Fact 14: Who invented Frozen Food? The early years of Clarence Birdseye were spent in Brooklyn, New York City, United States where he was raised by his family. Clarence Birdseye was educated at Amherst College
and studied biology but had to drop out in 1910 due to lack of funds.
Fact 15: Who invented Frozen Food? His first job was a government field
naturalist for the U.S. Biological Survey. Clarence Birdseye supplemented his
meagre income with fur trading and 1912 embarked on a 5 year fur-trading
expedition on the Canadian peninsula of Labrador.
Fact 16: Who invented Frozen Food? During the expedition he watched the
native Eskimos freeze food in the winter using ice, wind and cold temperatures
to freeze freshly caught fish instantly. The frozen fish was delicious and
Clarence Birdseye realized that the speed of freezing the fish resulted in the
retention of its freshness until the fish was thawed.
Fact 17: Who invented Frozen Food? When Clarence Birdseye returned home
he began to work on a quick freezing method that would successfully freeze not
only fish but also meat, fruits and vegetables.
Fact 18: Who invented Frozen Food? Clarence Birdseye's research resulted
in several key observations and developments. Tests proved that the method of
quick freezing prevented the loss of quality in many foods and the importance of
maintaining a uniform temperature of -12º centigrade or below during the storage
of frozen food.
Fact 19: Who invented Frozen Food? Clarence Birdseye’s first freezer was
completed in 1924 and founded his frozen-food company, the General Seafood
Corporation. He then went to work freezing his first product which were haddock
Fact 20: Who invented Frozen Food? Clarence Birdseye went on to design
convenient, easy-to-store packaging for retail markets and used his divided name
as his brand creating the Birds Eye label.
Fact 21: Who invented Frozen Food? Clarence Birdseye invented double and
multiple-plate freezing systems to achieve rapid freezing of foods in packaging
for which he was granted 3 patents.
Fact 22: Who invented Frozen Food? The Postum Company bought the General
Seafood Corporation in 1929 renaming the company General Foods Corporation.
General Foods kept the Birds Eye trademark. Clarence Birdseye appointed as a
consultant and as president of Birds Eye Frosted Foods and Birdseye Electric
Company until 1938.
Fact 23: Who invented Frozen Food? Clarence Birdseye went on to create
many other inventions and held over 300 patents when he died on October 7, 1956.
Fact 24: Who invented Modern Frozen Food? The invention of modern frozen
food revolutionized the way we eat. Refrigerators and Freezers became more
affordable and the invention of the Microwave Oven
allowed people to quickly prepare frozen foods at home.