Fact File about the Invention of Gatorade: Invention: Gatorade *** Date of Invention: 1965 *** Name of Inventor: Robert Cade *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1927 - 2007 *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Historical Period: Cold War *** Category: Food and Drink *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor,Robert Cade, and the invention of
Fact 1: Who invented Gatorade? Gatorade was invented in 1965 by Dr. J. Robert Cade
and a team of scientists at the University of Florida College of Medicine.
Fact 2: Who invented Gatorade? Prior to the invention of Gatorade in
1965, there was not a drink that had been specifically designed to replace the
water, salt and minerals lost in sweat during sports games played in high
temperatures with enough sugar to keep the athlete's blood sugar up.
Fact 3: Who invented Gatorade? Such a drink would protect athletes from
heat-related injuries and dehydration.
Fact 4: Who invented Gatorade? The inventor of Gatorade, James Robert Cade, was born on September 26, 1927 in San Antonio, Texas, United States and died on November 27, 2007.
Fact 5: Who invented Gatorade? The early years of Robert Cade were spent in San Antonio, Texas, United States where he was raised by his family. Robert Cade
was educated at Brackenridge High School and continued his education at the
University of Texas, Southwestern Medical School in Dallas, Texas and and
Cornell University Medical College in New York City.
Fact 6: Who invented Gatorade? Following his education Robert Cade was
appointed assistant professor in the renal division in 1961 at the University of
Florida College of Medicine where he also worked as a medical researcher.
Fact 7: Who invented Gatorade? The invention of Gatorade began in 1965
when the assistant football coach of the Florida Gators, Dwayne Douglas, raised
concerns about the effect of the summer Florida heat wave on the performance of
his players. During just one weekend in August 25 of his players had been
admitted to the University's infirmary with heat-related illnesses.
Fact 8: Who invented Gatorade? 37-year-old Robert Cade was well known on
the campus as a sports enthusiast but most importantly he was nephrologist, a specialist in the study of the kidneys and its diseases,
a medical researcher and he had also studied the physiology of exercise. If
anyone was perfect for investigating the problems and resolve the issues
relating to heat exhaustion and dehydration it was Robert Cade.
Fact 9: Who invented Gatorade? Robert Cade worked with a team of
researchers including Dr. Dana Shires, Dr. H. James Free and Dr. Alex de Quesada
and they all enthusiastically embarked on the project which would help the
University's athletes and football players.
Fact 10: Who invented Gatorade? Their investigations provided them with
some startling information. Players were losing up to 18 pounds (8.2 kilograms)
in weight during the Florida Gator's football games and that about 90% of the
loss was water.
Fact 11: Who invented Gatorade? Robert Cade and his team began to
investigate why replacing the water wasn’t enough to hydrate players on the
Fact 12: Who invented Gatorade? It soon became evident that the athletes
were not only losing water when they sweated but they were also losing
electrolytes - salts and minerals such as potassium, calcium, and sodium that
can conduct electrical impulses in the body.
Fact 12: Who invented Gatorade? The doctors also realized that water
could not replenish the carbohydrates the players' bodies used for energy during
the football games. Blood sugar, that the bloodstream carries to all the cells
in the body to supply energy, was not being replaced.
Fact 13: Who invented Gatorade? Robert Cade and his team began work to
develop a drink that contained water, salts, minerals and sugars that
could be absorbed quickly to replace what the players had lost through sweating
Fact 14: Who invented Gatorade? They developed a series of concoctions
that would solve the problem - but it tasted absolutely terrible. Athletes who
tried the concoction said that it tasted worse than sweat and others said it was
like drinking seawater - most choked when they drank the concoction!
Fact 15: Who invented Gatorade? Robert Cade and his team experimented
with various combinations and eventually came up with a a winning formula
consisting of water, sodium, potassium, phosphate, lemon juice and sugar. The
football players and other athletes at Florida University liked the taste but,
more importantly, the beverage proved to be extremely effective.
Fact 16: Who invented Gatorade? The medical team who created the beverage
initially called the drink "Cade's Aid" and distributed the beverage during the
Florida Gator's football team. It was renamed "Gatorade" after the Florida
Gators who had started to gain wins in their games.
Fact 17: Who invented Gatorade? The new sports drink was patented by
Robert Cade who offered his patent rights to the University of Florida. The
University of Florida declined his offer in 1965 but later engaged in a court
battle over royalty rights and eventually struck a deal in 1973 that allowed the
university to reap a share of royalties for Gatorade each year.
Fact 18: Who invented Gatorade? Gatorade gained national attention when
the Florida Gators credited their stamina during their 1967 Orange Bowl win to
Fact 19: Who invented Gatorade? The Stokely-Van Camp company purchased
the rights to Gatorade in 1967 and the drink appeared in supermarkets a year
Fact 20: Who invented Gatorade? Quaker Oats bought the rights in 1983
and began marketing Gatorade nationally.
Fact 21: Who invented Gatorade? In 2001 PepsiCo acquired Quaker Oats and
with it came the rights to Gatorade which went to achieve billions of sales
Fact 22: Who invented Gatorade? Dr. J. Robert Cade died on November 27, 2007
but will always be remembered for his invention of Gatorade.