Definition of the Internet: The Internet is
defined as a global system of thousands of computers and interconnected computer networks that are joined together by a common communications protocol, for transmitting and receiving information, and connected by gateways. The Internet,
described as the "information superhighway", provides access to the World Wide Web for transmission of website pages, e-mails, files and similar electronic data.
None of this would have happened without the Invention of
the Computer by Charles Babbage in 1837 and the ground-breaking work on
computers by Alan Turing and his Turing Machine.
Who owns the Internet? Unlike the various telecommunications networks the
Internet has no owner. The internet consists of a federation of service
providers and educational networks. To become part of the Internet and start
communicating a person only needs to connect a computer to a port on a service
provider's router and obtain an IP address.
Fact 1: Who invented the Internet? Prior to the invention of the Internet and the World Wide Web, books and libraries were the only source of
information, trips to banks and shops were necessary, news was available via the
TV and radio and we communicated with each other by telephone, sending letters
or meeting people face to face. We used paper maps to find our way around and
music was sold on CD's or vinyl.
Fact 2: Who invented the Internet? The invention of the Internet changed
the world and the way we live and provides access to the World Wide Web. The
terms Internet and World Wide Web are often used without distinction but the two
are not the same, as can be seen by the above definition.
Fact 3: Who invented the Internet? ARPA / DARPA: The invention of the Internet
began in 1958 when the United States Department of Defense established an agency
called ARPA short for the Advanced Research Projects Agency. ARPA was
established by the United States during the Cold War in response to the Soviet
launching of Sputnik 1 in 1957 to expand the frontiers of technology and
science. The name of the ARPA organization changed several times notably to
DARPA short for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency. The primary
mission of ARPA was to ensure that U.S. military technology would be more
advanced than that of the nation's enemies.
Fact 4: Who invented the Internet? ARPANET: The Advanced Research
Projects Agency (ARPA) underwrote development for the precursor of the Internet,
known as ARPA-NET. "ARPANET" was the original name of the Internet.
Fact 5: Who invented the Internet? Leonard Kleinrock: The first ideas for
the 'Internet' began to surface when computer scientist Leonard Kleinrock
published a paper entitled "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets" on May
Fact 6: Who invented the Internet? J.C.R. "Lick" Licklider: In August
1962 J.C.R. "Lick" Licklider (1915 - 1990) of Massachusetts Institute of
Technology (MIT) wrote a series of memos discussing the concept of a
"Galactic Network" on which the Internet would be based.
Fact 7: Who invented the Internet? ARPANET: The Advanced Research
Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) began as a modest network of four
interconnected university computers that incorporated the concept of 'Packet
switching' that was designed to enable its users at different locations to
communicate and share resources.
Fact 8: Who invented the Internet? In October 1962 J.C.R. "Lick"
Licklider was appointed head of the ARPANET computer network development program
and Leonard Kleinrock established a laboratory at the University of California
Fact 9: Who invented the Internet? UCLA, SRI, UCSB & UTAH: Four Computer
labs were set up during the development of the ARPANET. Their locations were
at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), Stanford Research Institute
(SRI), the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) and the University of
Fact 10: Who invented the Internet? NCP: Computer Scientists working on
the ARPANET developed core networking protocols called the Network Control
Program (NCP) that connected processes running on different computers.
Fact 11: Who invented the Internet? Packet Switching: The new idea and
concept of 'Packet switching' was developed completely separately from the
ARPANET by British computer scientist Donald Davies (1924 - 2000) and Paul Baran
(1926 - 2011) an American computer networking engineer. 'Packet switching'
was a method of breaking digital message files into small packets. The concept
of 'Packet switching' was a major breakthrough in computer technology.
Fact 12: Who invented the Internet?: In 1966 ARPANET adopted the new idea
of Packet switching creating a small computer network for scientists and
researchers at UCLA, SRI, UCSB and the University of Utah that enabled them to
share one another's computers remotely.
Fact 13: Who invented the Internet? First Internet message: The first
Internet message was sent over the ARPANET from a computer in Leonard
Kleinrock's laboratory at UCLA to a computer at SRI on Friday October 29, 1969
at 10:30 p.m. The first transmission just said "LO" - which was sent as an
attempt at "LOGIN" by Charley S. Kline, a computer scientist who studied at UCLA
under Leonard Kleinrock. However the SRI system crashed before a full message
could be sent. The problem was soon resolved and work on the Internet continued.
Fact 14: Who invented the Internet? Ray Tomlinson and E-Mail: The invention of the
modern Internet took another leap forward in 1971 when Ray Tomlinson (1941 -
2016) developed E-mail on the ARPANET system.
Fact 15: Who invented the Internet? Robert E. Kahn and Vinton Cerf: In
1973 Dr. Vinton Cerf and Dr. Robert Kahn co-invented software code that is used
to transmit data over the Internet referred to as TCP/IP. The Transmission
Control Protocol (TCP) and the Internet Protocol (IP) replaced the earlier NCP
protocol and formed the basic architecture of the modern Internet. TCP/IP set
standards for how data could be transmitted between multiple networks and is
still the primary protocol used on the Internet. The prominent role of TCP/IP on
modern networks have led many people to name Robert E. Kahn and Vinton
Cerf as the inventors of the Internet.
Fact 16: Who invented the Internet? Telenet: In 1974 developed the
first commercial version of the ARPANET called "Telenet" was introduced and
considered to be the first Internet Service Provider (ISP).
Fact 17: Who invented the Internet? Bob Metcalfe and Ethernet: In
1973 Bob Metcalfe developed the idea of Ethernet as a standard way to connect
computers on a network over a wired connection providing a simple interface for
connecting multiple devices, such computers, routers, and switches.
Fact 18: Who invented the Internet? The Modem: In 1977 Dennis Hayes and
Dale Heatherington released the 80-103A Modem (from MOdulator-DEModulator) and
went on to play a major role in the explosion of the internet.
Fact 19: Who invented the Internet? MILNET: In 1983 MILNET was
created separating the Military Network from the ARPANET.
Fact 20: Who invented the Internet? DNS: In 1984 Paul Mockapetris and Jon
Postel introduced the concept of "domain names" requiring "Domain Name Servers".
Prior to 1984 all computers were just addressed by their IP addresses consisting
Fact 21: Who invented the Internet? In 1989, the name "ARPANET" was
retired in favor of the term "Internet".
Fact 22: Who invented the Internet? Tim Berners-Lee - HTML & URL: In 1990
Tim Berners-Lee developed HTML (HyperText Markup Language), the authoring
language used to create electronic documents, and the uniform resource locator (URL). These
two key inventions enabled Tim Berners-Lee to create the
World Wide Web (WWW).
Tim Berners-Lee publicly introduced World Wide Web on August 6, 1991.
Fact 23: Who invented the Internet? World Wide Web: The World Wide Web is
a branch of the Internet which is entered via a computer providing people
access to text, sound, graphics and animation resources across the globe. The
development of the Internet and the World Wide Web heralded the start of the
Technology and Information Age. The invention of the
took a massive leap in 2007 when the iPhone was launched by Steve Jobs making
the World Wide Web accessible while people were on the move, changing our way of