Fact File about the Invention of Ketchup: Invention: Ketchup *** Date of Invention: 1812 *** Name of Inventor: James Mease *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1771 - 1846 *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Historical Period: First US Industrial Revolution (1700 - 1860) *** Category: Food and Drink *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor, James Mease, and the invention of
Fact 1: Who invented Ketchup? Ketchup was invented by James Mease in 1812
during the First US Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1700 - 1860).
Fact 2: Who invented Ketchup? The word 'Ketchup' derives from the Chinese
word 'ke-chiap' meaning "brine of fish" that consisted of pickled fish and
Fact 3: Who invented Ketchup? The Chinese 'ke-chiap' was brought to
England by early European sailors, explorers and merchants during the first half
of the 14th century of the Middle Ages who were involved in the lucrative Spice
Fact 4: Who invented Ketchup? Pickling in a salt brine was the standard
method of preserving fish during the Middle Ages and spices were added to
disguise the salty taste. The Chinese recipe for 'ke-chiap' was used by cooks
preparing food supplies for the long voyage back to Europe.
Fact 5: Who invented Ketchup? The word 'koechiap' was Anglicized as
'Catsup' then as 'Catchup' and finally as 'Ketchup' by the early seamen
and was used in soups and stews to add flavor.
Fact 6: Who invented Ketchup? The first written record of the word
'Ketchup' appeared in 1690 that detailed a vocabulary of slang, called
'Dictionary of the Canting Crew', that was used by vulgar, unsavoury lower
classes such as thieves, beggars and cheats.
Fact 7: Who invented Ketchup? Ketchup was originally a fish sauce but the
word came to be used in English for a wide variety of spiced gravies and sauces
that were used with both fish and meat with mushrooms as a primary ingredient
but at this point in time tomatoes were not used.
Fact 8: Who invented Ketchup? Tomatoes originated from the Andes, in
Peru, Bolivia, Chile and Ecuador and were introduced to the early Spanish
explorers of the New World by the Incas. The Spanish conquistadors took the
seeds across the Atlantic to the Southern Europeans and the quick growing
tomatoes flourished in Meditteranean gardens and kitchens. In Northern Europe it
was a completely different story.
Fact 9: Who invented Ketchup? When Tomatoes were first introduced to
England wealthy people become sick and died after eating them and they were
given the nickname "poison apple". Tomatoes were served to the upper classes on
pewter plates, which were high in lead content. Tomatoes, being high in acid,
would cause the lead to leach into the food, resulting in lead poisoning and
Fact 10: Who invented Ketchup? Most people in England and other Northern
European countries avoided eating tomatoes, the "poison apples", for nearly two
hundred years. However poor people, who ate from wooden plates, never suffered
any ill effects from eating tomatoes.
Fact 11: Who invented Ketchup? Early European immigrants to the American
colonies, many from poor backgrounds, were aware that tomatoes were edible. The
Spanish colonists in 'New Spain' who had settled in the southeastern states of
New Mexico, Arizona, Florida, South Carolina and across the Mississippi River
all enjoyed tomatoes and the scepticism surrounding the tomato slowly
disappeared from the French, British and Dutch colonies of the New World.
Fact 12: Who invented Ketchup? It is therefore not surprising that
the Tomato Ketchup, that we know and love today, was invented by an American.
Fact 13: Who invented Ketchup? The inventor of Ketchup, James Mease, was born on August 11, 1771 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States and died on May 14, 1846.
Fact 14: Who invented Ketchup? The early years of James Mease were spent in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States where he was raised by his family,
his parents were John and Esther (Miller) Mease. James Mease was educated at University of Pennsylvania
and went on to medical school and became a successful physician and author.
Fact 15: Who invented Ketchup? James Mease was well travelled and
demonstrated an interest in history in particular the lives of the "common man"
which he meticulously noted in his journal. James Mease became a prominent
citizen in Philadelphia and his many interests included natural history and
agriculture several agricultural and horticultural societies.
Fact 16: Who invented Ketchup? James Mease married Sarah Butler, the
daughter of South Carolina Senator, Pierce Butler on July 3, 1800 and the couple
went on to have two sons.
Fact 17: Who invented Ketchup? James Mease edited the Domestic
Encyclopedia (1803 - 1804) and wrote that the choicest sauces came from "love
apples" and that they made a fine 'catsup'. Tomatoes had acquired the
nickname "love apples" because, by this time many people believed they were an
Fact 18: Who invented Ketchup? James Mease published the first known
tomato ketchup recipe in 1812. The recipe consisted of unstrained tomato pulp,
spices and brandy but lacked vinegar and sugar. None of the previous recipes for
ketchup included tomatoes. Later manufacturers added vinegar and sugar to the
recipe which helped to preserve the tomato pulp.
Fact 19: Who invented Ketchup? James Mease suspended all of his
publications when the 'Second American Revolution' broke out. He left
Philadelphia and served as a surgeon for nine months during the War of 1812
(June 18, 1812 - December 24, 1814) between the United States of America and
Fact 20: Who invented Ketchup? James Mease survived the war and returned
to Pennsylvania where he spent the rest of his life. He died at his home in
Philadelphia on May 14, 1846 and was buried in the cemetery of Third
Fact 21: Who invented Ketchup? Recipes for tomato ketchup began to appear
in recipe books in America, but it was still commonly referred to as 'catsup'.
The word ketchup was not in common use until the 1870's.
Fact 22: Who invented Ketchup? Jonas Yerkes of New Jersey is credited
with being the first American to bottle ketchup in 1837. Early manufacturers of
the condiment were the Williams Brothers of Detroit and Horace Thurber in New
Fact 23: Who invented Ketchup? F. & J. Heinz launched their tomato
ketchup in 1876 and by this time manufacturers began to differentiate catsup and
ketchup based on quality. Heinz marketed their top quality sauce as 'Keystone
Ketchup' and the bottom of the range as 'Duquesne Catsup'.
Fact 24: Who invented Ketchup? Henry Heinz, like other manufacturers, was
adding mauveine, commonly known as coal-tar, the first synthetic organic
chemical dye to enhance the red coloring his sauce and and sodium benzoate and
benzoic acid was added as a preservative. Henry Heinz became determined to make
his products as pure as possible and in 1904 his chief food scientist, G.F.
Mason, was able to find a good, preservative-free recipe for ketchup complying
with the Pure Food and Drug Act (PFDA) of 1906.
Fact 25: Who invented Ketchup? Heinz tomato ketchup dominated the market
and by 1907, Heinz were producing 13 million bottles every year. In modern times
the number has increased to 650 million bottles every year.
Fact 26: Who invented Ketchup? Tomato ketchup is the most popular type of
condiment ever made, a great accompaniment to fast foods such as
Hamburgers and French
Fries. Tomato ketchup can also be found in 97% of American homes.