Fact File about the Invention of the Microphone: Date of Invention: 1876 *** Name of Inventor: Emile Berliner *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1851 - 1929 *** Nationality of Inventor: German-American *** Historical Period: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914) *** Category: Communications and Technology *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor, Emile Berliner, and
his invention ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Microphone? The Microphone was invented by Emile
Berliner in 1876 during the Second US Industrial Revolution era of inventions
(1850 - 1914).
Fact 2: Who invented the Microphone? The motivation which led Emile
Berliner to the invent the microphone was the invention of the telephone.
Fact 3: Who invented the Microphone? The
Telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876 but produced
terrible sounds and would have not have been capable of surmounting great
distances without the invention of the microphone.
Fact 4: Who invented the Microphone? The inventor of the Microphone, Emile Berliner, was born on May 20, 1851 in Hanover, Germany,
became a United States citizen in 1881. and died on August 3, 1929.
Fact 5: Who invented the Microphone? The early years of Emile Berliner were spent in Hanover, Germany where he was raised by his family
and received a good but basic schooling.
Fact 6: Who invented the Microphone? Following his education he left
Germany and immigrated to the United States in 1870. He worked as a humble shop
assistant but then got a job as a cleaner in laboratory of Constantine Fahlberg,
who later went on to invent saccharine.
Fact 7: Who invented the Microphone? Working in Fahlberg's laboratory he
became fascinated by science and inventions. He realized that he had to learn
more and furthered his education at a night school, avidly reading textbooks on
physics and scientific experiments.
Fact 8: Who invented the Microphone? Emile Berliner was inspired by the
many inventions of the Industrial Revolution and in 1889 attended the Washington
Centennial Celebration in New York City and was able to see the Alexander Graham
Fact 9: Who invented the Microphone? Although amazed at the invention of
the telephone, and inspired by its potential, Emile Berliner realized that the
telephone had adequate sound receivers if they had a strong enough signal
but that they were poor transmitters of sound.
Fact 10: Who invented the Microphone? Despite his basic knowledge of
physics Emile Berliner was convinced he could improve the transmitter.
Fact 11: Who invented the Microphone? Emile Berliner designed a
"loose-contact" carbon microphone, then called a transmitter, which increased
the sound volume and therefore extended the range over which a telephone could
Fact 12: Who invented the Microphone? Emile Berliner's carbon microphone
consisted of two metal plates separated by granules of carbon. One of the metal
plates faced outward and acted as a diaphragm. When sound waves struck the
plate, the pressure on the carbon granules changed, which in turn changed the
electrical resistance between the two metal plates.
Fact 13: Who invented the Microphone? Emile Berliner filed for a patent
on 4 June 1877 for his carbon microphone. However, Thomas Edison had separately
applied for a patent for his carbon diaphragm microphone in March 1877 that
resulted in the two men fighting a long legal battle over the patent rights.
Fact 14: Who invented the Microphone? Emile Berliner finally got his
patent in 1891 and Thomas Edison received his in 1892. The Bell Telephone
Company, founded by Alexander Graham Bell, bought Berliner's microphone patent
Fact 15: Who invented the Microphone? Emile Berliner began working
alongside Thomas Watson (1854 - 1934) to address other problems relating to the
telephone. Emile Berliner introduced the induction coil that greatly increased
the voltage out of the transmitter which, in turn, increased the range of the
Fact 16: Who invented the Microphone? In the late 1893 the U.S. Attorney
General started a case against Emile Berliner and the American Bell company over
the patent. The case was politically motivated by the commercial enemies of the
Bell company and the court found in favor of Thomas Edison.
Fact 17: Who invented the Microphone? In 1894 Emile Berliner resigned
from the Bell Telephone Company in order to begin work on sound recording and
reproduction. He went on to develop his most famous invention of the Gramophone.
Fact 18: Who invented the Microphone? Emile Berliner died on August 3,
1929 but his name will be remembered as the inventor of the Microphone and the