Fact File about the Invention of the Morse Code: Date of Invention: 1838 *** Name of Inventors:
Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail *** Nationality of Inventors: American *** Historical Period: First US Industrial Revolution (1700 - 1860) *** Category: Communications and Information *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventors, Samuel Morse
and Alfred Vail and their invention ***
Fact 1: Who invented Morse Code? Morse Code was invented by Samuel Morse and
Alfred Vail in 1838 during the First US Industrial Revolution (1700 - 1860) era of inventions.
Their invention was
a ground breaking development to the advancement in the field of Communications and Information.
For additional information refer to the Invention of the
Fact 2: Who invented Morse Code? Prior to the invention of the Morse Code
and the telegraph in 1838, there was there was a non-electrical telegraph which
was invented by Claude Chappe in 1794. Chappe's system used a visual
system called semaphore (a flag-based alphabet) that was totally dependent on a
line of sight for communication.
Fact 3: Who invented Morse Code? Samuel Morse, was born on April 27, 1791 in Charlestown, Massachusetts, United States and died on April 2, 1872.
His co-inventor Alfred Vail was born on September 25, 1807 in Morristown, New
Jersey, United States and died on January 18, 1859.
Fact 4: Who invented Morse Code? Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail were driven to such a degree that
they were destined to achieve importance as the American inventors of the Morse Code.
Fact 5: Who invented Morse Code? The early years of Samuel Morse were spent in Charlestown, Massachusetts, United States where he was raised by his family. Samuel Morse was educated at Yale College.
Alfred Vail was educated at public schools and then attended New York University
where he studied theology.
Fact 6: Who invented Morse Code? Both Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail came
from wealthy families. The father of Samuel Morse (Jedidiah Morse) was a
theologian and a a noted geographer. The father of Alfred Vail (Stephen Vail
(1780–1864) was an industrialist and entrepreneur who founded the Speedwell
Fact 7: Who invented Morse Code? Alfred Vail began working in his
father's Ironworks as a machinist, modifying metal parts where he gained
experience in working with blueprints and engineering drawings.
Fact 8: Who invented Morse Code? Samuel Morse started work as a clerk at
his father's book publisher but his passion was art and he to England to attend
the Royal Academy of Arts in London. Samuel Morse went on to become a highly
successful portrait artist.
Fact 9: Who invented Morse Code? Both Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail
developed a great enthusiasm for science and technology. It was the beginning of
the Industrial Revolution and Morse and Vail had the connections to keep abreast
of new inventions. They were both deeply interested in electromagnetism and
Fact 10: Who invented Morse Code? The lives of the men came together
when, on September 2, 1837, Alfred Vail witnessed one of Samuel Morse's early
Fact 11: Who invented Morse Code? Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail struck a
deal to develop the telegraph technology at Speedwell Ironworks
near Morristown, New Jersey.
Vail agreed to develop the project at his own expense (with his father's
financial backing) in return for 25% of the proceeds of Morse's invention of the
Fact 12: Who invented Morse Code? Samuel Morse went on to take
congressman Francis O. J. Smithas a partner and reduced the Vails' share to
one-eighth. Samuel Morse also retained patent rights to everything that Alfred
Fact 13: Who invented Morse Code? Samuel Morse created "relays," where
one electric circuit is used to open and close a switch on another electric
circuit that was located a distance away and discovered how to use the flow of
electric current to make a code that could be sent along the wires.
Fact 14: Who invented Morse Code? It soon became evident that if a man
sending a message at one end of a line of wire pressed down a key, electricity
could be made instantaneously to automatically press down another key at the
'receivers' end of the wire where the receiving machine marked a moving strip of
Fact 15: Who invented Morse Code? Samuel Morse then invented the 'Morse
Key' that could create short and long bursts of electric current (called pulses)
using long or short taps on his Morse-Key machine. He and Vail then decided that
they needed to create a code that could make impressions on the moving strip of
Fact 16: Who invented Morse Code? Alfred Vail and Samuel Morse realized
that if the man at one end of the wire held his key down for only an instant,
the impression on the 'receivers' paper would look like a dot and that if the key was held down a little longer, the impression would look like a short
Fact 17: Who invented Morse Code? Alfred Vail and Samuel Morse started
working on a way to use the dots and dashes to relay messages. The dots and
dashes were combined in a number of different ways so as to represent the
letters of the alphabet. The Morse Code was born - a dot/dash code was used for
each letter of the alphabet . Additional combinations of dots and dashes were
added to the code to represent numbers. With the use of the code the telegraph
could be used to send messages over long distances.
Fact 18: Who invented Morse Code?
telegram was sent
on 11 January 1838, across two
miles of wire at Speedwell Ironworks. The first message in code read "A patient
waiter is no loser"
Fact 19: Who invented Morse Code? Alfred Vail worked on Morse's prototype
telegraph to make it suitable for public demonstration and commercial operation.
Fact 20: Who invented Morse Code?
fangled telegraph system, with its dot/dash code, to a sceptical Congress, but
it took a few years before Congress would fund the new telegraph system.
In 1843 congress provided funds of $10,000
and the first telegraph line ran for 30 miles from Washington, D.C., to
Fact 21: Who invented Morse Code? On May 24, 1844 a telegraph message was
sent from Alfred Vail at the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad asking "What is the news from
Washington?" Samuel Morse, who was in Washington, replied by telegraphing
the latest political news.
Fact 22: Who invented Morse Code?
The invention of the telegraph and the code coincided with the construction of
the railroad across America. The telegraph system carried code signals across the
land by wires supported by telegraph poles. As the land had been cleared for the
railroad it was a simple task to set up telegraph poles alongside the railroad
tracks to carry the telegraph wires.
Fact 23: Who invented Morse Code? Samuel Morse received a patent for the
telegraph in 1847 and Alfred Vail retired from the
telegraph operations in 1848.
Alfred Vail received limited acknowledgement for his
work and as he held such a small percentage of the invention, and Samuel held
all of the rights,
Alfred Vail received realized far less financial gain
from the Telegraph and the Morse Code.
Fact 24: Who invented Morse Code? Alfred Vail
died on January 18, 1859. By 1861
telegraph lines crossed North
America and by 1866, the transatlantic cable connected America to Europe.
Samuel Morse died on April 2, 1872