Fact File about the Invention of Pac Man: Invention: Pac Man *** Date of Invention: 1980 *** Name of Inventor: Toru Iwatani *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1955 - Present *** Nationality of Inventor: Japanese *** Historical Period: Technology and Information Age *** Category: Toys and Games *** Country of Origin: Japan *** Facts about the Inventor, Toru Iwatani, and the invention of
Pac Man ***
Fact 1: Who created Pac Man? Pac Man was created by Toru Iwatani in 1980 during the Technology and Information Age of inventions.
Fact 2: Who created Pac Man? Prior to the invention of Pac Man in 1980,
other popular arcade games like Space Invaders and Space Asteroids had achieved
success with young boys and teenagers. Pac Man was different. It gained a much
wider audience because it appealed to all ages and both sexes.
Fact 3: Who created Pac Man? The inventor of Pac Man, Toru Iwatani, was born on January 25, 1955 in Meguro, Tokyo, Japan.
Fact 4: Who created Pac Man? The early years of Toru Iwatani were spent in Meguro, Tokyo, Japan where he was raised by his family. Toru Iwatani was educated at college in Tokyo
but taught himself subjects relating to computer technology.
Fact 5: Who created Pac Man? As a child Toru Iwatani, like most Japanese
youngsters loved reading 'manga', a style of Japanese comic books and cartoon
strips that were enjoyed by both adults and children. Manga is characterized by
a highly stylized art and this would later influence Toru Iwatani in the style,
colors and design of the Pac Man game and would become an icon of 1980s popular
Fact 6: Who created Pac Man? Following his education Toru Iwatani gained
a position with the computer software company Namco and became involved with the
design of video arcade games. Video arcades, or amusement arcades were extremely
popular venues. In 1978 Space Invaders was released and Atari's Asteroids was
released in 1979, both games were massive hits at arcades, especially with the
young boys and teenagers. The new arcade games revolutionized the gaming
Fact 7: Who created Pac Man? Namco developed the arcade game Galaxian in
1979 which was designed to compete with the success of Space Invaders. Galaxian
was a fixed shooter game involving spaceships and shooting enemies, once again
targetting the market of boys and male teenagers.
Fact 8: Who created Pac Man? Toru Iwatani realized that there was a gap
in the market for an arcade game that had a wider appeal and would be enjoyed by
gamers of all ages and both sexes.
Fact 9: Who created Pac Man? The idea seemed highly logical and could be
made into a great money spinner. Toru Iwatani began to look for inspiration for
the format of the game. His inspiration came when it was most unexpected - at a
pizza parlor of all places.
Fact 10: Who created Pac Man? Having been served with a pizza pie he cut
himself a slice and noticed that when he removed one piece, it looked like a
mouth. His child hood passion for manga and animation made him realize
that he could create a simple, cute icon that could munch on food.
Fact 11: Who created Pac Man? His idea was to have the bright yellow
icon, which he called 'Paku' from the Japanese word meaning "chomp", making its
way through a maze eating power cookies or biscuits along the way enabling
'Paku' or 'Puckman' to defeat his enemies. This idea was inspired by another
favorite cartoon character, Popeye, who ate spinach to give him strength to
defeat his arch enemy Bluto.
Fact 12: Who created Pac Man? The game developers at Namco worked in small
teams and Toru Iwatani put his idea to a programmer called Shigeo Funaki and a
sound and music developer called Toshio Kai to work with him on the project.
Fact 13: Who created Pac Man? The manga inspired graphics were cute and
simple with vibrant colors. Toru Iwatani decided that the 'enemies' should be
referred to as "ghosts" that each used different tactics against 'Puckman'. The
name 'Puckman' was later changed to 'Pac Man' to suit Western audiences.
Fact 14: Who created Pac Man? The four enemies or ghosts in Pac Man had
the names of Blinky, Pinky, Inky and Clyde. What are the color of the ghosts in
Pac man? Obviously Pinky was the pink ghost, Inky was the blue ghost, Blinky was
the name of the red ghost and Clyde was the name of the orange ghost.
Fact 15: Who created Pac Man? All of the ghosts roamed the maze, trying
to catch Pac Man. Blinky, the red ghost, was first to appear shadowing Pac Man
and making sneak charges against the character. Pinky, the pink second ghost was
the speedy ambusher. Inky, the dangerous blue ghost, made surprise attacks and
Clyde, the orange ghost, was often the last to appear and adopted the strategy
of random attack.
Fact 16: Who created Pac Man? Additional bonus food to the power cookies
were made available to Pac Man in the shape of fruits and other icons. Points
were awarded as Pac Man chomped his way through the maze. The power cookies,
often referred to as pac-dots were worth 10 points, Power Pellets, flashing dots
best known as energizers were worth 50 points, Cherry: 100 points, Strawberry:
300 points, Orange: 500 points, Apple: 700 points, Melon: 1000 points, Galaxian
Boss: 2000 points, the Bell: 3000 points and the Key: 5000 points.
Fact 17: Who created Pac Man? The player controlled Pac Man as he chomped
his way through the maze, and when the 244 pac-dots were eaten the player moved
to the next stage.
Fact 18: Who created Pac Man? Pac Man became an instant success, a global
phenomena, that is still one of the most recognized video game characters of all
Fact 18: Who created Pac Man? Toru Iwatani met his objective of creating
a game that appealed to boys, girls, and men and women of all ages. He was
promoted at Namco and 27 years later, in 2007, he developed the Pac Man
Championship Edition for the Xbox 360.
Fact 18: Who created Pac Man? Toru Iwatani left Namco in 2007 to become a
full-time lecturer at Tokyo Polytechnic University.
Fact 18: Who created Pac Man? The 2015 movie 'Pixels' featured computer
animated video game characters including Pac Man. Toru Iwatani made a cameo
appearance in the movie as a repairman of classic arcade game machines.
Fast Info and Fact File: Country of Origin: Japan *** Name of Inventor: Toru Iwatani *** Nationality of Inventor: Japanese *** Date of Invention: 1980 *** Invention:
Pac Man *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1955 - Present *** Invention Era: Technology and Information Age *** Type: Toys and Games *** The Inventor and Invention of
Pac Man ***