Fact File about the Invention of the Polio Vaccine: Invention: Polio Vaccine *** Date of Invention: 1955 *** Name of Inventor: Jonas Salk *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1914 - 1995 *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Historical Period: Cold War *** Category: Medical *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor, Jonas Salk, and the invention of the Polio Vaccine ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? The Polio Vaccine was invented by Jonas Salk in 1955 during the Cold War era of inventions.
Fact 2: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? Prior to the invention of the Polio Vaccine in 1955, there was
no way to prevent the terrible disease and people lived in constant fear of the
highly infectious viral disease that could cause paralysis or even death.
Fact 3: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? In 1789, the British physician
Michael Underwood (1736 - 1820) provided the first clinical description of polio
in 'A Treatise on the Diseases of Children' in the section entitled "Debility of
the Lower Extremities".
Fact 4: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? In 1840, the a German
orthopaedist Jacob Heine (1800 - 1879) published a famous report on the disease
in 1840, describing the clinical features of polio disease and its involvement
with the spinal cord.
Fact 5: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? Major polio epidemics began to
appear in Europe and the United States around 1900. By 1916 there were over
27,000 cases that resulted more than 6,000 deaths due to polio in the United
States. The 1916 epidemic caused major panic, it was treated like a plague, and
families of the infected were quarantined.
Fact 6: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? From 1916 onward Polio epidemics
appeared every year reaching a peak in 1952 when 57,628 cases were reported in
the United States when 3,145 people died of the disease and 21,269 were left
Fact 7: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? Treatments proved to be pretty
ineffectual and paralysis was treated with the help of rigid braces and the use
of calipers, crutches and wheelchairs. The iron lung was invented by Philip
Drinker, Louis Agassiz Shaw, and James Wilson in used in the treatment of polio
victims 1928 and was used in the treatment of polio victims.
Fact 8: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? Franklin D. Roosevelt, the 32nd
President of the United States, was diagnosed with poliomyelitis at the age of
39 years old. FDR was fitted with braces, provided with a wheelchair but made
considerable efforts to conceal this from the public for fear it would damage
his political career.
Fact 9: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? The Australian nurse, Elizabeth
Kenny (1880 - 1952), developed a controversial treatment regimen for the
treatment of polio patients in 1932 when she demonstrated the need to exercise
muscles instead of immobilising the affected limbs in splints.
Fact 10: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? In 1950 William Hammon (1904 -
1989) isolated a an anti-polio antibody serum, containing antibodies against
poliovirus but the treatment was expensive and the immunity provided by the
serum did not last long, and the protection offered by the antibody was
Fact 11: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? The best medical minds had tried
to find ways of combating the Polio disease but all had failed until the
physician and medical researcher Jonas Salk invented the Polio Vaccine in 1955.
Whilst there is still no actual cure for Polio, thanks to inventor Dr. Jonas
Salk there is a way to prevent the disease.
Fact 12: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? The inventor of the Polio Vaccine, Jonas
Edward Salk, was born on October 28, 1914 in New York, New York, United States and died on June 23, 1995.
Fact 13: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? The early years of Jonas Salk were spent in New York, United States where he was raised by his family.
Jonas was the eldest of three sons of Russian-Jewish immigrants Daniel B. and
Doris Press Salk. Jonas Salk was educated at the City College of New York and New York University and
later at the University of Michigan.
Fact 14: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? While attending medical school
at New York University, Jonas Salk was invited to spend a year researching
influenza. His experience influenced Jonas Salk to become a a medical researcher
rather than a practicing physician.
Fact 15: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? Jonas Salk gained his medical
degree from NYU in 1939 and in the same year married Donna Lindsay. In 1942 Dr.
Jonas Salk went to the University of Michigan on a National Research Council
fellowship to study the influenza virus with Dr. Thomas Francis, an
internationally known virologist, a specialist in the study of viruses.
Fact 16: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? Their work on the influenza
virus was considered an important contribution to the war effort - people still
remembered the devastating flu pandemic of 1918, which led to the death of an
estimated 20 million people.
Fact 17: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? After WW2 Jonas Salk joined the
virus research program at the University of Pittsburgh and the young, hard
working doctor became its director of virus research. It was in this role that
Dr. Jonas Salk began to work frantically on developing a polio vaccine in 1952
when the United States was in the grip of the worst Polio epidemic that had ever
been experienced in the country.
Fact 18: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? The invention of the Polio Vaccine
was based on exposure to the virus would provide immunity to the disease. Most
medical researchers of the era worked using a weakened but "live" virus in order
to develop a strain that would only give a mild infection following a
vaccination that would lead to future immunity.
Fact 18: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? Dr. Jonas Salk chose to
work with a "dead" or deactivated virus that would form an antigen, a substance
that would 'trigger' the production of antibodies against any later exposure to
the disease. The Jonas Salk vaccine virus was grown on monkey kidney cells, then
inactivated, or killed, by formaldehyde.
Fact 19: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? Jonas Salk developed the
poliomyelitis vaccine and initial results proved to be extremely positive. The
polio vaccine was then tested nationwide on 220,000 volunteers.
Fact 20: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? News of the success of the polio
vaccine was made public on April 12, 1955 and Dr. Jonas Salk was hailed as a
Fact 21: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? The impact of the poliomyelitis
vaccine was staggering and Dr. Jonas Salk campaigned and for mandatory
Fact 22: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? Dr. Jonas Salk never patented
his polio vaccine, his sole purpose in life was to save the lives of people, he
was not interested in making money. He went on to become a member of an expert
advisory panel of the World Health Organization on virus diseases. The last
years of his life were dedicated to AIDS, trying to develop an immunization that
would help prevent those infected with H.I.V. from developing full-fledged
Fact 23: Who invented the Polio Vaccine? Jonas Salk died of congestive
heart failure on June 23, 1995. He will always be remembered as a great
humanitarian and the inventor of the Polio Vaccine.