Fact File about the Invention of the Potato Chip: Invention: Potato Chip *** Date of Invention: 1853 *** Name of Inventor: George Crum *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1824 - 1914 *** Nationality of Inventor: African-American *** Historical Period: Second US Industrial Revolution (1850 - 1914) *** Category: Food and Drink *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor, George Crum, and the invention of the Potato Chip ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Potato Chip? The Potato Chip was invented by
George Crum in 1853 during the Second US Industrial Revolution era of inventions
(1850 - 1914).
Fact 2: Who invented the Potato Chip? The inventor of the Potato Chip, George Crum, was born
George Speck on July 15, 1824 in Saratoga County, New York, United States and died on July 22, 1914.
Fact 3: Who invented the Potato Chip? George Crum was the son of an
African American named Abraham Speck, his mother was a Mowhawk Native American
Indian called Catherine Speck.
Fact 4: Who invented the Potato Chip? Little is known about his early
life but it was believed that his parents lived on the St. Regis (Akwesasne)
Mohawk reservation in Franklin County, New York.
Fact 5: Who invented the Potato Chip? The reservation was on the border
with Canada, along the St. Lawrence River and a designation of runaway slaves
seeking freedom in Canada.
Fact 5: Who invented the Potato Chip? George Crum received a basic schooling
at a Jesuit mission and was an industrious and inquisitive child.
Fact 6: Who invented the Potato Chip? Following his education took jobs
working as a hunter and then as a guide in the Adirondack Mountains in Upstate
New York. As a hunter and a guide in the Adirondack Mountains he would have
hunted animals such as the white tailed deer, rabbits, fox, raccoon and small
game such as grouse, pheasants, woodcock, snipe and gallinule.
Fact 7: Who invented the Potato Chip? George Crum moved one hundred miles
from the Adirondack Mountain area to the affluent and elegant Saratoga Lake
region and began working in various small restaurants, paying attention to the
activities and skills of the local cooks and chefs.
Fact 8: Who invented the Potato Chip? George Crum specialize in preparing
game birds which were a highlight of the menu for many wealthy customers. His
cooking ability gained George Crum a good reputation and he was employed at a
fashionable Resort Hotel called the Sans Souci in Ballston Spa and the
Montgomery Hall Hotel in Saratoga County.
Fact 9: Who invented the Potato Chip? In 1853 he was also employed by
Cary and Harriet Moon working at the Moon's Lake House on Saratoga Lake, where
legend tells that George Crum invented the crispy potato chip..
Fact 10: Who invented the Potato Chip? Fashionable hotels of the era
popularized "frying potatoes in the French manner" which was made fashionable by
President Thomas Jefferson who requested this dish for a dinner at the White
House. They became known as French Fries.
Fact 11: Who invented the Potato Chip? A particularly stubborn customer,
who turned out to be the super-rich business magnate Cornelius Vanderbilt (1794
- 1877), demanded that his French Fries needed to be thinner and returned his
meal to the kitchen. In an attempt to placate the important customer George Crum
prepared a selection of thinly cut French Fries. The thinnest cut of all
produced delicious, crispy potatoes that met with Vanderbilt's approval - the 'Potato Chip'
had been invented.
Fact 12: Who invented the Potato Chip? George Crum realized that the
ultra thin 'Potato Chip' was just as tasty eaten cold and the next day
served them as a complimentary snack, in paper cones, to the hotel's customers
next to a sign saying "Help Yourself".
Fact 13: Who invented the Potato Chip? News of the new snack spread
across the country and in 1860 George Crum opened his own restaurant on Malta
Avenue near Saratoga Lake, catering to wealthy clients including members of the
Vanderbilt family, Jay Gould, and Henry Hilton. The new snack became known as
Fact 14: Who invented the Potato Chip? In 1895 William Tappendon of
Cleveland, Ohio began making chips and delivering them to neighborhood stores
and the idea of selling the chips in grocery stores was born.
Fact 15: Who invented the Potato Chip? George Crum died on July 22, 1914
a wealthy and successful businessman whose name will always be remembered as the
inventor of the crispy potato chip.
Fact 16: Who invented the Potato Chip? The popularity of the chips
increased in 1925 when Herman Lay invented the mechanical potato peeler which
lead to mass-marketed chips which led to their emergence as a top-selling