Fact File about the Invention of the Refrigerator: Invention: Refrigerator *** Date of Invention: 1876 *** Name of Inventor: Carl von Linde *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1842 - 1934 *** Nationality of Inventor: German *** Historical Period: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914) *** Category: Household Items *** Country of Origin: Germany *** Facts about the Inventor, Carl von Linde, and the invention of the Refrigerator ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Refrigerator? The Refrigerator was invented by Carl von Linde in 1876 during the Second US Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1850 - 1914) which was a breakthrough addition to advancements made in the area of Household Items.
Fact 2: Who invented the Refrigerator? Prior to the invention of the
Refrigerator in 1876, it was possible to have ice delivered but this could only
be afforded by extremely wealthy people who had ice houses or ice boxes.
Fact 3: Who invented the Refrigerator? The majority of people made use
of a 'cool pantry' or a larder to store perishable food and milk for a short
amount of time, approximately 2 days. Others made use of a cool cellar to help
to preserve their food.
Fact 4: Who invented the Refrigerator? Food that perished quickly was
consumed the next day and milk was often delivered on a daily basis. Before the
invention of the refrigerator most ordinary people favored preserved food by
using preservation methods such as pickling, canning, salting, drying or smoking
meat and fish or preserving fruit by making jellies and jam.
Fact 5: Who invented the Refrigerator? The advent of the Industrial
Revolution and the on set of the Age of Electricity
encouraged inventors to look for ways to keep food cold, slowing down the
activity of bacteria so it took longer to spoil the food. Cold temperatures help
food stay fresh longer. The man that is credited with inventing the refrigerator
is Carl von Linde.
Fact 6: Who invented the Refrigerator? The inventor of the Refrigerator, Carl von Linde, was born on June 11, 1842 in Berndorf, Germany and died on November 16, 1934.
Fact 7: Who invented the Refrigerator? The early years of Carl von Linde were spent in Berndorf,
Bavaria, Germany where he was raised by his family. His father was a Lutheran
minister. Carl von Linde was educated at ETH Zurich (Swiss Federal Institute of
Technology) where he studied engineering.
Fact 8: Who invented the Refrigerator? Following his education his first
job was in 1868 as a teacher at the Technische Hochschule in Munich.
Fact 9: Who invented the Refrigerator? Carl von Linde was friends with
Gabriel Sedlmayr, who worked at the Spatenbrau brewery. Gabriel Sedlmayr
suggested to the young engineer the idea of developing a refrigeration system
that would make year-round beer brewing possible.
Fact 10: Who invented the Refrigerator? Bavaria had a cold-brewing
culture that shut down in April until the Autumn brewing season. Bavarian beer
was stored , or "lagered" in caves packed with ice that were laboriously cut
from lakes in the winter.
Fact 11: Who invented the Refrigerator? In 1873 Carl von Linde succeeded
in his project by inventing mechanical refrigeration for beer storage tanks. By
1874 Linde had developed a methyl ether refrigerator and by 1876 he had invented
an ammonia-compressor refrigerator.
Fact 12: Who invented the Refrigerator? His friend Gabriel Sedlmayr was
overjoyed as Carl von Linde had made it possible to make lager beer in any
season of the year. The invention of mechanical refrigeration led to the rise in
sales of lager all over the world as it stored and travelled better than ales.
Lager would eventually dominate the world of brewing.
Fact 13: Who invented the Refrigerator? At more or less the same time
Scottish-American inventor David Boyle (1837 - 1891) had independently designed
an ammonia refrigerating compressor to make ice which he patented in 1872.
Fact 14: Who invented the Refrigerator? In 1879, Linde gave up teaching
and founded the "Linde's Ice Machine Company". His company was an international
success and the process of refrigeration quickly displaced ice in food handling
and various industrial processes. By the turn of the century, nearly all
breweries had a refrigerator and nearly all meatpacking plants used
refrigerators. Refrigerators were installed at the Guinness brewery in Dublin,
Ireland in 1894.
Fact 15: Who invented the Refrigerator? The success of the Refrigerator
enabled Carl von Linde to concentrate on other areas of scientific research and
by 1902 had developed a method for separating pure liquid oxygen and nitrogen
from liquid air. He transferred his company to his sons Friedrich and Richard
and to his son-in-law Rudolf Wucherer.
Fact 16: Who invented the Refrigerator? Carl von Linde died on November 16, 1934
but his pioneering work on refrgeration led to many innovations in the areas of
cryogenics, chemistry and engineering.
Fact 17: Who invented the Refrigerator? The invention of the commercial Refrigerator
eventually led to the development of the domestic Refrigerator. In 1913, Fred
Wolf developed the first domestic refrigerator which was an ice box and a
Fact 18: Who invented the Refrigerator? In 1914 Nathaniel Wales developed
a more practical refrigerator with an electrical system evolved into the
Fact 19: Who invented the Refrigerator? In 1918, General Motors purchased
the Guardian Frigerator Company and renamed it to Frigidaire. In 1923 Frigidaire
introduced the first self-contained unit using the tagline "No more ice".
Fact 20: Who invented the Refrigerator? Sears launched its Coldspot line
of electric refrigerators in 1928. But the boom in sale of domestic refrigerators
happened in the 1930's when Electrolux began selling their domestic
refrigerator, marketed to Americans as "a compact product for the modern
Fact 21: Who invented the Refrigerator? The electric refrigerator did not
take off in Britain until the 1950's when a sweltering heat wave prompted sales
of the product.
Fact 22: Who invented the Refrigerator? The invention of the fridge
changed our lives forever. A convenient time safer that ensures food stays cold