Fact File about the Invention of the Sandwich: Invention: Sandwich *** Name of Inventor: John Montagu *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1718 - 1792 *** Nationality of Inventor: British *** Historical Period: Industrial Revolution (1700 - 1860) *** Category: Food and Drink *** Country of Origin: Great Britain *** Facts about the Inventor, John Montagu, and the invention of the Sandwich ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Sandwich? The Sandwich was invented by John Montagu
in 1762 during the Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1700 - 1860).
Fact 2: Who invented the Sandwich? Prior to the invention of the Sandwich
in 1762, there were few convenient snacks that provided the opportunity to 'eat
on the go'.
Fact 3: Who invented the Sandwich? The inventor of the Sandwich, John Montagu, was born on 13 November 1718 in Chiswick, England died on 30 April 1792.
Fact 4: Who invented the Sandwich? John Montagu was a notorious gambler
and the invention of the sandwich was created due to his reluctance to leave the
Fact 5: Who invented the Sandwich? The early years of John Montagu were spent in Chiswick, England where he was raised by his family. John Montagu was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge
Fact 6: Who invented the Sandwich? Following his education he embarked on
the 'Grand Tour', the traditional trip of Europe and the orient taken by
wealthy nobles and members of the Upper classes.
Fact 7: Who invented the Sandwich? John Montagu led a privileged
lifestyle and obtained prominent positions in the government and in the
military. But he was an incompetent man and his life was dogged by scandal and
Fact 8: Who invented the Sandwich? The reputation of John Montagu was not
shared by the famous explorer Captain James Cook. When John Montagu, 4th Earl of
Sandwich was First Lord of the Admiralty he approved funds for fitting out
Cook's ships for his expedition to the Pacific Ocean. To show his deep gratitude
to John Montagu, Captain James Cook named the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii) after
him. He also named the Montague Islands off the south east coast of Australia
after him and the South Sandwich Island in the Atlantic and the Montague Island
in the Gulf of Alaska.
Fact 9: Who invented the Sandwich? The famous story of invention of the Sandwich
was documented in an acerbic, scathing 1765 travel book called 'Tour to London;
Or New Observations on England and its Inhabitants', by the French writer
Pierre-Jean Grosley (November 18, 1718 - November 4, 1785).
Fact 10: Who invented the Sandwich? Pierre-Jean Grosley was an Anglophile
(the Seven Years War between Britain and France ended in defeat for the French
in 1763) and therefore probably took great delight in smearing of John Montagu.
Grosley wrote in his book that Montagu was involved in a marathon poker game and
couldn't be bothered to leave the poker table for dinner. He therefore asked a
servant to bring him a piece of meat, stuffed between two slices of bread, so he
wouldn't smear food on his cards.
Fact 11: Who invented the Sandwich? The English variation to the story
that in fact John Montagu was working so hard at the Admiralty that he did
not have time to leave his office in order to eat.
Fact 12: Who invented the Sandwich? In 1772 Edward Gibbons wrote of
seeing more than twenty of the "noblest and wealthy" in a fashionable
Coffee House "supping on a bit of cold meat or a
Fact 13: Who invented the Sandwich? Apparently other people, had
began to order the convenient snack at the Coffee Houses and not knowing what to
call the dish asked the proprietor for "the same as Sandwich!", and thus the
"sandwich" was born.
Fact 14: Who invented the Sandwich? John Montagu died on 30 April 1792
but his name will never be forgotten due to his invention of the sandwich.
Fact 15: Who invented the Sandwich? Given the history between America and
the British, the sandwich (named after a peer of the realm) was not referred to
in the United States until some time later. In 1837 Eliza Leslie wrote
"Directions for Cookery" and listed ham sandwiches as a supper dish.
Fact 16: Who invented the Sandwich? The Sandwich grew in popularity
during the 19th and 20th centuries and to this day remains a firm favorite as a
modern convenience food.
Fact 17: Who invented the Sandwich? Every year July 13 is celebrated in
the United States as National Sandwich Day and the sandwich is also celebrated
in May during the British Sandwich Week.
Fact 18: Who invented the Sandwich? Countless sandwiches are prepared in
the home but people are now grabbing a sandwich as the ultimate 'food to go'. In
Britain alone sales of over 3.5 billion sandwiches are made every year.