Definition of School: School is
defined as an educational establishment of learning and instruction where
people, most usually children, acquire knowledge.
Fact File: Who invented School? Invention: Schools *** Date of Invention:
c. 2900 BC to c. 3100 BC *** Name of Inventor: Unknown *** Category: Education *** Country of Origin:
Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt *** The Invention of
Schools *** For additional facts and information refer to the article on
Who Invented Homework.
Fact 1: Who invented School? The name of the inventor of School is
unknown but school is believed to have been invented c. 3100 BC during the
Ancient Egyptian Early Dynastic Period (3100 - 2686 BCE) and the Ancient
Mesopotamians c. 2900 BC.
Fact 2: Who invented
School? The Mesopotamians The Ancient Mesopotamians of the southern Sumer
region of Mesopotamia developed the earliest form of writing called "Cuneiform"
c. 2900 BC using wedge shaped marks to make picture symbols on clay tablets. The
Sumerians established the 'Scribe School' for their priests to learn
Fact 3: Who invented
School? The Ancient Egyptians A formal school system of education was invented
c. 3100 BC by the Ancient Egyptians during the Early Dynastic Period (3100 - 2686 BCE) of invention.
The establishment of the Ancient Egyptian schools was made feasible with the
invention of the ancient writing form known as hieroglyphics and the invention
of papyrus for writing.
Fact 4: Who invented School? Prior to the invention of a type of
structured school as we know it by the Mesopotamians and the Ancient Egyptians
c. 2900 BC to c. 3100 BC, knowledge was
informally passed from father to son or from a craftsman to a novice.
Fact 5: Who invented School? The Ancient Egyptians developed the form of
writing called hieroglyphics. The first hieroglyphics were used to keep accounts
and to mark the names of pharaohs on their tombs, on obelisks and in
other important structures.
Fact 6: Who invented School? The invention of papyrus c. 3000 BC as an
easily portable substance to write on. Men began to commit their learning to
papyrus scrolls and these were kept in libraries. It was imperative that the
next generations were able to read and write hieroglyphics or all of this
learning would be lost. And the first schools were invented.
Who invented School? As the Ancient Egyptians acquired more skills,
especially in the fields of technology and medicine, the idea of schools was
invented. The ancient Egyptian god Thoth was the ibis-headed god of knowledge,
magic and wisdom. His consort, Seshat, was the goddess of writing and the
"Mistress of the House of Books". Thoth was believed to have created a great
library of scrolls containing all of his knowledge.
Fact 8: Who invented
School? The priests of Thoth were taught at a great school of learning at
Hermopolis called the Great Temple of Thoth. Students at the great seat of
learning at Hermopolis had a curriculum where their course of study covered a
variety of subjects including reading, writing, law, music, astrology,
geography, medicine, mathematics and measures.
Fact 9: Who invented School? Other
great civilizations such as the ancient Chinese, Mesopotamians, Greeks and
Romans developed their own forms of writing and paper.
And it became necessary to introduce schools to pass on their knowledge to the
next generations. To this day we still use the same weights and measures that
were invented by the Romans such as the mile, pounds and ounces.
Fact 10: Who invented School? The
advent of Christianity and the establishment of monasteries during the Dark Ages
spread the invention of school to the different countries in Europe. Books
were all hand written and extremely expensive.
Fact 11: Who invented School? In 1440
the invention of the printing press by Johannes Gutenberg had a profound
influence on the lives of people, producing cheap books, pamphlets, and other
printed materials. The invention of the printing press enabled knowledge
and ideas to be spread to vast amounts of people.
Fact 12: Who invented School? The printing
press had enormous implications for education and the invention of schools as educational establishments of learning and instruction
was firmly established as a place where children could acquire knowledge.
Fact 13: Who invented School? Although the idea of a school based system
of education had been established it was generally only available to the
children of wealthy, upper class families and the nobility who were usually
tutored at home. The establishment of schools for the less wealthy began to be
Fact 14: Who invented School? During the Medieval period of the
Elizabethan era most elementary level of education was conducted for boys aged
between 5 - 7 at what was called ' Petty Schools' where basic lessons on reading
and writing were given in the house of the teacher. Children from the age of 7
to 14 went to Grammar Schools where they were taught Latin, Greek, literature,
arithmetic and religious education.
Fact 15: Who invented School? The Elizabethan Grammar Schools were
extremely strict, with long hours of study. The school day started at six
o'clock in the morning and finished at five o'clock in the evening, with a two
hour break at midday. The school boys week consisted of a five full days and a
half-day for between 40 - 44 weeks of the year. The school boys spent at least
2,000 hours in school – more than double the modern school hours. Girls were not
considered important enough to warrant a school education. The education of the
vast majority of girls consisted of housewifely duties and occasionally music
Fact 16: Who invented School? Education at the Elizabethan school was
highly regimented. On Mondays there were examinations on the content of the
previous Sunday’s religious sermon and from Tuesday to Thursday the school
taught the basic curriculum. Friday was the worst day of the week consisting of
Examinations and Punishments. On Saturdays school lessons consisted of the study
of the catechism and some arithmetic.
Fact 17: Who invented School? Punishments at the school were fierce and
50 strokes of the cane was a regular occurrence.
Fact 18: Who invented School? The late years of the Industrial Revolution
began to create a demand for the end of child labor in the factories and a call
for education of the masses. In the early 1800's laws were passed to establish a
state system of education. In 1880, the law said that all children, including
girls, aged 5 to 10 must go to primary school.
Fact 19: Who invented School? In 1899 the school leaving age was raised
to 12 in Great Britain which was raised to 14 in 1917. The leaving age was
eventually raised to 16 in 1973.
Fact 20: Who invented School? The history and invention of School is
interesting and we hope that the facts in this article have provided the answers
to all of your questions.