Fact File: Who invented Soap? Invention: Soap *** Date of Invention: c. 2200 BC *** Name of Inventor: Unknown *** Historical Period: Ancient World (4000 BC - 600BC) *** Category: Household Items *** Country of Origin: Mesopotamia *** The Invention of
Fact 1: Who invented Soap? The name of the inventor of Soap is unknown
but it is believed to have been invented in c. 2200 BC during the Ancient World
(4000 BC - 600BC) era of inventions.
Fact 2: Who invented Soap? Prior to the invention of Soap
c. 2200 BC, washing was limited to using water alone. People bathed in rivers,
lakes, the sea, springs and water holes - in fact anywhere where water was
Fact 3: Who invented Soap? The origin of the
word soap is not clear, but it is generally believed to have originated from the
Latin word 'Sapo'.
Fact 3: Who invented Soap? According to Roman legend the word 'Sapo'
originated from Mount Sapo, an ancient site where animal sacrifices were made.
Following an animal sacrifice, rain would wash away the ash of burnt offerings
and animal fat down to the banks of the Tiber River.
Fact 3: Who invented Soap? The ancient legend tells that Roman women who
washed clothes in the Tiber River noticed that water contaminated with animal
fat and ash produced much cleaner clothes - hence the word 'sapo' and its
derivative 'soap'. This Roman legend does not ring true - Mount Sapo was a
purely fictional mountain and the Romans did not burn the edible flesh of
animals that had been sacrificed, only the inedible bones and entrails were
sacrificed as burnt offerings to the gods.
Fact 4: Who invented Soap?
The more likely etymology of the word 'sapo' is that it was borrowed from the
Gauls meaning "fat" or "tallow" as in animal oils" - The Romans used oils to
cleanse themselves, hence the word 'sapo' and then the word soap.
Fact 5: Who invented
Soap? The Mesopotamians did practise animal sacrifice and made burnt
offerings to their gods. It is therefore possible that they, and not the Romans,
discovered that water contaminated with animal fat and ash produced much cleaner
clothes. We know that their formula for soap, consisted of water, ashes of the
saltwort (an alkali) and cassia oil. The saltwort plant is an important source
of soda ash, an alkali substance that is crucial in soap making. The use of
aromatic cassia oil as a constituent of soap had many added medicinal benefits.
Cypress oil and sesame seed oil was also known to be used in recipes for
Fact 6: Who invented Soap? The ancient Mesopotamians had very skilled
physicians who realized that washing a wound with clean water, and making sure
the hands of the doctor were also clean, prevented infection and hastened
healing. Wounds and hands were therefore cleaned with a mixture of alcohol, oil
and hot water that was used as an early form of a liquid antibacterial soap.
Fact 7: Who invented
Soap? The Phoenicians an ancient Semetic seafaring culture were in close
contact with the civilizations of Northern Mesopotamia, the original home of the
Hebrews, and frequently copied their ideas. The Phoenicians developed their own
soap c.600 BC using goats tallow and alkaline salts mixed with water.
Fact 8: Who invented Soap? The ancient Egyptians also had very skilled
physicians. An ancient Egyptian medical document called the Ebers Papyrus that
was written c. 1550 BC describes the use of a combination of animal and
vegetable oils with alkaline salts to form a soap-like material used for washing
and treating skin diseases.
Fact 9: Who invented Soap? The ancient Chinese from the Zhou Dynasty (c.
700–221 BC) used plant ash mixed with crushed seashells to produce an alkaline
chemical that could remove the stains of light-colored silk fabrics.
Fact 10: Who invented Soap? Wealthy
Romans were fastidious in their cleansing routines. Olive oil was rubbed into
the body and a strigil, a curved blade with a handle, was used to scrape off the
oil together with the dirt. They then visited the Roman baths (thermae) for a
hot and cold bath.
Fact 11: Who invented Soap? The ancient Romans did use a form of soap as
an ointment to treat skin diseases, an idea they no doubt took from the
Egyptians. The Romans used urine (ammonia) to wash clothes by removing grease
and dirt from fabrics.
Fact 12: Who invented Soap? The Gauls and the German tribes of the Dark
Ages were known to make soap with animal fat, beech tree ashes and goat's milk
which produced a creamy lather and contributed to moisturizing and improving the
smoothness of skin.
Fact 13: Who invented Soap? Many civilizations across the world used
plants that contain Saponins to make soaps. Saponins are chemicals found in
plants that possess soap-like qualities and produce a lather when mixed with
water. Over 100 different types of plants make saponin which can be found in the
leaves, the stem, the flowers, the roots and sometimes in the berries of plants.
A soap is obtained by boiling different part of the plant in warm water. The
leaves or roots of some plants were simply rubbed with water to produce a
Fact 14: Who invented Soap? The Native American Indian tribes used Sweat
Lodges for cleansing during special ceremonies but also as an everyday luxury.
Buffalo fat was used as soap. They also used the roots of soaptree yucca (Yucca
elata), which are high in saponins, and used as a shampoo for various Native
Fact 15: Who invented Soap? The Ancient Chinese of the Han Dynasty (206
B.C.–A.D. 220) discovered a naturally occurring form of saponin that could be
extracted from the ashes of knotweed and wormwood.
Fact 16: Who invented Soap? In 300AD Arabian civilisations made both
solid and liquid soaps using aromatic and vegetable oils. The Arabian soap
making process consisted of mixing sesame oil with a potash, alkali and lime and
pouring the mixture in a mould to make bars of soap.
Fact 17: Who invented Soap? During the 8th century, soap-making
industries for washing clothes were established in France, Italy and Spain where
soap was made with goats fat and the ashes of Beech trees. It was at this time
that the French started using olive oil and adding fragrances to produce soap.
Fact 18: Who invented Soap? Personal hygiene declined in the Middle Ages
in Europe and the general lack of cleanliness contributed to the spread of the
Black Death. Etiquette demanded, and physicians advised people, to only wash the
parts of the body that were visible such as the hands, feet, face and neck. By
the Elizabethan Era Queen Elizabeth 1
Fact 19: Who invented Soap? By the Elizabethan Era Queen Elizabeth I made
bathing acceptable to the rich by bathing once every month "Whether it was
necessary or not" and the soap-making industries started to flourish in England.
Fact 20: Who invented Soap? The Elizabethan period in history was the
Golden Age of Exploration and colonization and several soap-makers were on the
second ship from England to Jamestown in Virginia. The American colonists later
invented a process to produce lye-soap by making lye from wood ashes and water.
Fact 21: Who invented Soap? In the 16th century, three broad varieties of
soap were available: coarse soap made from train oil (extracted from whale
blubber), sweet soap from olive oil and speckled soap from tallow.
Fact 22: Who invented Soap? The English soap-makers suffered a severe
blow when speckled soap was banned because it depleted the country’s
reserve of tallow trees, making candles too expensive for the poor. The British
Soap Tax was passed in 1712, making bathing a luxury for rich people.
Fact 23: Who invented Soap? In 1791, during the Industrial Revolution,
the French chemist Nicholas Lablanc (6 December 1742 – 16 January 1806)
discovered a process that used common salt to make sodium carbonate, or soda
ash, the alkali obtained from ashes that combined with fat to form soap.
Fact 24: Who invented Soap? In 1789, a Cornish barber called Andrew Pears
established a premises in Soho, London that would lead to the launch of Pears
purer and gentler and first translucent soap - the oldest brand in the world.
Pears became part of Lever Brothers in 1915.
Fact 25: Who invented Soap? In 1861 the Belgian chemist
Ernest Solvay discovered a process to reduce costs even further. This process
that created alkali soda from common salt led to the ability to make much
cheaper soaps and a huge leap in commercial soap-making in England that had been
boosted in 1853 when the Soap Tax had been revoked.
Fact 26: Who invented Soap? In 1864 Caleb Johnson established the B.J.
Johnson Soap Company in Milwaukee, United States producing a soap made entirely
from palm and olive oils. In 1898, the company introduced the Palmolive brand,
which became so successful that the company changed its name to Palmolive. The
Palmolive company eventually merged with the Colgate Company in 1928.
Fact 27: Who invented Soap? Camay the brand name of the famous scented
hand and body soap, was first introduced in 1926 and made by Procter & Gamble.
Fact 28: Who invented Soap? The brand Imperial Leather soaps are
manufactured by PZ Cussons. In 1938 Alex Cussons used the original perfume and
created Cussons Imperial Leather soaps and other toiletries.
Fact 29: Who invented Soap? Who invented Dove soap? The American chemist
and inventor Vincent Lamberti (1928 - 2014) was the inventor of Dove soap. Lever
Brothers successfully marketed Dove soaps as being less irritating to the skin
than traditional soaps.
Fact 30: Who invented Soap? Who invented Antibacterial Soap?
Antibacterial soap was patented on December 25, 1984 by the scientists Peter
Divone and David Joshi. The patent for the 'process for manufacturing
translucent antibacterial soap' was filed on June 8, 1987 and granted to David
P. Joshi and Peter A. Divone, patent number 4762642. The Assignees of the
Antibacterial Soap patent were the Colgate-Palmolive Company.