Fact File about the Invention of the Steam Engine: Date of Invention: 1769 *** Name of Inventor: James Watt *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1736 - 1819 *** Nationality of Inventor: Scottish *** Historical Period: Industrial Revolution (1700 - 1860) *** Country of Origin: Scotland *** Facts about the Inventor, James Watt, and the invention ***
Definition: The Steam Engine is
defined as an external-combustion engine moved by steam in which heat is used to raise steam, admitted by the action of the valve gear, which either turns a turbine or forces a piston to move up and down in a cylinder.
Fact 1: Who invented the Steam Engine? The Steam Engine was invented by
James Watt in 1769 during the Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1700 -
1860) which was a momentous addition to advancements made during the Industrial
Fact 2: Who invented the Steam Engine? Prior to the invention of the
Steam Engine by James Watt in 1769, there were other inventions related to steam,
with notable advancements made by Thomas Savery, Thomas Newcomen, Matthew Wasborough
and Nikolaus Otto.
Fact 3: Who invented the Steam Engine? In 1698 Thomas Savery combined the
force of steam with the pressure of the atmosphere to patent the first crude
commercially used steam powered atmospheric engine, but his design had some
problems and others improved on his idea over the years.
Fact 4: Who invented the Steam Engine? Thomas Savery's pump of 1698 had
just used the vacuum to pull the water up created his vacuum inside a cylinder
and used it to pull down a piston. However in 1712 Thomas Newcomen created his
vacuum inside a cylinder and used it to pull down a piston. His device was
referred to as the Newcomen engine which was first used to drain a flooded
coal mine at Tipton, in South Staffordshire.
Fact 5: Who invented the Steam Engine? In 1780 a Bristol engineer called
Matthew Wasborough built the 'Pickard Engine' for James Pickard adding a crank,
a rod, and flywheel to Thomas Newcomer’s self acting atmospheric engine.
Fact 6: Who invented the Steam Engine? In 1783 the Scottish James Watt
1736 - 1819 invented the double-acting steam engine in which steam acted on each
side of the piston as opposed to just one side, making it possible for the
engine to drive machinery in numerous manufacturing industries.
Fact 7: Who invented the Steam Engine? In 1784 James Watt patented his
steam locomotive that included a separate condenser connected to the cylinder by
a valve enabling the condenser to cool the used steam while the main cylinder
Fact 8: Who invented the Steam Engine? By 1790 the James Watt Steam
Engine became the main design for all modern steam engines.
Fact 9: Who invented the Steam Engine? The inventor of the Steam Engine, James Watt, was born on January 19, 1736 in Greenock in the west central Lowlands of Scotland died on August 25, 1819.
Fact 10: Who invented the Steam Engine? The early years of James Watt were spent in Greenock in the west central Lowlands of Scotland where he was raised by his family. James Watt was educated at Greenock Grammar School
Fact 11: Who invented the Steam Engine? Following his education his first job was as an
engineer and mathematical instrument maker making compasses and quadrants.
Fact 12: Who invented the Steam Engine? James Watt studied the Newcomen
steam engine and discovered that it wasted energy. He went on to design an
improved machine in which the steam was condensed in a separate compartment of
Fact 13: Who invented the Steam Engine? In 1764 James Watt married his
cousin, Margaret Miller, and the couple went on to have six children. Margaret
Miller Watt died nine years later in 1773.
Fact 14: Who invented the Steam Engine? In 1769 James Watt patented his
steam engine invention, with the separate condensing chamber, as the "New
Invented Method of Lessening the Consumption of Steam and Fuel in Fire Engines".
Fact 15: Who invented the Steam Engine? The invention of the Steam Engine
was a major advancement to the progress of the Industrial Revolution. In 1774
James Watt started a business in Birmingham with Matthew Boulton to manufacture
his improved steam engine. In March 1776 the Bentley Mining Company started
using their newest piece of equipment - a Boulton-Watt steam engine to pump
water from mines.
Fact 16: Who invented the Steam Engine? The invention of the James Watt Steam Engine
saw several modifications and improvements and in 1781 he converted reciprocal
engine motion to rotary motion and patented the 'sun and planet' gears and the
double-acting engine. The improvements made by James Watt increased engine
efficiency by a factor of about five, saving 75% on the costs of coal required
to run the engines.
Fact 17: Who invented the Steam Engine? In 1785 James Watt was elected
fellow of the Royal Society of London.
Fact 18: Who invented the Steam Engine? In 1790 James Watt's invention of
a pressure gauge virtually completed the Watt Steam Engine.
Fact 19: Who invented the Steam Engine? His invention of the Watt Steam
Engine was a great success and sold to various industries and companies
including flour mills, cotton mills, iron mills and paper mills. His steam
engine was also used in rivers, canals, distilleries and waterworks. John Fitch
invented the Steamboat in 1791 revolutionizing river
travel in America.
Fact 20: Who invented the Steam Engine? James Watt became an extremely
wealthy man, bought an estate at Doldowlod in Radnorshire and retired from
Fact 21: Who invented the Steam Engine? James Watt died on August 25,
1819 at his home "Heathfield" in Handsworth, Staffordshire. The flair for
inventions ran in the family. A descendent of James Watt called Robert
Watson-Watt invented Radar in 1939, a crucial means of
defence during World War 2.
The Legacy of James Watt: His legacy was his invention
of the Watt engine which was a major addition to the rapid progress of the
Industrial Revolution because of its incorporation into numerous industries and
fundamental changes in working practices and principles. Higher pressure engines
were later combined into single units which was compact and light enough to be
used on steam boats and rail locomotives. Nicklaus Otto went on to invent the
Internal Combustion Engine in 1876
when kerosene, diesel and petrol were used in place of coal making the invention
of automobiles possible.
Fast Info and Fact File: Country of Origin: Scotland *** Name of Inventor: James Watt *** Nationality of Inventor: Scottish *** Date of Invention: 1769 *** *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1736 - 1819 *** Invention Era: Industrial Revolution (1700 - 1860) *** The Inventor and Invention ***