Fact File about the Invention of the Telephone: Invention: Telephone *** Date of Invention: 1876 *** Name of Inventor: Alexander Graham Bell *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1847 - 1922 *** Nationality of Inventor: Scottish *** Historical Period: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914) *** Category: Communications *** Country of Origin: Scotland *** Facts about the Inventor, Alexander Graham Bell,†and the invention of the Telephone ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Telephone? The Telephone was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876 during the Second US Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1850 - 1914)
that revolutionized Communications.
Fact 2: Who invented the Telephone? Prior to the invention of the Telephone in 1876,
communication were slow and none transmitted the sound of the human voice. The
history of communications over a distance probably began with the invention of
smoke signals. Flags were also commonly used as a form of distance
Fact 3: Who invented the Telephone? The Telegraph
was the immediate
predecessor to the telephone. The telegraph was invented by Samuel Morse (1791 -
1872) in 1838.
Fact 3: Who invented the Telephone? The invention of the telegraph was a
massive success enabling a message to be sent instantly down a wire across long
distances. The invention of the telegraph was seen as the 'last word' in
Fact 4: Who invented the Telephone? People believed that such a system
could never be bettered, that that the addition of voice transmitted messages
were a waste of time, a novelty. However, the British inventor Alexander Graham
Bell had other ideas and this led to his invention of the telephone in 1876.
Fact 5: Who invented the Telephone? The history that led to the invention of the Telephone
started with the ability to harness and produce
Electricity. The "invention" of electricity enabled Samuel Morse to develop
the telegraph system which transmitted signals by using electrical devices to
send signals by a wire.
Fact 6: Who invented the Telephone? In 1831 Professor Joseph Henry of the
Albany Academy in New York demonstrated that electricity could be used to ring a
bell from a distance.
Fact 7: Who invented the Telephone? Another inventor who contributed to
the development of the telephone was the Italian inventor Innocenzo Manzetti
(1826 - 1877) who discussed the idea of a "speaking telegraph" in 1843 but
did not pursue his idea at the time.
Fact 8: Who invented the Telephone? The inventor of the Telephone, Alexander Graham Bell, was born on March 3, 1847 in Edinburgh, Scotland died on August 2, 1922.
Fact 9: Who invented the Telephone? The early years of Alexander Graham Bell were spent in Edinburgh, Scotland where he was raised by his family.
His mother was Eliza Grace Symonds and his father was Professor Alexander
Melville Bell a famous elocutionist speech expert and teacher.
Fact 10: Who invented the Telephone? Alexander Graham Bell was a highly
intelligent child with an enquiring mind. He invented his first machine, that
removed the husks of wheat, in 1859
Fact 11: Who invented the Telephone? In 1863 his father, Professor
Alexander Melville Bell, took his young son to see an "automation machine" or
"speech machine" that imitated the sound of the human voice. This sparked the
interest and imagination of Alexander Graham Bell and he followed in his
father's footsteps and began to study language and speech. His goal was to
produce speech electronically and he and his brother Melville began experiments
based on this idea.
Fact 13: Who invented the Telephone? The brothers invented the 'Visible
Speech System' using phonetic symbols to help the deaf in learning to speak.
Fact 12: Who invented the Telephone? Alexander Graham Bell was educated at University College, London
but suffered with health issues. His older brother Melville died from
tuberculosis. His father also contracted TB and decided to move the family to
Canada in 1870 to recuperate.
Fact 13: Who invented the Telephone? In April 1871 Alexander Graham Bell
moved to Boston in the United States to teach the 'Visible Speech System' to
the deaf. In 1872 he opened a school for the "Vocal Physiology and Mechanics of
Speech for deaf students". His most famous student was Helen Kellar who was
referred to Alexander Graham Bell when she was just six years old.
Fact 14: Who invented the Telephone? In May 1874 Alexander Graham Bell
began experimenting with the Phonautograph, the earliest known machine for
recording sound, that had been invented by Edouard-Leon Scott de Martinville in
1857. These experiments led Alexander Graham Bell to inventing the telephone.
Fact 15: Who invented the Telephone? Alexander Graham Bell hired an
assistant named Thomas Watson (1854 - 1934), who was working in an electrical
shop in Boston.
Fact 16: Who invented the Telephone? During one of Bell's experiments
Thomas Watson accidentally plucked one of the metal reeds on the Phonautograph
machine that showed that sounds could be transmitted.
Fact 17: Who invented the Telephone? Further experiments led to invention of the Telephone.
Alexander Graham Bell submitted a patent for his invention on March 7, 1876 and
the U.S. Patent Office issued patent number 174,465 for the telephone.
Fact 18: Who invented the Telephone? On 10 March 1876 Alexander Graham
Bell made the first successfully transmitted speech to his assistant saying "Mr.
Watson, come here! I want to see you!". It is likely that Bell had heard a noise
over the wire and called to Watson, but Watson had heard Bellís voice through
the wire and therefore received the first telephone call.
Fact 19: Who invented the Telephone? Reaction to the invention of
Alexander Graham Bell's invention of the telephone was somewhat sceptical.
Western Union, the major player in the telegraph industry refused Bellís offer
to buy the patents to the telephone believing it was just a novelty.
Fact 20: Who invented the Telephone? On July 11, 1877, Alexander Graham
Bell married Mable Hubbard, a former student and the daughter of Gardiner
Hubbard, his initial financial backer.
Fact 21: Who invented the Telephone? The Bell Telephone Company was
established on July 9, 1877 in Boston, Massachusetts. Alexander Graham Bell was
not a businessman and by 1880 began to turn his business over to Gardiner
Hubbard and others so he could pursue his teaching and work on his other
Fact 22: Who invented the Telephone? Alexander Graham Bell also continued
his work with the deaf and established the American Association to Promote
Teaching of Speech to the Deaf in 1890.
Fact 23: Who invented the Telephone? In January 1915 Alexander Graham
Bell made the first transcontinental phone call from New York speaking to Thomas
Watson in San Francisco.
Fact 24: Who invented the Telephone? Alexander Graham Bell died on August 2, 1922
at Baddeck, Nova Scotia, Canada. He will forever be remembered as the inventor
of the telephone. It was nearly 100 years after the invention of the telephone
that Martin Cooper invented the Cell Phone in 1973.
The Smartphone was invented in 1992 at IBM.