Fact File about the Invention of the Television: Invention: Television *** Date of Invention: 1926 *** Name of Inventor: John Logie Baird *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1888 - 1946 *** Nationality of Inventor: Scottish *** Historical Period: Interwar (1918 - 1939) *** Category: Communications *** Country of Origin: Scotland *** Facts about the Inventor, John Logie Baird, and the invention of the Television ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Television? The Television was invented by John Logie Baird in 1926 during the Interwar Era of inventions (1918 - 1939) which was a momentous addition to advancements made in the area of Communications.
Fact 2: Who invented the Television? Prior to the invention of the Television in 1926, there was
movies and the radio but there were no 'live pictures' in the homes of people.
Fact 3: Who invented the Television? The inventor of the Television, John Logie Baird, was born on August 14, 1888 in Helensburgh, Argyll and Bute, Scotland died on June 14, 1946.
Fact 4: Who invented the Television? John Logie Baird was inspired to such an extent that he was destined to become esteemed as the Scottish inventor of the Television.
Fact 5: Who invented the Television? The early years of John Logie Baird were spent in Helensburgh, Argyll and Bute, Scotland where he was raised by his family.
His mother was Jessie Inglis and his father John was a church minister.
Fact 6: Who invented the Television? John Logie Baird was a highly
inquisitive, intelligent boy who loved cars and new technology such as
telephones, the Radio and cameras. By the time he was
14 years old had made his own telephone and built a glider and then a generator
using electric power to light the family house.
Fact 7: Who invented the Television? John Logie Baird completed his
education and studied engineering at the Royal College of Science and
Fact 8: Who invented the Television? Following his education his first job was
working in a factory but was determined to continue his interest in technology
and inventions. He decided to set up his business selling medical products and
invented a glass, rust-free shaving razor and established a shop selling various
products including a soap he called 'Baird's Speedy Cleaner'.
Fact 9: Who invented the Television? In 1922 John Logie Baird left London
and settled in the small coastal town of Hastings in Sussex and began conducting
experiments that he described as "a means of seeing by wireless [radio]".
John Logie Baird had come up with this ground braking idea that would result in
Fact 10: Who invented the Television? At this time in history people
listened to the radio and enjoyed watching moving images at the movies. However,
there were no such thing as 'moving pictures' in the homes of people. John Logie
Baird was about to change the lifestyle of people forever.
Fact 11: Who invented the Television? John Logie Baird used items
that were easily available items to house the TV unit such as boxes, glue, card,
darning needles, lenses from bicycle lamps, sealing wax and biscuit tins. He
used the motor from an electric fan to power spinning discs enabling
'mechanical picture scanning' with electronic amplification at the transmitter
and at the receiver.
Fact 12: Who invented the Television? His first, simple TV picture showed
a cross cut out of card. An image of the cross was scanned using spinning discs
with tiny holes. Flashes of light from the image came through the tiny holes.
The flashes of light were changed into electric signals. The electric signals
were transmitted to a second spinning disc with tiny light bulbs instead of
holes. The light bulbs flashed resulting in the first fuzzy TV picture of the
Fact 13: Who invented the Television? John Logie Baird entered a
partnership with a London cinema owner called Will Day. On 26 July 1923 John
Logie Baird applied for his first patent for a system of transmitting views,
portraits and 'Scenes by telegraphy or wireless telegraphy'.
Fact 14: Who invented the Television? In January 1924, Baird made a
public demonstration of his apparatus (TV) to representatives from the national
paper, the Daily News and also the Hastings Observer were present.
Fact 15: Who invented the Television? The simple image of the Maltese
Cross was replaced by a ventriloquist's doll and then by a person. On March 25,
1925 he set up a three-week demonstration of the television at Selfridges
department store in London.
Fact 16: Who invented the Television? The first person to appear on TV
was on October 5, 1925 when a 20-year-old office worker called William Edward
Taynton. William Taynton was paid two shillings and sixpence to be used as the
first human TV subject by the John Logie Baird.
Fact 17: Who invented the Television? On January 26, 1926 John Logie
Baird demonstrated his TV for the Royal Institution and a reporter for the
London Times. The scan rate was 12.5 images per second. At this point of of his
images were in black and white.
Fact 18: Who invented the Television? On July 3, 1928 John Logie Baird
introduced color television. The first color TV images were of flowers,
strawberries, and a man in a red and white scarf.
Fact 19: Who invented the Television? In 1927 John Logie Baird sent a
long-distance television signal over the 438 miles from London to Glasgow
through the phone line.
Fact 20: Who invented the Television? Other inventors joined in the race
to make a rival electronic TV system, notably Philo Farnsworth, Lee De Forest,
Manfred von Ardenne, Vladimir Zworykin and Westinghouse Electric, RCA and
Fact 21: Who invented the Television? In 1927 the American inventor Philo
Farnsworth patented the Image Dissector, the first complete electronic
television system and transmitted the first all-electronic television image
Fact 22: Who invented the Television? The invention of the Television
progressed still further when in 1928 his company, 'Baird Television Development
Company, Ltd' sent the first transatlantic transmission under the sea.
Fact 23: Who invented the Television? On July 2, 1928 first American
Television station (W3XK) began broadcasting.
Fact 24: Who invented the Television? Baird's television cameras had a
habit of catching fire during filming and disaster struck in 1936 when a fire at
the London TV studio broke out. Much of John Logie Baird's equipment was
destroyed and important papers were burned effectively allowing his rivals to
take his prime position in the invention of television.
Fact 25: Who invented the Television? BBC Television Service was launched
November 2, 1936 but chose to use the Marconi-EMI television system.
Fact 26: Who invented the Television? John Logie Baird continued with his
pioneering work and on August 16, 1944 he demonstrated the world's first fully
electronic color television.
Fact 27: Who invented the Television? World War 2 (1939 - 1945) broke out
and John Logie Baird turned his attention to working with the British government
on radar and infrared night viewing devices.
Fact 28: Who invented the Television? WW2 ended in 1945 but his work had
taken a toll on the great inventor's health. John Logie Baird died of pneumonia
at Bexhill, near Hastings in Sussex, on June 14, 1946. He will always be
remembered as the invention of television.