Definition of the Toilet: The Toilet is
defined as a flush toilet, aka lavatory, that is cleaned of waste by the flow, or flush, of water through it that passes to a drainpipe and another location via a drain for disposal.
Fact 1: Who invented the Toilet? The history of the Toilet dates back to
ancient times. The invention of some of the first simple toilets is credited to
Mesopotamia in 4000 through 3000 BC.
Fact 2: Who invented the Toilet? The Minoan civilization, based on the
island of Crete and other Greek islands, were known to have a toilet with the
capacity to flush c 2000 BC. Excavations at the Ancient Greek palace at Knossos
indicated that water was used to wash the waste from the toilet into the sewer
system of the palace.
Fact 3: Who invented the Toilet? The Ancient Romans adopted ideas from
the Ancient Greeks. The ancient sewers of Rome c. 100 AD collected rainwater and
sewage and developed a network of public lavatories. The Roman public toilet
consisted of rooms lined with stone or wooden bench seats that were positioned
over a sewer. Private toilets were installed in Roman villas and in some city
apartments but were rarely connected to sewers and waste was emptied into pits
or the gardens and fields.
Fact 4: Who invented the Toilet? 476 AD marked the Fall of the Roman
Empire falls and in Western Europe the Roman's sophisticated plumbing and sewer
systems vanished for centuries. Holes in the ground and chamber pots were used.
Fact 5: Who invented the Toilet? During the 11th century there was a boom
in castle building boom and an early form of the indoor toilet was included in
Medieval castle architecture. There were various names for the Medieval toilet
or latrine including the Garderobe, Privy chamber, the jakes and the gong. The
Medieval toilet had no window and was fitted with a stone or a wooden bench with
4 - 6 holes in it. Chutes were provided for the waste which often led to the
castle moat or a cess pits, which are cleaned by men called gong farmers.
Fact 6: Who invented the Toilet? In 1596 Sir John Harrington (1561 -
1612), a godson of Queen Elizabeth I, invented the flushing toilet and his
invention was used by the Queen. The first flushing toilet, or water closet,
invented by Sir John Harrington consisted of a pan with an opening at the bottom
that was sealed with a leather faced valve. A system of handles, levers and
weights poured in water from a cistern and opened the valve. The invention
failed to catch on and people continued to use chamber pots that were simply
emptied from a window to the street.
Fact 7: Who invented the Toilet? Nearly 200 hundred years later in 1775
Alexander Cumming (1733 - 1814) was the first inventor to patent a design of the
flush toilet that detailed the Strap, a sliding valve between the bowl and the
Fact 8: Who invented the Toilet? In 1778 Joseph Brahmah (1748 - 1814)
improved the Alexander Cumming design. The Joseph Brahmah toilet had a valve at
the bottom of the bowl that worked on a hinge, it was a predecessor to the
Fact 9: Who invented the Toilet? In 1870, Thomas Twyford a Pottery
manufacturer in England created the single piece, ceramic flush toilet.
Fact 10: Who invented the Toilet? Also in 1870 Thomas Crapper (1836 -
1910), the man generally associated with inventing the flushing Toilet, improved
the design of the WC (Water Closet) now known as toilet and creating the
first ever ‘bathroom showroom’ to display them.
Fact 11: Who invented the Toilet? Thomas Crapper, was baptised on 28 September 1836 in Waterside, Thorne, Yorkshire, England died on 27 January 1910.
Fact 12: Who invented the Toilet? The early years of Thomas Crapper were spent in Waterside, Thorne, Yorkshire, England where he was raised by his family. Thomas Crapper
received a basic education and apprenticed to his brother who was a Master Plumber
in Chelsea, London.
Fact 13: Who invented the Toilet? In 1860 Thomas Crapper married Maria
Green (1837–1902) and the couple went on to have two childrem
Fact 14: Who invented the Toilet? Having served his plumbing
apprenticeship and taking up responsibilities as a married man Thomas Crapper
established his own company at Robert Street in Chelsea in 1861.
Fact 15: Who invented the Toilet? Thomas Crapper, an ambitious man,
wanted to expand his business and in 1868 took a partner, Robert Marr Wharam,
who had the financial backing and accounting skills required to help him grow
the business and establish his own brass foundry and workshops.
Fact 16: Who invented the Toilet? Thomas Crapper & Co opened a bathroom
showroom in the Kings Road, Chelsea to showcase his sanitary goods and services.
These included his new inventions that included the 'water-waste-preventing
cistern syphon'. The bathroom showroom included plumbed-in toilets, so customers
could see how the flush worked. This was a highly innovative idea and incredibly
shocking to the prim and proper Victorians.
Fact 17: Who invented the Toilet? News of the bathroom showroom spread
(controversy always sells!) but people were impressed and before long Thomas
Crapper gained the reputation as the premier sanitary engineer in London.
Fact 18: Who invented the Toilet? The business exploded when Edward, the
Prince of Wales, gave Thomas Crapper & Co the contract to install plumbing and
drainage at the royal palaces and castles. The prim Victorians were also
snobbish and when Thomas Crapper was awarded royal warrants wealthy Victorians
clamored for his services and goods.
Fact 19: Who invented the Toilet? Thomas Crapper became a very wealthy
man and retired in 1903 following the death of his wife Maria in 1902.
Fact 20: Who invented the Toilet? In 1903 Thomas Crapper handed his
business over to his partner Robert M. Wharam and his nephew George Crapper who
opened yet another bathroom showroom at 120 King's Road, Chelsea
Fact 21: Who invented the Toilet? Thomas Crapper died on 27 January 1910
and was at Elmer's End Cemetery, next to his beloved wife. Little did he know
that his name would go down in history as the inventor of the toilet.
Fact 20 - Impact: How did the Toilet impact the world? The impact of the invention of the Toilet was a significant step to improving the field of Household Items.
Who invented the Toilet? Now you know that Thomas Crapper was the person who invented the Toilet! We hope that the facts in this article have provided the answers to all of your questions about the invention of the Toilet and its famous inventor, Thomas Crapper.
Thomas Crapper Fact File: Country of Origin: England *** Name of Inventor: Thomas Crapper *** Nationality of Inventor: English *** Date of Invention: 1870 *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1836 - 1910 *** Invention Era: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914) *** Type: Household Items ***