Fact File about the Invention of the Vacuum Cleaner: Invention: Vacuum Cleaner *** Date of Invention: 1860 *** Name of Inventor: Daniel Hess *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1831 - 1916 *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Historical Period: Second US Industrial Revolution / Victorian (1850 - 1914) *** Category: Household Items *** Country of Origin: America *** Facts about the Inventor, Daniel Hess, and the invention of the Vacuum Cleaner ***
Fact 1: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The Vacuum Cleaner was invented
by Daniel Hess in 1860 during the Second US Industrial Revolution era of
inventions (1850 - 1914).
Fact 2: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? Prior to the invention of the
Vacuum Cleaner in 1860, brooms and mops were used to sweep or clean the floor.
Rugs were taken outside, hung on a line and were beaten with a carpet beater to
beat out as much dirt as possible.
Fact 3: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The invention of the
steam-operated loom for weaving in 1785 by Edmund Cartwright (1743 - 1823) made
rugs and carpets more affordable and led to the development of various
mechanical cleaning devices.
Fact 4: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The home carpet sweeper
was invented in 1858 by H. H. Herrick of East Boston, Massachusetts, but it was
a complex device and lacked suction which limited its success.
Fact 5: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner?
Electricity was in its infancy in the 1800's and Electricity only become
available as a source of power in homes during the late 19th century.
Fact 6: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The Industrial Revolution
witnessed countless advancements in science and technology but it was also
responsible for the dramatic increase in factories that poured out smoke, soot,
dirt and pollution.
Fact 7: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? In the late 1850's the work of
Louis Pasteur and Robert Koch provided convincing evidence of the connection
between dirt and germs leading to the spread of disease. As the knowledge of
disease increased so did concerns about cleanliness, health and hygiene.
Fact 8: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The early mechanical sweepers
had rapidly rotating brushes that pushed dirt inside into the sweeper. It
was Daniel Hess who came up with the idea to build a device that used air to
create a partial vacuum to suck up dust and dirt.
Fact 9: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The inventor of the Vacuum Cleaner, Daniel Hess, was born on August 6, 1831 in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States and died on May 18, 1916.
Fact 10: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The early years of Daniel Hess were spent in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States
and he was raised by his family in West Union, Iowa. His father's name was John
Hess and his mother's name was Magdalena Musser Hess. Daniel Hess had one sister
called Martha Hess.
Fact 11: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? Little is known about the
personal life of Daniel Hess other the names of his family. He married a local
girl called Eliza J Wade Hess and the couple had one son named Amos M. Hess
(1867 - 1943).
Fact 12: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? Daniel Hess developed his
invention to facilitate the removal of dirt and dust and was granted patent
number 29,077 on July 10, 1860. His patent states that his device drew "fine
dust and dirt through the machine by means of a draft of air". Daniel Hess
called his invention a 'carpet sweeper' - the term 'Vacuum Cleaner' was coined
much later in 1919 by another inventor called Hubert Cecil Booth.
Fact 13: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The device invented by Daniel
Hess had a rotating brush like other earlier mechanical carpet sweepers, but his
machine also possessed an elaborate bellows mechanism that created "a continuous
current of air up through the machine" to generate air suction. The device also
incorporated two "water chambers" to capture the dust and dirt which cleansed
the air as it passed through the device. When the water was dirty it was removed
and replenished with a fresh supply.
Fact 14: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The story of the invention of the
first 'Vacuum Cleaner' by Daniel Hess ends at this point. There is no evidence
that his machine was ever manufactured on a large scale. The history of Daniel
Hess ends with his death on on May 18, 1916.
Fact 15: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The development of the Vacuum Cleaner
moved on when, in 1869, an inventor called Ives McGaffey of Chicago patented an
"Improved sweeping-machine" that he called the "Whirlwind". Patent number 91,145
was issued for his device on June 8, 1869. His "Whirlwind" sweeping-machine
created suction with a hand-cranked, belt-driven fan that sucked up the dirt by
a current of air.
Fact 16: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? Ives McGaffey arranged for the
manufacture of the "Whirlwind" sweeping-machine via the American Carpet Cleaning
Company who successfully marketed and sold the device in Boston and Chicago. The
vast majority of the "Whirlwind" sweeping-machine were lost in the Great Chicago
fire in 1871 and the Boston fire of 1872.
Fact 17: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? In 1876 Melville Reuben Bissell
(1843 - 1889) patented a carpet sweeper with a central brush, rubber wheels, and
other improvements on vacuum technology. Melville Bissell began selling carpet
sweepers in 1883 and the famous Bissell corporation is named after him.
Fact 18: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? Ives McGaffey worked on the
development of the Vacuum cleaner - the early models were hampered because
customers had to crank the machine. In 1900 Ives McGaffey made an attempt to
provide the device with an electric motor. His electric invention failed, but
the concept was good, and other inventors worked on producing the first electric
Fact 19: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? In 1899 John S. Thurman of St
Louis, invented the gasoline powered vacuum cleaner which he patented on October
3, 1899, patent number 634,042. John S. Thurman's invention of a "pneumatic
carpet renovator" is considered by many to be the first motorized vacuum
cleaner. John S. Thurman sold the carpet cleaning service door to door, cleaning
carpets and rugs for $4 per visit.
Fact 20: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The "pneumatic carpet
renovator" invention of John S. Thurman was unable to suck dirt and dust. The
‘sucking’ feature of the vacuum cleaner was invented upon by the British
inventor Hubert Cecil Booth.
Fact 21: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? In 1901 the British engineer
Hubert Cecil Booth (1871 - 1955) invented one of the first powered vacuum
cleaners. His massive industrial sized device, which he called the "Puffing
Billy". The "Puffing Billy" had a 5 hp piston pump driven by a petrol/gasoline
engine or an electric motor. There were no brushes on the "Puffing Billy", dust
was extracted entirely by the powerful suction through nozzles at the ends of
long flexible tubes with a filter.
Fact 22: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? Hubert Cecil Booth founded the
British Vacuum Cleaner Company and the the "Puffing Billy" was operated via a
trolley that would be driven through the streets to the clients house. Using
long tubing, the vacuum would be fed into the house, with the device itself
remaining outside in the street.
Fact 23: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? As Electricity become available
as a source of power in homes the British Vacuum Cleaner Company developed
portable vacuum cleaners that were were designed to work to be plugged
electrical sockets in the home. The British Vacuum Cleaner Company launched the
‘Goblin’ brand in the 1920s.
Fact 24: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? In America Corinne Dufour from
Savannah, Georgia acquired patent number 664135 dated December 18, 1900, for the
electrically powered Carpet Sweeper and dust collector.
Fact 25: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The invention of the Vacuum Cleaner
improved again when a janitor in Canton, Ohio called James Murray Spangler (1848
- 1915) invented the first portable, upright electric vacuum cleaner. James
Murray Spangler was issued with patent number 889,823 on June 2, 1908 for his
'Electric Suction Sweeper' portable device.
Fact 26: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? James Murray Spangler gave one
of his Electric Suction Sweepers to his cousin Susan Troxel Hoover (1846–1925).
Susan Hoover was impressed with the Vacuum Cleaner and showed it to her husband,
William Henry "Boss" Hoover ( 1849 – 1932) and her son Herbert William Hoover
(1877 – 1954).
Fact 27: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? William Henry "Boss" Hoover was
equally impressed with the Vacuum Cleaner and bought the patent from James
Murray Spangler in 1908 and founded what would become the Hoover Company, the
largest vacuum cleaner maker in the world. The product was so successful that
the 'vacuum cleaner' was referred to as the 'hoover' for many years.
Fact 28: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The invention of the Vacuum Cleaner
was revolutionized by the British Inventor Sir James Dyson. Irritated by
his hoover getting clogged up with dust James Dyson resolved to create a vacuum
cleaner that would not lose suction as it picked up dirt. James Dyson invented
the Dual Cyclone bagless vacuum cleaner, which worked on the principle of
Fact 29: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? James Dyson was issued with US
patent 4,593,429 for his 'Vacuum cleaning appliance' on June 10, 1986. The
'Dyson' became a world wide success challenging Hoover in becoming the most
successful vacuum cleaner in the world.
Fact 30: Who invented the Vacuum Cleaner? The invention of the Vacuum Cleaner
continues its history as sensor driven vacuuming robots have been made available
to take the hassle out of cleaning. Robotic Vacuum cleaners are still in their
infancy, but before long our old appliances will be replaced by robots.