Fact File Who invented the Wheel? Date of Invention: c.3500 BC *** Name of Inventor: Unknown *** Historical Period: Ancient World (3500 BC - 600BC) *** Category: Transportation *** Country of Origin: Mesopotamia *** The Invention of the Wheel ***
Fact 1 Who invented the Wheel? The name of the inventor of the Wheel is unknown but it is believed to have been invented in
Mesopotamia c.3500 BC
during the Ancient World era of inventions (3500 BC - 600BC) and was paramount to man's advancements in the area of Transportation.
Fact 2 Who invented the Wheel? Where was Mesopotamia located? Mesopotamia
is the ancient name for the land in the Middle East that lies between the Tigris
and Euphrates rivers. The majority of the ancient land of Mesopotamia is now
part of modern day Iraq, Syria and Turkey.
Fact 3 Who invented the Wheel? Who were the Mesopotamians? The
Mesopotamians consisted of several ancient civilizations including the Hebrews,
the Sumerians, the Assyrians and the Chaldeans aka the Babylonians.
Fact 4 Who invented the Wheel? Prior to the invention of the Wheel in c.3500
BC, it was difficult to move heavy objects and roads had not been invented to
facilitate a smooth and efficient means of travel. During the Neolithic Period,
aka the Stone Age (3000 - 1800 BC) massive Stone Monoliths such as Stonehenge
made use of large stones called Megaliths which weighed up to 4 tons and the
super stones called Trilithons which weighed about 45 tons.
Who invented the Wheel? Ancient stones were moved from quarries by river
whenever possible or by sheer man power to pull or drag the huge building
stones. It is also probable that the Stone Age man waited until the cold winter
months, when huge loads could be more easily transported across ice.
Fact 4 Who invented the Wheel? Prior to the invention of the wheel heavy
loads were dragged across icy land using ancient sledges or sleds, mounted on
runners and pulled by dogs for transportation over snow. In warmer countries
ancient civilizations such as the nomadic Native American Indians developed
other forms of transport like the travois, that consisted of two main poles
lashed together bearing a platform for a load that was dragged easily over the
prairie grassland, with hardly any friction. Other civilizations used wooden
logs that could could be rolled and used to haul heavy loads.
Fact 5 Who invented the
Wheel? The Potter's Wheel: It was not until the Bronze Age (1800 - 600 BC)
that Ancient civilizations moved from the hunter-gather lifestyle to a sedentary
farming lifestyle in permanent settlements with year-round agriculture.
The ancient Mesopotamians began to
build towns and cities and developed trade. Their settled lifestyle in permanent
houses required pots and containers and c.3500 BC they developed the stone
Potter's Wheel. The Potter's Wheel is believed to be the first type of wheel
that was invented. The invention of the wheel for a first means of
transportation in a chariot followed 300 years later.
Fact 6 Who invented the Wheel? The Potter's Wheel: The invention of the
Potter's Wheel was the result of an unknown Mesopotamian cutting out a slice of
a log and chiseling a hole in the middle to create the first wheel. The Potter's
Wheel developed into a mechanical device consisting of a turning wheel that was
rotated by kicking the flywheel with the foot which left both hands free to make
and shape pots. The invention of the Potter's Wheel provided a means to create
pottery in useful, symmetrical shapes both speedily and efficiently.
Fact 7 Who invented the Wheel? The first use of the wheel for
transportation was 300 years after the invention of the Potter's wheel, probably
in Mesopotamian chariots and carts in 3200 BC.
Fact 8 Who invented the Wheel? The Cart and Handcart: The invention of the Wheel
led to the development of the simple cart in 3200 BC, with either two or four
wheels, drawn by animals, such as oxen or horses. The handcart, a two wheeled
vehicle designed to be pushed by a person was also invented at this time.
Fact 9 Who invented the Wheel? The Chariot: The invention of the Wheel
also led to the development of the Chariot. The invention of the chariot led to
important changes in ancient warfare tactics and techniques by providing the
elements of speed and surprise when attacking the enemy.
Fact 10 Who invented the Wheel? The Chariot: The chariot was a
horse-drawn battle vehicle, usually on two wheels, drawn by one or more horses.
The chariot often carried two standing people, a driver and a fighter whose
hands were left free to use various weapons such as the bow-and-arrow, spear or
Fact 11 Who invented the Wheel? The Chariot: The first chariots
were heavy vehicles with solid wheels, their bodywork framed with wood and
covered with skins. The oldest known wheels were wooden disks consisting of
three carved planks clamped together by slanting struts.
Fact 12 Who invented the Wheel? The use of the chariot quickly spread
across the East and the west. In 2000 BC the ancient Egyptians invented the
first spoked wheels consisting of rods radiating from the center of a wheel. The
spoked wheel was lighter and stronger than wheels made of solid wood.
Fact 14 Who invented the Wheel? The Wheelbarrow: Wheeled
technology spread rapidly and reached China in the middle of the third millenium
BC. The Chinese inventor Ko Yu then invented the wheelbarrow. The useful
wheelbarrow was a light vehicle consisting of two handles and one wheel, rolled
by a single person for conveying small loads.
Fact 13 Who invented the Wheel? The next innovation regarding the Wheel
was the invention of the Celts who placed iron rims around their chariot wheels
c 1000 BC to provide extra strength and durability to their war vehicles.
Fact 15 Who invented the Wheel? Wagons In the first century BC the
Ancient Romans not only used chariots for warfare, processions and
transportation but also invented sprung wagons for long overland journeys.
Fact 16 Who invented the Wheel? Time moved on and the invention of Wheels
led to the Medieval invention of elaborate, highly decorated carriages and
coaches used for transportation by nobles and the wealthy. In the 15th century,
carriages were made lighter and needed only one horse to haul the carriage.
Fact 17 Who invented the Wheel? The invention of Wheels then enabled the
invention of the bicycle. The Pedal Bicycle was invented by Kirkpatrick
Macmillan in 1839 during the Industrial Revolution era of inventions. In 1845
the first air-pumped pneumatic tires were invented to eradicate bumps and jumps
Fact 18 Who invented the Wheel? Steam, coal, electric and finally
gasoline cars were invented that revolutionized transportation forever during
the 20th century. Refer to the Invention of the Automobile.
Fact 19 Who invented the Wheel? The invention of the humble Wheel had a
massive impact on transportation and lifestyles starting with the invention of
the potter's wheel, chariot, the handcart, the wheelbarrow, the horse drawn
cart, wagon, the carriage and later the bicycle and finally the automobile.
Fast Info and Fact
File: Country of Origin: Mesopotamia *** Name of Inventor: Unknown *** Nationality of Inventor: Mesopotamian *** Date of Invention: c.3500 BC *** Invention Era: Ancient World (3500 BC - 600BC) *** Invention category: Transportation ***