Fact File: Who invented Calculus? Date of Invention: mid 1700's *** Name of Inventors: Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz *** Nationality of Inventors: German and English *** Historical Period: Industrial Revolution (1700 - 1860) *** Category: Science (Math) *** Country of Origin: England and Germany *** The Inventors and Invention*** Fact 1: Who invented Calculus? Calculus was invented independently by Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz in the mid 1700's during the Industrial Revolution era of inventions (1700 - 1860).
Fact 2: Who invented Calculus? Although both Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz are credited with the invention the first steps were taken by Ancient Greek mathematicians such as Zeno of Elea, Leucippus, Democritus, Eudoxus and Archimedes. Fact 3: Who invented Calculus? Prominent Renaissance mathematicians and scientists such as Luca Valerio, Johannes Kepler, Pierre de Fermat, Gilles Roberval, Rene Descartes, Johann Hudde, Christiaan Huygens, Bonaventura Cavalieri, Evangelista Torricelli and Isaac Barrow also played a significant role in the invention.
Fact 3: Who invented Calculus? Calculus is used in the present day to help formulate concepts such as as heat, motion, electricity and light. Calculus helps formulate concepts and predictions through the use of limits, derivatives, integrals, functions and astronomy. It is broken into two subgroups called differential calculus and integral calculus.
Fact 4: Who invented Calculus? The Greeks: Zeno of Elea was a famous Greek philosopher who posed so-called paradoxes about motion to challenge the ideas of Greek mathematicians. Leucippus and Democritus originated the atomic theory of indivisibles. Fact 5: Who invented Calculus? The Greeks: Eudoxus was a Greek astronomer who mapped the stars and compiled a map of the known world. Archimedes was a genius in geometry and his methods anticipated the integral calculus 2,000 years before Gottfried Leibniz and Sir Isaac Newton. Fact 6: Who invented Calculus? The Renaissance Scientists: Important Renaissance mathematicians and scientists made significant advances in the invention of Calculus. Luca Valerio (1552 - 1618) worked to find volumes and centres of gravity of solid bodies. Johannes Kepler (1571 - 1630) provided three fundamental laws of planetary motion and worked on a basic form of integration. Fact 7: Who invented Calculus? The Renaissance Scientists: Pierre de Fermat (1601 - 1665) was famous for his work in number theory. Gilles Roberval (1602 - 1675) developed significant methods in the study of integration. Bonaventura Cavalieri (1598 - 1647) developed a method of indivisibles, an important factor in the development of the integral calculus.
Fact 8: Who invented Calculus? The Renaissance Scientists: Rene Descartes (1596 - 1650) developed an important method of determining normals based on double intersection. Johann Hudde (1628 - 1704) worked on maxima and minima and the theory of equations. He developed Hudde's Rule involving the derivative and provided an ingenious method to find multiple roots of an equation. Christian Huygens (1629 - 1695) wrote a small work on the calculus of probabilities. Fact 9: Who invented Calculus? The Renaissance Scientists: Evangelista Torricelli (1608 - 1647) and Isaac Barrow (1630 - 1677) worked on the problem of motion with variable speed. Fact 10: Who invented Calculus? The invention of Calculus in the mid 1700's by Sir Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz was strongly influenced by the work conducted by both the Greek and Renaissance Scientists and Mathematicians.
Fact 11: Who invented Calculus? Isaac Newton was born on January 4, 1643 in Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth a hamlet in the South Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. Gottfried Leibniz was born on July 1, 1646 in Leipzig, Germany.
Fact 12: Who invented Calculus? Isaac Newton was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge and Gottfried Leibniz was educated at Leipzig University, the University of Altdorf and the University of Jena.
Fact 13: Who invented Calculus? Newton and Leibniz worked on the invention of Calculus separately. Isaac Newton was strongly influenced by the work of Rene Descartes and Leibniz was strongly influenced by the work of Christian Huygens and Isaac Barrow. Fact 14: Who invented Calculus? Sir Isaac Newton laid the foundation for differential and integral calculus and Gottfried Leibniz developed the present day notation for the differential and integral calculus. Fact 15: Who invented Calculus? Both Sir Isaac Newton and and Gottfried Leibniz wrote a full system of calculus and became embroiled in a bitter battle regarding who should be credited with the invention of Calculus. There were various accusations of plagiarism that proved to be false. Fact 16: Who invented Calculus? Sir Isaac Newton emerged with the credit for the invention of Calculus, his theories of gravity and motion and the invention of the Color Wheel and was given praise, accolades and honor for his pioneering work. Sir Isaac Newton died on March 31, 1727 in Kensington, London and was given a state funeral. Fact 17: Who invented Calculus? Gottfried Leibniz was not given credit for the invention of Calculus and died on November 14, 1716 in Hanover, Germany a poor and dishonored man. For additional information refer to the Inventors and Invention of Math and Who Invented Algebra. Fast Info and Fact File: Who invented Calculus? Country of Origin: England and Germany *** Name of Inventors: Isaac Newton and Gottfried Leibniz *** Nationality of Inventors: German and English *** Date of Invention: mid 1700's *** Invention Era: Industrial Revolution (1700 - 1860) *** Type: Science (Math) *** |