Who invented Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC)? Fast Info and Fact File: Country of Origin: United States of America *** Name of Inventor: Colonel Harland David Sanders *** Nationality of Inventor: American *** Date of Invention: 1930 *** Invention: Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) *** Lifespan of Inventor: 1890 - 1980 *** Type: Food and Drink *** The Inventor and Invention of Fried Chicken ***
History of the Chicken: The chicken was first domesticated around 6000 BC in southeast Asia, China, Thailand, Burma and India. The domesticated chicken spread to Ancient Egypt, Greece and the Romans and across the Roman Empire and Western Civilizations. The chicken was introduced to the 'New World' during the Age of Exploration and by the migrants who made America their new home.
Fact 1: Who invented Fried Chicken? The tradition of frying chicken dates back to at least the time of the Ancient Romans who documented the oldest collection of recipes to survive from antiquity.
Fact 2: Who invented Fried Chicken? An old recipe for Fried Chicken can be found in 'Apicius', a recipe book from Ancient Rome that was compiled in the 4th century AD. 'Apicius' was a collection of Roman recipes that included contributions written by a famous Roman Gourmet, called Marcus Gavius Apicius, who lived in the 1st Century AD reign of Tiberius.
Fact 3: Who invented Fried Chicken? The Romans documented a recipe for 'Pullum frontonianum' in 'Apicius' which began by deep frying seasoned chicken in olive oil.
Fact 4: Who invented Fried Chicken? The cooking method referred to as 'deep frying' involves submerging food in hot fat as opposed to 'shallow frying' which requires minimal amount of oil with only partial coverage of the food.
Fact 5: Who invented Fried Chicken? Many of the Medieval and Renaissance recipes that included Fried Chicken used a cooking method called 'fricassee' in which food was browned and sealed by shallow frying and then cooked in a sauce. The deep frying cooking method was quite rare as oil was expensive and modern deep frying only became viable during the 19th century.
Fact 6: Who invented Fried Chicken? The name of the person often credited with inventing Fried Chicken is Hannah Glasse (1708 - 1770) who published a fried chicken recipe in her book called 'The Art of Cookery' which was first published in 1747. The Hannah Glasse recipe was in fact published under the heading 'To Marinate Chickens' and involved first boiling then frying the food.
Fact 7: Who invented Fried Chicken? The Hannah Glasse cookbook became popular in the first Thirteen Colonies of America and was used by Martha Washington. Fried Chicken evolved into an American speciality that originated with the old recipes brought with immigrants from the 'Old World'.
Fact 8: Who invented Fried Chicken? The first printed American recipe for fried chicken was published in 1824 entitled 'The Virginia House Wife' by Mary Randolph which involved placing chicken pieces in "a large quantity of boiling lard" and then cooking using the fricassee method. The Deep frying method using hot boiling oil was then, as now, was considered to be dangerous and hot work and therefore not used by housewives.
Fact 9: Who invented Fried Chicken? Cooking methods in the slave plantations of the Old South was different. Although the fricassee method was the traditional option, slaves began to develop and use deep frying methods and the dish became popular with white and black Southerners. To mimic the fricassee method which resulted in a sauce, the fried chicken dish was also served with gravy.
Fact 10: Who invented Fried Chicken? Fried Chicken was tasty and a fast way to prepare food. It was also a highly durable food that would keep for several days and could be eaten cold. The dish therefore became popular during the American Civil War (1861 - 1865) and prepared food could be sent to soldiers several days away from where the food was cooked.
Fact 11: Who invented Fried Chicken? The popularity of the dish increased with the advent of the railroad when black cooks and chefs prepared the food as a suitable travel dish which was served to travelers in railroad dining cars.
Fact 12: Who invented Fried Chicken? Various combinations of breadcrumbs and herbs were developed to give each recipe an individual taste. One such recipe was produced by Harland Sanders, a white restaurant owner who went on to achieve fame as Colonel Saunders, the founder of the Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) company.
Fact 13: Who invented Fried Chicken? Harland David Sanders was born on September 9, 1890, in Henryville, Indiana. His father was Wilbur David Sanders and his mother's name was Margaret Ann Sanders and he had a younger brother called Clarence and two sisters.
Fact 14: Who invented Fried Chicken? His father died when Harland Sanders was just seven years old, and learned to cook for the family when his mother was forced to work. His mother remarried but Harland did not get along with his stepfather. At the age of 13 he dropped out of seventh grade, left home and went to live and work at a nearby farm.
Fact 15: Who invented Fried Chicken? Harland Sanders took a variety of jobs as a railroad fireman, streetcar conductor and insurance salesman. By 1930 was running a service station in Corbin, Kentucky where he served meals for travelers at his own dining table, which seated six people.
Fact 16: Who invented Fried Chicken? People enjoyed the meals served by Harland Sanders and shortly after the fire he opened the Sanders Cafe, which seated 142 people.
Fact 17: Who invented Fried Chicken? Harland Sanders developed a delicious recipe for his Kentucky Fried Chicken used a mixture of flour seasoned with eleven herbs and spices which achieved fame across the state. He also began using a pressure fryer that cooked the chicken faster than pan frying.
Fact 18: Who invented Fried Chicken? The Honorable Order of Kentucky Colonels was established in 1932 by the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Honorary Commissions were given by the governor and the secretary of state to individuals in recognition of noteworthy accomplishments and outstanding service. The governor of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, Ruby Laffon, issued more than 5,000 commissions during his term as governor from 1931 - 1935 and bestowed Harland Sanders the title of Colonel "in recognition of his contributions to the state's cuisine".
Fact 19: Who invented Fried Chicken? Harland Sanders was commonly called "Colonel Sanders" from that point forward. The Sanders Cafe caught fire in 1939 and was replaced by a restaurant and motel which opened on July 4, 1940.
Fact 20: Who invented Fried Chicken? Colonel Sanders sold the motel in 1956 and at the age of 66 began selling franchises for his secret recipe of Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC). Colonel Sanders went on to found his global KFC empire.
Fact 21: Who invented Fried Chicken? Colonel Sanders developed his own image to create a recognisable brand for KFC reflecting a Southern gentleman with a white goatee beard and traditional white frock coat with a string tie.
Fact 22: Who invented Fried Chicken? In 1964 Colonel Sanders sold the Kentucky Fried Chicken (KFC) corporation for $2 million (over $16 million today) to a partnership of Kentucky businessmen headed by John Y. Brown, Jr.
Fact 23: Who invented Fried Chicken? Colonel Sanders died of pneumonia at the Jewish Hospital in Louisville, Kentucky on December 16, 1980 at the age of 90 years old.