Fact File: Who invented Makeup? Invention: Makeup *** Date of Invention: c. 4000 BC *** Name of Inventor: Unknown *** Historical Period: Ancient Egyptian (5000 - 3100 BCE) *** Country of Origin: Ancient Egypt *** The Invention of Makeup ***
Fact 1: Who invented Makeup? The name of the inventor of Makeup is unknown but it is believed to have been invented c. 4000 BC by the Ancient Egyptians (5000 - 3100 BCE).
Fact 2: Why was Makeup applied? The Ancient Egyptians applied makeup not just to enhance and emphasize the appearance of both men and women but also for several different reasons.
Fact 3: Who invented Makeup? Some Ancient Egyptians wore cosmetics for medical reasons. Ancient Egyptian Physicians prescribed the use of kohl against eye diseases, to shield the eye against the sun and act as a deterrent to flies.
Fact 4: Who invented Makeup? The black coloring used for eye makeup was Kohl, which was used to apply color to the eyelashes and eyebrows, was obtained from a mixture of soot, mixed with water and galena, a blue-grey natural mineral form of lead sulfide
Fact 5: Who invented Makeup? Other Ancient Egyptians wore cosmetics for religious or magical reasons. Their green eye makeup, obtained from malachite, was believed to protect against the evil eye of Horus, the god of the sky and sun.
Fact 6: Who invented Makeup? The green eye pigment, malachite, is a copper ore that had been used as a mineral pigment in green paints dating from antiquity. Malchite stones were crushed and ground into a powdered form, mixed with water and then applied to the eyelids.
Fact 7: Who invented Makeup? Ancient Egyptian's cosmetics did not stop at eye makeup. They also wore rouge on their cheeks or lips and perfumed oils and pastes that softened the skin, prevented sunburn and skin damage from the sandy winds. The red stain used to color the lips and cheeks was obtained from red ochre.
Fact 8: Who invented Makeup? Hair and nails were also colored, using henna leaves or shoots that were ground on a palette then mixed with water to form a paste.
Fact 9: Who invented Makeup? The higher the status of the person, the more makeup they wore. Ancient Egyptians also used their various cosmetics to decorate statues of their pharaohs and gods. Their tradition of using cosmetics was then adopted by the Greeks and Romans.
Fact 10: Who invented Makeup? The Romans were particularly fond of using a layer of foundation, made from chalk and the orris root. Others favored a white lead paste which was poisonous.
Fact 11: Who invented Makeup? A white paste was also worn by the Elizabethans, who desired a pale complexion. It was called ceruse, a mixture of white lead and vinegar, that was also poisonous. Expensive dyes such as cochineal, or the less expensive madder and vermilion, were used to redden the lips and cheeks and lips.
Fact 12: Who invented Makeup? Elizabethan women also dyed their hair blond using a mixture of saffron, cumin seed, celandine and oil. This, combined with the use of ceruse, created the fashionable, pale looking appearance.
Fact 13: Who invented Makeup? Cosmetics were an accepted form of enhancement through the centuries, although strongly disapproved of by the Puritans. The Victorian era witnessed a total change in attitudes and makeup was associated with actresses and prostitutes and did not resurface until the early 1900's.
Fact 14: Who invented Makeup? The advent of the silent movie era, when movie stars used copious amounts of makeup, saw female fans begin to take an interest in cosmetics again, although they were still frowned upon by most sections of society.
Fact 15: Who invented Makeup? In 1914 the first modern commercial cake mascara was formulated consisting of a mixture of petroleum jelly and carbon soot. The name of its creator was Thomas Lyle Williams who named his company in honor of his sister Mabel, still known to this day as Maybelline.
Fact 16: Who invented Makeup? Commercial makeup took a huge leap in respectability when beauty salons were opened and cosmetics were manufactured by Elizabeth Arden (1909), Helena Rubenstein (1907), Coty (1908), Max Factor (1909) and L’Oreal (1911)
Fact 17: Who invented Makeup? The 1920's heralded the Roaring Twenties, the Jazz Age and the era of the free spirited 'Flappers'. The Flappers flouted convention plucking their eyebrows, using eye pencil, applying mascara or kohl to their eyelashes, wearing lipstick, face powder and rouge (which they also applied to their knees).
Fact 18: Who invented Makeup? The Flappers scandalized society but gradually lipstick and powder became an accepted cosmetic accessory for women in the 1930's. Revlon was founded in 1937 and nail polish became popular.
Fact 19: Who invented Makeup? The 1940's saw the outbreak of WW2 (1939 - 1945) when everything was rationed. Women began to wear leg makeup in response to the shortages of stockings. Estée Lauder became a popular brand in the 1940's and suntan cream was developed by the chemist Benjamin Green in 1944.
Fact 20: Who invented Makeup? Everything changed in the Swinging Sixties with the London fashion explosion and Mary Quant introduced her brand of cosmetics. Sixties eye makeup adopted the 'Panda' look with dramatic, defined eye shadow doll-like false eyelashes and extremely pan-cake pale lips. The 1963 Cleopatra starring Elizabeth Taylor was released and her makeup brought cosmetics full circle as many fashion conscious women emulated the Cleopatra look.