The Trumpet

Trumpet

When was the Trumpet invented? Historians tend to agree that the Trumpet was invented in c. 5000 BC and the first known use of the Trumpet was during the Ancient Egyptian period of invention (5000 - 3100 BCE).

Who invented the Trumpet? The name of a specific person has never been credited with the invention of the Trumpet. This ancient musical instrument is so old that the name of the inventor has been lost over time. The first Ancient Egyptian trumpet, called the Hasosra, was made from silver or bronze and had a wide bell. This powerful, loud musical instrument was used during important ceremonies and also used during battles.

Who invented the Trumpet? The names most closely associated with the development of the modern trumpet include Anton Joseph Hampel, Michael Woggel, Johann Andreas Stein, Charles Clagget, Wilhelm Wieprecht, Joseph Riedl, Francois Perinet and Gustave Auguste Besson. Details of all of these famous makers of the trumpet and musicians are detailed in this article.

 

 

Facts about who invented the Trumpet

 

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Definition of the Trumpet: The Trumpet is defined as a brass, musical, wind instrument with a narrow tube with a cup-shaped mouthpiece at one end and a flared bell at the other. The trumpet is played by means of valves to produce a powerful, penetrating tone.

Fact File: Who invented the Trumpet? Invention: Trumpet *** Date of Invention: c. 5000 BC *** Name of Inventor: Unknown *** Historical Period: Ancient Egyptian Prehistoric Egypt (5000 - 3100 BCE) *** Category: Musical Instruments *** Country of Origin: Ancient Egypt *** The Invention of the Trumpet ***

Fact 1: Who invented the Trumpet? The name of the inventor of the Trumpet is unknown but it is believed to have been invented in c. 5000 BC during the Ancient Egyptian Prehistoric Egypt era of inventions (5000 - 3100 BCE). The oldest known trumpets, one silver and one brass, were found in the 1323 BC tomb of Tutankhamen

Fact 2: Who invented the Trumpet? Prior to the invention of the Trumpet in c. 5000 BC, straight, hollow tubes, made from the horns of animals, were used as musical instruments.

Fact 3: Who invented the Trumpet? Other Asian civilizations developed the 'horn' musical instruments. As the Bronze Age emerged the 'Lost-wax process' was adopted as a method of metal casting in which molten metal was poured into a mold that has been created by means of a wax model. Once the trumpet mold was made, the wax model was melted and drained away.

Fact 4: Who invented the Trumpet? The Trumpet was introduced to Europe from the Arab world the during the Crusades. The ancient Arabic instrument was called the 'trumpas'. The name of the musical instrument was called the tromba, the trompeta, the trompette and the trumpet in Italy, Germany, France and England respectively.

Fact 5: Who invented the Trumpet? In the late 1300's of the Middle Ages makers of musical instruments discovered a new technique and were able to bend hot metal tubes to specification. Copper, the major ingredient in brass, melted at a very high temperature, much higher than lead, allowing a copper tube to maintain its shape when filled with molten lead.

Fact 6: Who invented the Trumpet? When the lead cooled the metal became pliable and the tube could be bent without losing its cylindrical form and near perfect curve. These early Medieval trumpets were S-shaped, but the shape of the instrument quickly evolved to become a more convenient oblong loop. 

Fact 7: Who invented the Trumpet? The Medieval era passed as the Renaissance emerged and the trumpet began to be used by musicians as dance music rather than just the loud powerful instruments used for ceremonies and in battle. Royal courts during the Renaissance period boasted great patrons of music and collections of musical instruments were highly valued. The rival courts vied with each other for the largest and most unusual collections and the invention or development of new musical instruments was highly valued.

Fact 8: Who invented the Trumpet? The makers of musical instruments strived to make the trumpet more versatile. At first, the low register of the trumpet was used, but as time passed the natural trumpet was developed as a valve-less brass instrument with the ability to play the notes and higher pitches of the harmonic series. Notable natural trumpet makers of the period included the Hainlein family, the Ehe family and the Haas family all of Nuremberg of Nuremberg and William Bull of London.

Fact 9: Who invented the Trumpet? Anton Joseph Hampel: The natural trumpet was somewhat limited because it could not be played chromatically. Anton Joseph Hampel of Dresden (1710 - 1771) suggested placing the hand in the bell of the instrument to solve the problem. The technique of 'hand-stopping' was the first to allow natural horns to play fully chromatically inspiring works from composers such as Mozart, Weber and Beethoven.

Fact 10: Who invented the Trumpet? Michael Woggel and Johann Andreas Stein:  In 1777 the trumpeter Michael Woggel requested Johann Andreas Stein of Augsburg to make him a trumpet that was slightly curved enabling him to reach the bell more easily - trumpets like this were later called 'trompettes demi-lunes' in France.

Fact 11: Who invented the Trumpet? The 'trompettes demi-lunes' were never very successful and instrument makers attempted to make a keyed trumpet but this was also unsuccessful and was quickly replaced by valve trumpets.

Fact 12: Who invented the Trumpet? The Irish musician Charles Clagget (1740 c.1795) was the first to theorise on the principles of modern valved brass instruments and was the first to invent a valve mechanism and patent his idea in 1788.

Fact 13: Who invented the Trumpet? Charles Clagget:  Charles Clagget's valve mechanism invention proved to be impractical and in 1818 the first practical valve mechanism and orchestral trumpet was co-invented and designed by German horn player Heinrich Stoelzel (1777 - 1844) and Friedrich Bluhmel (1777 - 1845). They patented their design in 1818.

Fact 14: Who invented the Trumpet? The invention of the valve mechanism and rotary valve sparked a burst of activity by inventors and instrument makers wanting to exploit this new technology.

Fact 15: Who invented the Trumpet? Wilhelm Wieprecht:  In 1833 the Prussian composer and conductor Wilhelm Wieprecht (1802 - 1872) devised a new tubular valve greatly increasing the volume and purity of the tone of trumpets.

Fact 16: Who invented the Trumpet? Joseph Riedl: In 1835 Viennese instrument maker Joseph Riedl (c.1788 - 1837) and hornist Joseph Kail (1795 - 1871) invented the rotary valve for the trumpet by utilizing a double piston. 

Fact 17: Who invented the Trumpet? Francois Perinet: In 1839 the French brass instrument maker Francois Perinet (1829-1855) invented the piston valve to change the length of tube in the playing of most brass instruments, including the trumpet.

Fact 18: Who invented the Trumpet? The valve technology enabled instruments to produce a more agile and uniform tone and the number of trumpet manufacturers increased significantly. In 1842 first trumpet factory was founded in Paris by Adolphe Sax (1814 - 1894) who went on to invent the Saxophone in 1846.

Fact 19: Who invented the Trumpet? Gustave Auguste Besson (1820 - 1874) helped the industry by manufacturing standardized parts for the horn which became available in 1858 when he created the Besson brand in Paris and London.

Fact 20: Who invented the Trumpet? New styles of keywork were developed in the 1930's and the balanced action trumpets were invented. The balanced action trumpet were first developed by the Henri Selmer Paris company in 1933 for the famous American trumpeter Louis Armstrong, and was also used by bandleader Harry James.

Fact 21: Who invented the Trumpet? The use of trumpets varies according to the musical group. Big Bands and Jazz Bands usually have 4 trumpets, Orchestras typically feature 2 - 3 trumpets, Concert Bands typically have 4 - 6 trumpets and Mexican bandas typically feature 3 trumpets.

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